Abstract

Working with wavelengths shorter than the deep ultraviolet involves the development of dedicated optics for free-electron lasers with devoted coating techniques and characterizations. High-performance deep-ultraviolet optics are specially developed to create low-loss, high-reflectivity dielectric mirrors with long lifetimes in harsh synchrotron radiation environments. In February 2001, lasing at 189.7 nm, the shortest wavelength obtained so far with free-electron-laser oscillators, was obtained at the European Free-electron-laser project at ELETTRA Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Trieste, Italy. In July 2001, 330-mW extracted power at 250 nm was measured with optimized transmission mirrors. Research and development of coatings correlated to lasing performance are reported.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2001 (3)

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (5)

V. Litvinenko, “The OK-4/Duke storage ring FEL lasing in the deep-UV,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 151–158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilo, N. Croitoru, “Study of HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted deposition using a gridless end-hall ion source,” Thin Solid Films 350, 203–208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, “European project to develop an UV/VUV FEL facility on the ELETTRA storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 179–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. Garzella, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Lasing at 300 nm and below: optical challenges and perspectives,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 375, 39–45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, M. Billardon, “The Super-ACO FEL operation with shorter positron bunches,” Europhys. Lett. 21, 909–914 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. P. Lehan, Y. Mao, B. G. Bovard, H. A. McLeod, “Optical and microstructural properties of hafnium dioxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films 203, 227–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. Baumeister, O. Arnon, “Use of hafnium dioxide in multilayer dielectric reflectors for the near UV,” Appl. Opt. 16, 439–444 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Clarke, J.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aizawa, K.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Albrand, G.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Alvisi, M.

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

S. Scaglione, F. Sarto, A. Rizzo, M. Alvisi, “Dependence of the HfO2 thin film structure on the momentum transfer in ion beam assisted deposition,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 154–161 (1999).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

Amra, C.

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Anton, B.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arnon, O.

Bakker, R. J.

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baumeister, P.

Bazin, C.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Beisswenger, S.

A. Zöller, S. Beisswenger, R. Götzelmann, K. Matl, “Plasma ion-assisted deposition: a novel technique for the production of optical coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abelès, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 394–402 (1994).

Belkhou, R.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bergher, M.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bevis, R. P.

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

Billardon, M.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Garzella, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Lasing at 300 nm and below: optical challenges and perspectives,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 375, 39–45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, M. Billardon, “The Super-ACO FEL operation with shorter positron bunches,” Europhys. Lett. 21, 909–914 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Blaschke, H.

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

Boccara, C.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Boccara, C. A.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Bovard, B. G.

J. P. Lehan, Y. Mao, B. G. Bovard, H. A. McLeod, “Optical and microstructural properties of hafnium dioxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films 203, 227–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Carniglia, C. K.

Chiwaki, M.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, J. A.

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Couprie, M.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Couprie, M. E.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Garzella, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Lasing at 300 nm and below: optical challenges and perspectives,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 375, 39–45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, M. Billardon, “The Super-ACO FEL operation with shorter positron bunches,” Europhys. Lett. 21, 909–914 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Croitoru, N.

M. Gilo, N. Croitoru, “Study of HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted deposition using a gridless end-hall ion source,” Thin Solid Films 350, 203–208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dattoli, G.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

De Ninno, G.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Deacon, D. A. G.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Delboulbe, A.

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de-Ninno, G.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Desrumaux, C.

J. Dijon, T. Poiroux, C. Desrumaux, “Nano absorbing centers: a key point in laser damage thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 315–325 (1996).

Dijon, J.

J. Dijon, T. Poiroux, C. Desrumaux, “Nano absorbing centers: a key point in laser damage thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 315–325 (1996).

E. Couprie, M.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Elias, L. R.

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Elleaume, P.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eriksson, M.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eva, E.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Feigl, T.

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Kaiser, S. Yulin, T. Feigl, “Si-based multilayers with high thermal stability, in soft x-ray and EUV imaging systems,” in Soft X-Ray and EUV Imaging Systems, W. M. Kaiser, R. H. Stulen, eds., Proc. SPIE4146, 91–100 (2000).

Garzella, D.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Garzella, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Lasing at 300 nm and below: optical challenges and perspectives,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 375, 39–45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, M. Billardon, “The Super-ACO FEL operation with shorter positron bunches,” Europhys. Lett. 21, 909–914 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Gatto, A.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV-optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion assisted deposition, and plasma ion assisted deposition,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 276–288 (2000).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Giannessi, L.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Gilo, M.

