Abstract

This paper presents results of measurements of short (0.3 ps, 0.2 ns, and 10 ns) laser pulse transmissions through a liquid suspension of fine carbon particles (named CBS for “carbon-black suspension”) at input-pulse energies up to 10 mJ. The 10-ns pulses came from a Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm, and the shorter pulses came from a Ti:sapphire laser at 800 nm. Limiting was observed with the 10-ns and the 0.2-ns laser pulses, but the 0.3-ps pulses produced white light and underwent the same level of attenuation in the solvent and in the CBS.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Vincent, “Optical limiting with carbon suspensions at selected wavelengths and pulse lengths,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 9, 243–259 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Mansour, M. J. Soileau, E. W. van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical properties of carbon-black suspensions (ink),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100–1109 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, M. J. Soileau, “Optical limiting in media with absorbing microparticles,” in Materials for Optical Switches, Isolators and Limiters, M. J. Soileau, ed., Proc. SPIE1105, 91–102 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Xia, A. Dogariu, K. Mansour, D. J. Hagan, A. A. Said, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Shi, “Nonlinear response and optical limiting in inorganic metal cluster Mo2Ag4S8(PPh3)4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1497–1501 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Vincent, “Optical limiting threshold in carbon suspensions and RSA materials,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6646–6653 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

D. Vincent, “Optical limiting with carbon suspensions at selected wavelengths and pulse lengths,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 9, 243–259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

F. Fougeanet, D. Riehl, “Investigation of optical limiting mechanisms in carbon-black suspensions,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 435–446 (1999).

1998 (3)

1992 (1)

Becker, R.

Brodeur, A.

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clements, A.

Dogariu, A.

Durand, O.

Fougeanet, F.

F. Fougeanet, D. Riehl, “Investigation of optical limiting mechanisms in carbon-black suspensions,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 435–446 (1999).

Frey, R.

Frysinger, G. S.

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

Goedert, R.

Grolier-Mazza, V.

Hagan, D. J.

James, D. B.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” in Nonlinear Optical Liquids for Power Limiting and Imaging, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3472, 42–52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mansour, K.

McEwan, K. J.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” in Nonlinear Optical Liquids for Power Limiting and Imaging, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3472, 42–52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Milsom, P. K.

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” in Nonlinear Optical Liquids for Power Limiting and Imaging, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3472, 42–52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nashold, K. M.

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

Petit, S.

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Riehl, D.

F. Fougeanet, D. Riehl, “Investigation of optical limiting mechanisms in carbon-black suspensions,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 435–446 (1999).

Said, A. A.

Sharpless, R. L.

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

Shi, S.

Soileau, M. J.

K. Mansour, M. J. Soileau, E. W. van Stryland, “Nonlinear optical properties of carbon-black suspensions (ink),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100–1109 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, M. J. Soileau, “Optical limiting in media with absorbing microparticles,” in Materials for Optical Switches, Isolators and Limiters, M. J. Soileau, ed., Proc. SPIE1105, 91–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vincent, D.

D. Vincent, “Optical limiting threshold in carbon suspensions and RSA materials,” Appl. Opt. 40, 6646–6653 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Vincent, “Optical limiting with carbon suspensions at selected wavelengths and pulse lengths,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 9, 243–259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Voss, J. M.

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

Walter, D. P.

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

Whittaker, T.

Xia, T.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (2)

D. Vincent, “Optical limiting with carbon suspensions at selected wavelengths and pulse lengths,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 9, 243–259 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, A. Brodeur, S. Petit, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Filamentation and supercontinuum generation during the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in optical media (white light laser),” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 121–146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nonlinear Opt. (2)

K. M. Nashold, D. P. Walter, J. M. Voss, G. S. Frysinger, R. L. Sharpless, “Comparing the scattering process in particle suspensions in liquids and gases for use as optical limiters,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 353–376 (1999).

F. Fougeanet, D. Riehl, “Investigation of optical limiting mechanisms in carbon-black suspensions,” Nonlinear Opt. 21, 435–446 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

K. Mansour, E. W. Van Stryland, M. J. Soileau, “Optical limiting in media with absorbing microparticles,” in Materials for Optical Switches, Isolators and Limiters, M. J. Soileau, ed., Proc. SPIE1105, 91–102 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. J. McEwan, P. K. Milsom, D. B. James, “Nonlinear optical effects in carbon suspensions,” in Nonlinear Optical Liquids for Power Limiting and Imaging, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3472, 42–52 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical arrangement to measure the nonlinear transmission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Nonlinear transmission of 10-ns pulses at 1064 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nonlinear transmission of 0.2-ns pulses at 800 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Nonlinear transmission of 0.3-ps pulses at 800 nm.

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