Abstract

Using a two-laser static tester, we measured the crystallization temperature and the thermal conductivity of a phase-change alloy thin film used in write-once–read-many media of optical data storage. The experimental technique, in general, and the calibration procedures, in particular, are described. The measurement results are used as entry points into numerical calculations that ultimately yield estimates of the material parameters. Valuable information about the dynamics of mark formation (i.e., localized crystallization) in amorphous phase-change alloy films is obtained from the observed variations of the sample reflectance under short-pulse and long-pulse recording conditions. The dependence of these reflectance variations on the laser pulse power has also been investigated.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Feinleib, “Rapid reversible light-induced crystallization of an amorphous semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 254–257 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. von Gutfeld, P. Chaudhari, “Laser writing and erasing on chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4688–4693 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).
  4. M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).
  5. T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).
  6. C. D. Eden, “Vanadium dioxide storage material,” Opt. Eng. 20, 377–378 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).
  8. M. Chen, V. Marrello, “Pulse width transfer function of tellurium-alloy disks,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 255–259 (1983).
  9. W.-Y. Lee, “Thin Te and Te alloy films for optical data storage,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 265–272 (1983).
  10. T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).
  11. N. Yamada, M. Takao, M. Takenaga, “Te-Ge-Sn-Au phase-change recording film for optical disk,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 79–85 (1986).
  12. Y.-C. Hsieh, M. Mansuripur, J. Volkmer, A. Brewen, “Measurement of the thermal coefficients of nonreversible phase-change optical recording films,” Appl. Opt. 36, 866–872 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Mansuripur, J. K. Erwin, W. Bletscher, P. K. Khulbe, K. Sadeghi, X. Xun, A. Gupta, S. B. Mendes, “Static tester for characterization of phase-change, dye polymer, and magneto-optical media for optical data storage,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7095–7104 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Measurement of the thermal conductivity of erasable phase-change optical recording media,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2347–2352 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. TEMPROFILE is a product of MM Research, Inc., Tucson, Arizona. The theoretical basis of the program is described in M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, J. W. Goodman, “Laser-induced local heating of multilayers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1106–1114 (1982).
  16. P. K. Khulbe, T. Hurst, M. Mansuripur, “Temperature-dependence of optical constants in phase-change media,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 121–123 (2002).

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1981 (1)

C. D. Eden, “Vanadium dioxide storage material,” Opt. Eng. 20, 377–378 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

R. J. von Gutfeld, P. Chaudhari, “Laser writing and erasing on chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4688–4693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. Feinleib, “Rapid reversible light-induced crystallization of an amorphous semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 254–257 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Akahira, N.

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

Akiyama, T.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Bletscher, W.

Brewen, A.

Chaudhari, P.

R. J. von Gutfeld, P. Chaudhari, “Laser writing and erasing on chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4688–4693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

M. Chen, V. Marrello, “Pulse width transfer function of tellurium-alloy disks,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 255–259 (1983).

Eden, C. D.

C. D. Eden, “Vanadium dioxide storage material,” Opt. Eng. 20, 377–378 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Erwin, J. K.

Feinleib, J.

J. Feinleib, “Rapid reversible light-induced crystallization of an amorphous semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 254–257 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, S.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Gupta, A.

Horigome, S.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Hsieh, Y.-C.

Hurst, T.

P. K. Khulbe, T. Hurst, M. Mansuripur, “Temperature-dependence of optical constants in phase-change media,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 121–123 (2002).

Inoue, K.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Kaku, T.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Kashihara, T.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

Khulbe, P. K.

M. Mansuripur, J. K. Erwin, W. Bletscher, P. K. Khulbe, K. Sadeghi, X. Xun, A. Gupta, S. B. Mendes, “Static tester for characterization of phase-change, dye polymer, and magneto-optical media for optical data storage,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7095–7104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Khulbe, T. Hurst, M. Mansuripur, “Temperature-dependence of optical constants in phase-change media,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 121–123 (2002).

