Abstract

Reverse saturable absorption and fluorescence in liquid solutions of mesoionic compounds are reported. Intensity-dependent transmittance and anti-Stokes fluorescence were observed when the samples were excited with radiation at 532 nm. The results are attributed to excited-state absorption, and the process is understood based on quantum-chemistry calculations that allow the energy levels that correspond to the relevant transitions to be located. A phenomenological description of the nonlinear beam propagation inside the samples is presented, and the nonlinear absorption coefficient as well as the saturation intensity is determined.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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