Abstract

Two compact, high-pulse-energy, injection-seeded, 30-Hz frequency-doubled Nd:YAG-laser-pumped Ti:sapphire lasers were developed and operated at infrared wavelengths of 867 and 900 nm. Beams with laser pulse energy >30 mJ at ultraviolet wavelengths of 289 and 300 nm were generated through a tripling of the frequencies of these Ti:sapphire lasers. This work is directed at the replacement of dye lasers for use in an airborne ozone differential absorption lidar system. The ultraviolet pulse energy at 289 and 300 nm had 27% and 31% absolute optical energy conversion efficiencies from input pulse energies at 867 and 900 nm, respectively.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, “Airborne lidar measurements of ozone and aerosols during PEM-West A and PEM-West B,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 355–358.
  3. J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 6–10, 1998, Annapolis, Md., U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Annapolis, Md., 1998), pp. 619–622.
  4. J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.
  5. A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.
  6. R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Salin, J. Squier, “Gain guiding in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1352–1354 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.
  10. G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator lasers”, Opt. Lett 15, 434–436 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).
  13. S. Ismail, E. Browell, “Airborne and spaceborne lidar measurements of water vapor profiles: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3603–3615 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator lasers”, Opt. Lett 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Antill, C. W.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Barnes, J. C.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 6–10, 1998, Annapolis, Md., U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Annapolis, Md., 1998), pp. 619–622.

Barnes, N. P.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brackett, V.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Browell, E.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Ismail, E. Browell, “Airborne and spaceborne lidar measurements of water vapor profiles: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3603–3615 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Browell, E. V.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, “Airborne lidar measurements of ozone and aerosols during PEM-West A and PEM-West B,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 355–358.

Brown, K. E.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Brunel, L.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.

Butler, C. F.

M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, “Airborne lidar measurements of ozone and aerosols during PEM-West A and PEM-West B,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 355–358.

Clayton, M.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, W. C.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Estable, F.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.

Fenn, M. A.

M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, “Airborne lidar measurements of ozone and aerosols during PEM-West A and PEM-West B,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 355–358.

Ferrare, R.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Finkelstein, N. D.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

Finsh, A.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

Grant, W. B.

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hall, W. M.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Hobbs, P. V.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, S.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Ismail, E. Browell, “Airborne and spaceborne lidar measurements of water vapor profiles: a sensitivity analysis,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3603–3615 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Jones, I. W.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Kooi, S.

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lempert, W. R.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

Little, A. D.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Luck, W. S.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Miles, R. B.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

Moore, A. S.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Mottay, E.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.

Moulton, P. F.

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator lasers”, Opt. Lett 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petway, L. B.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

Rines, G. A.

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator lasers”, Opt. Lett 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

Salin, F.

F. Salin, J. Squier, “Gain guiding in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1352–1354 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.

Squier, J.

Wang, L. G.

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, W. B. Grant, “Differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements from air and space,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 399–410 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. Barnes, N. P. Barnes, L. G. Wang, W. C. Edwards, “Injection seeding II: Ti:Al2O3 experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2684–2692 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

R. Ferrare, S. Ismail, E. Browell, V. Brackett, S. Kooi, M. Clayton, P. V. Hobbs, “Comparisons of LASE, aircraft, and satellite measurements of aerosol optical properties and water vapor during TARFOX,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9935–9947 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett (2)

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator lasers”, Opt. Lett 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman image,” Opt. Lett 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (6)

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:Sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics”, paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the 34th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 15–18 January, 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronoutics, New York, 1996).

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment”, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993) p. 294.

M. A. Fenn, E. V. Browell, C. F. Butler, “Airborne lidar measurements of ozone and aerosols during PEM-West A and PEM-West B,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 355–358.

J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Proceedings of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 6–10, 1998, Annapolis, Md., U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Annapolis, Md., 1998), pp. 619–622.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C, 1993), pp. 459–565.

A. S. Moore, K. E. Brown, W. M. Hall, J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, A. D. Little, W. S. Luck, I. W. Jones, C. W. Antill, E. V. Browell, S. Ismail, “Development of the Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE)–an advanced airborne DIAL instrument,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), July 22–26, 1996, Berlin, Germany, A. Ansmann, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 281–288.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Ti:sapphire layout for either an 867- or a 900-nm cavity. PB, Pellin Broca prism; SFG, single-frequency generation SHG, single-harmonic generation; THG, third-harmonic generation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ti:sapphire output energy and energy-conversion efficiency at 867 and 900 nm versus the 532-nm pump energy. Solid curves, output energy at 867 nm (solid squares) and 900 nm (open squares). Dashed curves, conversion efficiency from the 532 nm pump energy to 867 nm (solid circles) and 900 nm (open circles).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Doubled Ti:sapphire laser energy at 433.5 and 450 nm and energy-conversion efficiency versus the fundamental 867- and 900-nm laser energy. Solid curves, output energy at 433.5 nm (solid squares) and 450 nm (open squares). Dashed curves, conversion efficiency from the fundamentals to 433.5 nm (solid circles) and 450 nm (open circles).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

UV laser energy at 289 and 300 nm and energy-conversion efficiency versus the 867- and 900-nm Ti:sapphire output energy. Solid curves, output energy at 289 nm (solid squares) and 300 nm (open squares). Dashed curves, conversion efficiency from the fundamentals to 289 nm (solid circles) and 300 nm (open circles).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal profile of seeded and unseeded Ti:sapphire laser cavity at 900 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Wavelength spectra of Ti:sapphire laser resonator shown in Fig. 1 with and without injection seeding.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Near-field spatial profile of Ti:sapphire laser. This picture is taken at 100-mJ output energy of 867-nm laser beam. The effective diameter is 1.8 cm.

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