Abstract

Diode-laser absorption tomography is described with which the spatial temperature and the atomic number density distribution of a 3-kW class arcjet can be derived simultaneously by reconstruction of the absorption coefficient field of the arcjet’s argon exhaust plume. One can perform various parameter measurements by changing the arcjet’s mass-flow rates and discharge currents. The maximum temperature and atomic number density increase with the mass-flow rate and the discharge current. The trend for increase is not always found for a specific input power, although at a fixed mass-flow rate the power increases at that rate.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. G. Liebeskind, H. K. Hanson, M. A. Cappelli, “Laser-induced fluorescence diagnostic for temperature and velocity measurements in a hydrogen arcjet plume,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6117–6227 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).
  4. E. Tosti, W. D. Deininger, “Plume analysis of A 10 Kwe/N arcjet using emission spectroscopy,” paper IEPC-91-092, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).
  5. F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).
  6. J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, Hydrogen arcjet technology, paper IEPC-91-018, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).
  7. C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).
  8. H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).
  9. M. A. Cappelli, P. V. Storm, “Interrior plasma diagnostics of arcjet thrusters,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1070–1076 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Y. Jiang, J. P. Sislian, “Velocity and density measurements in supersonic high-temperature exhaust plumes,” AIAA J. 36, 1216–1222 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Y. Zhang, K. Komurasaki, T. Iida, T. Fujiwara, “Diagnostics of an argon arcjet plume with a diode laser,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1814–1822 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. P. Arroyo, S. Langlogis, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser absorption technique for simultaneous measurement of multiple gasdynamic parameters in high-speed flows containing water vapor,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3296–3370 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region: linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. B. Chung, F. C. Gouldin, G. J. Wolga, “Experimental reconstruction of the spatial density distribution of a nonreacting flow with a small number of absorption measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5492–5500 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).
  17. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed (Gordon & Breach, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 562–574.
  18. F. Y. Zhang, “Simultaneous measurements of state parameters in hypersonic flows using diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Microsystem Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, 1998).
  19. M. G. Mellon, Analytical Absorption Spectroscopy (Absorptimetry and Colorimetry) (Wiley, New York, 1965), pp. 78–98.
  20. Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.
  21. W. Lochte-Holtgreven, Plasma Diagnostics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1968), pp. 9–65.
  22. A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York, 1987), pp. 56–77.
  23. L. A. Shepp, B. F. Logan, “The Fourier reconstruction of a head section,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-21, 21–39 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

L. Y. Jiang, J. P. Sislian, “Velocity and density measurements in supersonic high-temperature exhaust plumes,” AIAA J. 36, 1216–1222 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Cappelli, P. V. Storm, “Interrior plasma diagnostics of arcjet thrusters,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1070–1076 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region: linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

L. A. Shepp, B. F. Logan, “The Fourier reconstruction of a head section,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-21, 21–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Allen, M. G.

W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).

Arroyo, M. P.

Auweter-Kurtz, M.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Browell, E. V.

B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region: linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cappelli, M. A.

Chung, K. B.

Deininger, W. D.

E. Tosti, W. D. Deininger, “Plume analysis of A 10 Kwe/N arcjet using emission spectroscopy,” paper IEPC-91-092, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed (Gordon & Breach, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 562–574.

Fletcher, D. G.

C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).

Foster, J. E.

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

Fujiwara, T.

Gallimore, A. D.

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

Glocker, B.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gokcen, T.

C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).

Gouldin, F. C.

Grossmann, B. E.

B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region: linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gulczinski, F. S.

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

Haag, T. W.

J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, Hydrogen arcjet technology, paper IEPC-91-018, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Hamley, J. A.

J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, Hydrogen arcjet technology, paper IEPC-91-018, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Hanson, H. K.

Hanson, R. K.

Hayes, W. D.

Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.

Iida, T.

Ishii, M.

T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Jiang, L. Y.

L. Y. Jiang, J. P. Sislian, “Velocity and density measurements in supersonic high-temperature exhaust plumes,” AIAA J. 36, 1216–1222 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kak, A. C.

A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York, 1987), pp. 56–77.

Kessler, W. J.

W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).

Kim, S. W.

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

King, L. B.

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

Komurasaki, K.

Kurtz, H. L.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kwoh, Y. S.

Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Langlogis, S.

Liebeskind, J. G.

Lo, E. Y.

W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).

Lochte-Holtgreven, W.

W. Lochte-Holtgreven, Plasma Diagnostics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1968), pp. 9–65.

Logan, B. F.

L. A. Shepp, B. F. Logan, “The Fourier reconstruction of a head section,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-21, 21–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mellon, M. G.

M. G. Mellon, Analytical Absorption Spectroscopy (Absorptimetry and Colorimetry) (Wiley, New York, 1965), pp. 78–98.

Messerschmid, E. W.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. F.

W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).

Newfield, M. E.

C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).

Nyden, M. R.