M. Gilo, N. Croitoru, “Study of HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted deposition using a gridless end-hall ion source,” Thin Solid Films 350, 203–208 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Görtler, A.

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

Götzelmann, R.

A. Zöller, S. Beisswenger, R. Götzelmann, K. Matl, “Plasma ion-assisted deposition: a novel technique for the production of optical coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abelès, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 394–402 (1994).

Grewe, M.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Grupp, C.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gunster, S.

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Günster, A.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hamada, S.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hara, T.

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heber, J.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV-optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion assisted deposition, and plasma ion assisted deposition,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 276–288 (2000).

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

Hirsch, M.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Hosaka, M.

M. Hosaka, “From the operation of an SRFEL to a user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Iwata, A.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, N.

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

N. Kaiser, S. Yulin, T. Feigl, “Si-based multilayers with high thermal stability, in soft x-ray and EUV imaging systems,” in Soft X-Ray and EUV Imaging Systems, W. M. Kaiser, R. H. Stulen, eds., Proc. SPIE4146, 91–100 (2000).

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV-optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion assisted deposition, and plasma ion assisted deposition,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 276–288 (2000).

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Kaiser, U.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, M.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lauth, H.

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lehan, J. P.

J. P. Lehan, Y. Mao, B. G. Bovard, H. A. McLeod, “Optical and microstructural properties of hafnium dioxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films 203, 227–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leinhos, U.

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

Lichtenstein, T. L.

Litvinenko, V.

V. Litvinenko, “The OK-4/Duke storage ring FEL lasing in the deep-UV,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 151–158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Litvinenko, V. N.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, H. W.

Madey, J. M. J.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mann, K.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

J. P. Lehan, Y. Mao, B. G. Bovard, H. A. McLeod, “Optical and microstructural properties of hafnium dioxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films 203, 227–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marsi, M.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Martelli, S.

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
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Matl, K.

A. Zöller, S. Beisswenger, R. Götzelmann, K. Matl, “Plasma ion-assisted deposition: a novel technique for the production of optical coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abelès, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 394–402 (1994).

McLeod, H. A.

J. P. Lehan, Y. Mao, B. G. Bovard, H. A. McLeod, “Optical and microstructural properties of hafnium dioxide thin films,” Thin Solid Films 203, 227–250 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Merola, F.

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mikado, T.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

Nahon, L.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, T.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nutarelli, D.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Ohgaki, H.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oku, Y.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, J. M.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Owaki, K.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Roger, J.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

P. Walker, R.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panaccione, G.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, Y.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Poiroux, T.

J. Dijon, T. Poiroux, C. Desrumaux, “Nano absorbing centers: a key point in laser damage thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 315–325 (1996).

Poole, M. W.

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Rainer, F.

Ramian, G. L.

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Renault, E.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Ristau, D.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Rizzo, A.

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Scaglione, F. Sarto, A. Rizzo, M. Alvisi, “Dependence of the HfO2 thin film structure on the momentum transfer in ion beam assisted deposition,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 154–161 (1999).

Robert, S.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Robinson, K. E.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Roger, J. P.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Roux, R.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarto, F.

S. Scaglione, F. Sarto, A. Rizzo, M. Alvisi, “Dependence of the HfO2 thin film structure on the momentum transfer in ion beam assisted deposition,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 154–161 (1999).

Scaglione, S.

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Scaglione, F. Sarto, A. Rizzo, M. Alvisi, “Dependence of the HfO2 thin film structure on the momentum transfer in ion beam assisted deposition,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 154–161 (1999).

Schallenberg, U. B.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schwettman, H. A.

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sei, N.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sheehan, L. M.

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

Smith, D. J.

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

Smith, T. I.

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, C. J.

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

Sugiyama, S.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, R.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taleb-Ibrahimi, A.

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tauc, P.

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thielsch, R.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV-optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion assisted deposition, and plasma ion assisted deposition,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 276–288 (2000).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Torchio, P.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Trovò, M.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

Trovò, Mauro

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Tuttle Hart, T.

Uhlig, H.

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vasanelli, L.

M. Alvisi, S. Scaglione, S. Martelli, A. Rizzo, L. Vasanelli, “Structural and optical modification in hafnium oxide thin films related to the momentum parameter transferred by ion beam assistance,” Thin Solid Films 354, 19–23 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Velghe, M.

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

von Gunten, M. K.

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

W. Poole, M.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R.

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

Walker, R. P.