Kimura, K.

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

Kotera, K.

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Lee, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Lee, “Thin Te and Te alloy films for optical data storage,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 265–272 (1983).

Mansuripur, M.

Marrello, V.

M. Chen, V. Marrello, “Pulse width transfer function of tellurium-alloy disks,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 255–259 (1983).

Mendes, S. B.

Miyauchi, Y.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Nagashima, M.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

Nakamura, S.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Nishida, T.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Nishiuchi, K.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

Ohara, S.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

Ohta, N.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Ohta, T.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

Peng, C.

Sadeghi, K.

Takao, M.

N. Yamada, M. Takao, M. Takenaga, “Te-Ge-Sn-Au phase-change recording film for optical disk,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 79–85 (1986).

Takenaga, M.

N. Yamada, M. Takao, M. Takenaga, “Te-Ge-Sn-Au phase-change recording film for optical disk,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 79–85 (1986).

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

Terao, M.

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

Uchida, M.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Volkmer, J.

von Gutfeld, R. J.

R. J. von Gutfeld, P. Chaudhari, “Laser writing and erasing on chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4688–4693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Xun, X.

Yamada, N.

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

N. Yamada, M. Takao, M. Takenaga, “Te-Ge-Sn-Au phase-change recording film for optical disk,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 79–85 (1986).

Yamashita, T.

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

Yoshioka, K.

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Feinleib, “Rapid reversible light-induced crystallization of an amorphous semiconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 254–257 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. J. von Gutfeld, P. Chaudhari, “Laser writing and erasing on chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 4688–4693 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. D. Eden, “Vanadium dioxide storage material,” Opt. Eng. 20, 377–378 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

N. Akahira, T. Ohta, N. Yamada, M. Takenaga, T. Yamashita, “Sub-oxide thin films for an optical recording disk,” in Optical Disk Technology, R. A. Sprague, ed., Proc. SPIE329, 195–201 (1982).

M. Chen, V. Marrello, “Pulse width transfer function of tellurium-alloy disks,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 255–259 (1983).

W.-Y. Lee, “Thin Te and Te alloy films for optical data storage,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 265–272 (1983).

T. Ohta, K. Kotera, K. Kimura, N. Akahira, M. Takenaga, “New write-once media based on Te-TeO2 for optical disks,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 2–9 (1986).

N. Yamada, M. Takao, M. Takenaga, “Te-Ge-Sn-Au phase-change recording film for optical disk,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 79–85 (1986).

TEMPROFILE is a product of MM Research, Inc., Tucson, Arizona. The theoretical basis of the program is described in M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, J. W. Goodman, “Laser-induced local heating of multilayers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1106–1114 (1982).

P. K. Khulbe, T. Hurst, M. Mansuripur, “Temperature-dependence of optical constants in phase-change media,” in Optical Data Storage 2001, T. Hurst, S. Kobayashi, eds., Proc. SPIE4342, 121–123 (2002).

M. Takenaga, N. Yamada, S. Ohara, K. Nishiuchi, M. Nagashima, T. Kashihara, S. Nakamura, T. Yamashita, “New optical erasable medium using tellurium suboxide thin film,” in Optical Storage Media, A. E. Bell, A. A. Jamberdino, eds., Proc. SPIE420, 173–177 (1983).

M. Terao, T. Nishida, Y. Miyauchi, S. Horigome, T. Kaku, N. Ohta, “In-Se based phase-change reversible optical recording film,” in Optical Mass Data Storage II, R. P. Freese, A. A. Jamberdino, M. R. de Haan, eds., Proc. SPIE695, 105–109 (1986).

T. Ohta, M. Uchida, K. Yoshioka, K. Inoue, T. Akiyama, S. Furukawa, K. Kotera, S. Nakamura, “Million cycle overwritable phase-change optical disk media,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., Proc. SPIE1078, 27–34 (1989).

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