Abstract

The optical-limiting performances for four pentaazadentate metal complexes in tetrahydrofuran have been measured at 532 nm for 35-ps pulses, in which reverse saturable absorption from the singlet–singlet excited states should be responsible for the limiting mechanism. The excited-state parameters are calculated according to a six-level model. The limiting threshold at T/ T 0 = 0.5 is 44 mJ/cm2, and the throughput is limited to 27 mJ/cm2 as incident fluence reaches 0.35 J/cm2 for carboxyl pentaazadentate cadmium. The limiting thresholds and the throughput values are strongly influenced by peripheral substituents and central metal ions of the complexes.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Sun, D. Wang “Excited-state properties of asymmetric pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins,” Sci. China B 39, 509–518 (1996).
  2. D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).
  4. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, I. Choong, “Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines,” Opt. Lett. 19, 625–627 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
    [Crossref]

1999 (1)

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

1998 (1)

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

W. Sun, D. Wang “Excited-state properties of asymmetric pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins,” Sci. China B 39, 509–518 (1996).

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alvarez, D.

Bartoli, F.

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

Byeon, C. C.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Choong, I.

Coulter, D. R.

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Dong, S.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gray, G. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hagan, D. J.

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lawson, C. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mansour, K.

Marder, S. R.

McKerns, M. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, I. Choong, “Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines,” Opt. Lett. 19, 625–627 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Perry, K. J.

Pong, R.

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sence, M. J.

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shirk, J.

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Snow, A.

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, D. Wang “Excited-state properties of asymmetric pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins,” Sci. China B 39, 509–518 (1996).

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sun, Wenfang

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

Van Stryland, E. W.

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, D. Wang “Excited-state properties of asymmetric pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins,” Sci. China B 39, 509–518 (1996).

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wei, T. H.

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Xia, Z.

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

Yang, M.

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

Zou, Y.

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. Van Stryland, J. W. Perry, D. R. Coulter, “Direct measurements of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocynines,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 46–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Shirk, R. Pong, F. Bartoli, A. Snow, “Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1880–1882 (1993).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Chem. Phys. (1)

Wenfang Sun, D. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Xia, Y. Zou, “Optical Kerr effect for asymmetric pentaazadentate macrocyclic metal complexes,” Chin. J. Chem. Phys. 12, 543–547 (1999).

MRS Symp. Proc. (1)

D. Wang, W. Sun, S. Dong, J. Si, C. Li, “Nonlinear optical properties of pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins and application in optical limiting,” MRS Symp. Proc. 479, 41–46 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Si, M. Yang, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, C. Li, D. Wang, S. Dong, W. Sun, “Nonlinear absorption in metallo-porphyrin-like,” Opt. Commun. 109, 487–491 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. China B (1)

W. Sun, D. Wang “Excited-state properties of asymmetric pentaazadentate expanded porphyrins,” Sci. China B 39, 509–518 (1996).

Other (1)

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, G. M. Gray, “Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl,” in Power Limiting Materials and Devices, C. M. Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE3798, 107–116 (1999).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structures of four PMC’s.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance response versus laser incident fluence at 532 nm for 35-ps pulses for [(PMCCOOH)Cd]Cl in THF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of output and input fluences for 35-ps pulses for [(PMC-COOH)Cd]Cl, [(PMC-COOH)In]2Cl, and [(PMC-COOH)Pb]Cl in THF.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photophysical Properties of PMC’s in Solution

Tables Icon

Table 2 Excited-State Parameters of the [(PMC-COOH)Cd]Cl in Solution

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