R. P. Walker, “European project to develop an UV/VUV FEL facility on the ELETTRA storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 179–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

Werin, S.

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wille, K.

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, M.

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshiwa, M.

T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yulin, S.

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Kaiser, S. Yulin, T. Feigl, “Si-based multilayers with high thermal stability, in soft x-ray and EUV imaging systems,” in Soft X-Ray and EUV Imaging Systems, W. M. Kaiser, R. H. Stulen, eds., Proc. SPIE4146, 91–100 (2000).

Zöller, A.

A. Zöller, S. Beisswenger, R. Götzelmann, K. Matl, “Plasma ion-assisted deposition: a novel technique for the production of optical coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abelès, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 394–402 (1994).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Europhys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, M. Billardon, “The Super-ACO FEL operation with shorter positron bunches,” Europhys. Lett. 21, 909–914 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

T. Feigl, H. Lauth, S. Yulin, N. Kaiser, “Heat resistance of EUV multilayer mirrors for long-time applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 57–58, 3–8 (2001).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (7)

R. P. Walker, “European project to develop an UV/VUV FEL facility on the ELETTRA storage ring,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 179–184 (1999).
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R. P. Walker, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, M. Eriksson, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. Trovò, S. Werin, K. Wille, “The European UV/VUV storage ring FEL at ELETTRA: first operation and future prospects,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 467–468, 34–37 (2001).
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T. Yamazaki, K. Yamada, S. Sugiyama, H. Ohgaki, N. Sei, T. Mikado, T. Noguchi, M. Chiwaki, R. Suzuki, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, K. Owaki, S. Hamada, K. Aizawa, Y. Oku, A. Iwata, M. Yoshiwa, “First lasing of the NIJI-IV storage-ring free-electron laser,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 331, 27–33 (1993).
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D. Garzella, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Lasing at 300 nm and below: optical challenges and perspectives,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 375, 39–45 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, T. Yamazaki, H. Ohgaki, V. N. Litvinenko, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, M. Kawai, M. Yokoyama, “Lasing down to the deep UV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 159–164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, N. Sei, H. Ohgaki, T. Mikado, S. Sugiyama, T. Yamazaki, “Lasing towards the VUV in the NIJI-IV FEL,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 445, 173–177 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Litvinenko, “The OK-4/Duke storage ring FEL lasing in the deep-UV,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 429, 151–158 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Marsi, R. Belkhou, C. Grupp, G. Panaccione, A. Taleb-Ibrahimi, L. Nahon, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, E. Renault, R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, M. Billardon, “Transient charge carrier distribution at UV-photoexcited SiO2/Si interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 61, R5070–3 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

R. Roux, M. E. Couprie, R. J. Bakker, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, L. Nahon, M. Billardon, “High current operation of a storage-ring free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6584–6593 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. A. G. Deacon, L. R. Elias, J. M. J. Madey, G. L. Ramian, H. A. Schwettman, T. I. Smith, “First operation of a free electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 892–894 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. Billardon, P. Elleaume, J. M. Ortega, C. Bazin, M. Bergher, M. Velghe, Y. Petroff, D. A. G. Deacon, K. E. Robinson, J. M. J. Madey, “First operation of a storage-ring free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1652–1655 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. E. Couprie, F. Merola, P. Tauc, D. Garzella, A. Delboulbe, T. Hara, M. Billardon, “First use of the UV super-ACO free-electron laser: fluorescence decays and rotational dynamics of the NADH coenzyme,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1485–1495 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Synchr. Rad. News (1)

M. Marsi, R. Roux, M. Trovò, R. P. Walker, M. E. Couprie, D. Garzella, J. A. Clarke, M. W. Poole, K. Wille, G. Dattoli, L. Giannessi, M. Eriksson, S. Werin, A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, A. Günster, D. Ristau, “Completion of the first phase of development of the European UV/VUV free-electron laser at ELETTRA,” Synchr. Rad. News 14(4), 19 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (4)

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M. Gilo, N. Croitoru, “Study of HfO2 films prepared by ion-assisted deposition using a gridless end-hall ion source,” Thin Solid Films 350, 203–208 (1999).
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[CrossRef]

N. Kaiser, H. Uhlig, U. B. Schallenberg, B. Anton, U. Kaiser, K. Mann, E. Eva, “High damage threshold Al2O3/SiO2 dielectric coatings for excimer lasers,” Thin Solid Films 260, 86–92 (1995).
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Other (12)

J. Heber, R. Thielsch, H. Blaschke, N. Kaiser, U. Leinhos, A. Görtler, “Changes in optical interference coatings exposed to 193 nm excimer laser radiation,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 83–96 (1999).

