Abstract

We discuss the appearance of systematic spatial and spectral patterns of noise in remotely sensed images as well as the possibility of mitigating the effects of these patterns on the data. We describe the structure of two simple theoretical models that predict the appearance of patterns of noise (mainly stripe noise). Moreover, two new algorithms that have been specifically developed to mitigate the noise patterns are described. The performance of the two algorithms is assessed by use of some hyperspectral images acquired by different kinds of airborne sensor. The algorithms show an unexpected ability to reject these noise patterns.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “Environmental monitoring of the Venice lagoon using MIVIS data,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’97, T. I. Stein, ed. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), Vol. II, pp. 888–890.
  2. A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “The airborne VIRS for monitoring of the environment,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisada, ed., Proc. SPIE3221, 437–446 (1998).
  3. P. J. Curran, J. L. Dungan, “Estimation of signal-to-noise: a new procedure applied to AVIRIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 620–628 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. A. Schowengerdt, Techniques for Image Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1983).
  6. M. Cantella, “Staring-sensor systems,” in Passive Electro-Optical Systems, S. B. Campana, ed., Vol. 5 of The Infrared & Electro-Optical Systems Handbook (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 157–207.
  7. J. Nieke, M. Solbrig, A. Neumann, “Noise contributions for imaging spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5191–5194 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Watson, “Processing remote sensing images using the 2-D FFT-noise reduction and other applications,” Geophysics 58, 835–852 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Wan, Y. Zhang, X. Ma, M. D. King, J. S. Myers, X. Li, “Vicarious calibration of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Airborne Simulator thermal-infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6294–6306 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1993 (1)

K. Watson, “Processing remote sensing images using the 2-D FFT-noise reduction and other applications,” Geophysics 58, 835–852 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. J. Curran, J. L. Dungan, “Estimation of signal-to-noise: a new procedure applied to AVIRIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 620–628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barducci, A.

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “The airborne VIRS for monitoring of the environment,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisada, ed., Proc. SPIE3221, 437–446 (1998).

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “Environmental monitoring of the Venice lagoon using MIVIS data,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’97, T. I. Stein, ed. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), Vol. II, pp. 888–890.

Cantella, M.

M. Cantella, “Staring-sensor systems,” in Passive Electro-Optical Systems, S. B. Campana, ed., Vol. 5 of The Infrared & Electro-Optical Systems Handbook (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 157–207.

Curran, P. J.

P. J. Curran, J. L. Dungan, “Estimation of signal-to-noise: a new procedure applied to AVIRIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 620–628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dungan, J. L.

P. J. Curran, J. L. Dungan, “Estimation of signal-to-noise: a new procedure applied to AVIRIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 620–628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. F.

M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

Li, X.

Lomheim, T. S.

M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

Myers, J. S.

Nelson, M. D.

M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, A.

Nieke, J.

Pippi, I.

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “The airborne VIRS for monitoring of the environment,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisada, ed., Proc. SPIE3221, 437–446 (1998).

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “Environmental monitoring of the Venice lagoon using MIVIS data,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’97, T. I. Stein, ed. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), Vol. II, pp. 888–890.

Schowengerdt, R. A.

R. A. Schowengerdt, Techniques for Image Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1983).

Solbrig, M.

Wan, Z.

Watson, K.

K. Watson, “Processing remote sensing images using the 2-D FFT-noise reduction and other applications,” Geophysics 58, 835–852 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Geophysics (1)

K. Watson, “Processing remote sensing images using the 2-D FFT-noise reduction and other applications,” Geophysics 58, 835–852 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

P. J. Curran, J. L. Dungan, “Estimation of signal-to-noise: a new procedure applied to AVIRIS data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 27, 620–628 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. D. Nelson, J. F. Johnson, T. S. Lomheim, “General noise processes in hybrid infrared focal plane arrays,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1682–1699 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. A. Schowengerdt, Techniques for Image Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1983).

M. Cantella, “Staring-sensor systems,” in Passive Electro-Optical Systems, S. B. Campana, ed., Vol. 5 of The Infrared & Electro-Optical Systems Handbook (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 157–207.

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “Environmental monitoring of the Venice lagoon using MIVIS data,” in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium IGARSS ’97, T. I. Stein, ed. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1997), Vol. II, pp. 888–890.

A. Barducci, I. Pippi, “The airborne VIRS for monitoring of the environment,” in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites, H. Fujisada, ed., Proc. SPIE3221, 437–446 (1998).

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