J. Dijon, T. Poiroux, C. Desrumaux, “Nano absorbing centers: a key point in laser damage thin films,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1996, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2966, 315–325 (1996).

S. Scaglione, F. Sarto, A. Rizzo, M. Alvisi, “Dependence of the HfO2 thin film structure on the momentum transfer in ion beam assisted deposition,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE3578, 154–161 (1999).

A. Zöller, S. Beisswenger, R. Götzelmann, K. Matl, “Plasma ion-assisted deposition: a novel technique for the production of optical coatings,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abelès, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 394–402 (1994).

P. Torchio, A. Gatto, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, N. Kaiser, C. Amra, “High-reflectivity dense UV mirrors,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 63 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), pp. ThA7–1–ThA7–3.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV-optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion assisted deposition, and plasma ion assisted deposition,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 276–288 (2000).

N. Kaiser, S. Yulin, T. Feigl, “Si-based multilayers with high thermal stability, in soft x-ray and EUV imaging systems,” in Soft X-Ray and EUV Imaging Systems, W. M. Kaiser, R. H. Stulen, eds., Proc. SPIE4146, 91–100 (2000).

M. Hosaka, “From the operation of an SRFEL to a user facility,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

M. Trovò, J. A. Clarke, M. E. Couprie, G. Dattoli, D. Garzella, A. Gatto, L. Giannessi, S. Gunster, N. Kaiser, M. Marsi, M. W. Poole, D. Ristau, R. P. Walker, “Operation of the European Storage Ring FEL at ELETTRA down to 190 nm,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (to be published).

A. Gatto, N. Kaiser, R. Thielsch, D. Garzella, M. Hirsch, D. Nutarelli, G. De Ninno, E. Renault, M. E. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, Mauro Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, J. P. Roger, C. Boccara, “Achromatic damage investigation on mirrors for UV free electron lasers,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE4347, 535–546 (2001).

A. Gatto, R. Thielsch, N. Kaiser, M. Hirsch, D. Garzella, D. Nutarelli, G. de-Ninno, E. Renault, M. Couprie, P. Torchio, M. Alvisi, G. Albrand, C. Amra, M. Marsi, M. Trovò, R. Walker, M. Grewe, S. Robert, J. P. Roger, C. A. Boccara, “Toward resistant UV mirrors at 200 nm for free electron lasers: manufacture, characterizations, and degradation tests,” in Inorganic Optical Materials II, A. J. Marker, E. G. Arthurs, eds., Proc. SPIE4102, 261–75 (2000).

C. J. Stolz, L. M. Sheehan, M. K. von Gunten, R. P. Bevis, D. J. Smith, “Advantages of evaporation of hafnium in a reactive environment for manufacture of high-damage threshold multilayer coatings by electron beam evaporation,” in Advances in Optical Interference Coatings, C. Amra, A. Macleod, eds., Proc. SPIE3738, 318–324 (1999).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a typical SRFEL. Electron bunches confined inside emit SR, which passes through the dipoles and wigglers. A FEL optical cavity is also shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral characteristics, reflection R, and transmission T of HR 220/0° and 380/0° thin films of Al2O3–SiO2 and HfO2–SiO2, respectively, deposited by PIAD and measured after deposition and after three FEL sessions (dose, 100 mA/h).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Adapted transmission (design 1) at 240 nm, HfO2/SiO2, (HL)7 on sapphire, lasing: 251 nm, extracted power: 100 mW for 20 mA. Adapted transmission (design 2) at 240 nm, HfO2/SiO2, (HL)5 on sapphire, lasing: 252 nm, extracted power: 330 mW for 36 mA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Wavelength spectrum and (b) micropulse profile of the FEL at 190 nm, λ = 189.95 nm. Spectral FWHM, 0.06 nm; temporal FWHM, 7.7 ps; Δλ/λ = 3.1 × 10-4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflectivity curves for 193-, 160-, and 130-nm laser elements.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reflectivity of Mo-Si multilayer mirrors measured with SR at the Physikalische Technische Bundensanstalt reflectometer at BESSY II, the Berlin electron-storage ring.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Overview of the Prototype Mirrors Designed for the FEL Cavity at ELETTRA

Equations (1)

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λr=λ02nγ21+K22+γ2θ2,

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