M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Onoe, K.

T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Park, C. S.

C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).

Probstein, R. F.

Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.

Raizer, Y. P.

Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.

Reed, I. S.

Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, M.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sankovic, J. M.

J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, Hydrogen arcjet technology, paper IEPC-91-018, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Shepp, L. A.

L. A. Shepp, B. F. Logan, “The Fourier reconstruction of a head section,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-21, 21–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sislian, J. P.

L. Y. Jiang, J. P. Sislian, “Velocity and density measurements in supersonic high-temperature exhaust plumes,” AIAA J. 36, 1216–1222 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sivathanu, Y. R.

M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Slaney, M.

A. C. Kak, M. Slaney, Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging (IEEE Press, New York, 1987), pp. 56–77.

Storm, P. V.

M. A. Cappelli, P. V. Storm, “Interrior plasma diagnostics of arcjet thrusters,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1070–1076 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tahara, H.

H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).

Tosti, E.

E. Tosti, W. D. Deininger, “Plume analysis of A 10 Kwe/N arcjet using emission spectroscopy,” paper IEPC-91-092, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Truong, T. K.

Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakishita, Y.

H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).

Tsuri, S.

T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Uda, N.

H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).

Uematsu, K.

T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

Vallikul, P.

M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wolga, G. J.

Yoshikawa, T.

T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).

Zel’dovich, Y. B.

Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.

Zhang, F. Y.

F. Y. Zhang, K. Komurasaki, T. Iida, T. Fujiwara, “Diagnostics of an argon arcjet plume with a diode laser,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1814–1822 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Zhang, “Simultaneous measurements of state parameters in hypersonic flows using diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Microsystem Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, 1998).

Zube, D. M.

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

L. Y. Jiang, J. P. Sislian, “Velocity and density measurements in supersonic high-temperature exhaust plumes,” AIAA J. 36, 1216–1222 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (2)

L. A. Shepp, B. F. Logan, “The Fourier reconstruction of a head section,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-21, 21–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Kwoh, I. S. Reed, T. K. Truong, “A generalized |ω|-filter for 3-D reconstruction,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-24, 1990–1998 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region: linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Propul. Power (2)

M. A. Cappelli, P. V. Storm, “Interrior plasma diagnostics of arcjet thrusters,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1070–1076 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Auweter-Kurtz, B. Glocker, H. L. Kurtz, E. W. Messerschmid, M. Riehle, D. M. Zube, “Arcjet thruster development,” J. Propul. Power 12, 1077–1083 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

M. R. Nyden, P. Vallikul, Y. R. Sivathanu, “Tomographic reconstruction of the moments of local probability density functions in turbulent flow fields,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 345–356 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, E. Y. Lo, M. F. Miller, “Tomographic reconstruction of air temperature and density profiles using tunable diode laser absorption measurements on O2,” AIAA paper 95-1953, presented at the 26th Plasmadynamics and Lasers Conference, San Diego, Calif., 19–22 June 1995 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1995).

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species, 2nd ed (Gordon & Breach, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 562–574.

F. Y. Zhang, “Simultaneous measurements of state parameters in hypersonic flows using diode-laser absorption spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Department of Microsystem Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, 1998).

M. G. Mellon, Analytical Absorption Spectroscopy (Absorptimetry and Colorimetry) (Wiley, New York, 1965), pp. 78–98.

Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.

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T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” paper IEPC-9-043, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

E. Tosti, W. D. Deininger, “Plume analysis of A 10 Kwe/N arcjet using emission spectroscopy,” paper IEPC-91-092, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

F. S. Gulczinski, L. B. King, J. E. Foster, S. W. Kim, A. D. Gallimore, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 KW Arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Indiana, 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1994).

J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, Hydrogen arcjet technology, paper IEPC-91-018, presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991 (ETS Editrice, Pisa, Italy, 1992).

C. S. Park, M. E. Newfield, D. G. Fletcher, T. Gokcen, “Spectroscopic measurements of the flows in an arc-jet facility,” AIAA paper 98-0893, presented at the 36th Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit and 1998 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, Reno, Nevada, 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1998).

H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” IEPC paper IEPC-93-133, presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Wash., 13–16 September 1993 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1993).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-sectional view of the arcjet.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-sectional view of the stack for projections.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relations of projections and Fourier transforms.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of true data with reconstructed data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Flow chart of the measurement process.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temperature and atomic number density with a fixed mass-flow rate of 0.12 g/s at 1.5 mm from the exit plane.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Temperature and atomic number density distribution with fixed discharge currents of 140 A at 1.5 mm from the exit plane.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Maximum temperature and atomic number density of the plume with a specific input power.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Maximum temperature and atomic number density for different axial locations.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Dimension of Arcjet

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Table 2 Specific Input Power (MJ/kg)

Equations (24)

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ΔI/I0=1-exp-0L κνT, xdx,
κν=hνc φνniBij-njBji=hνc φνniBij1-njBjiniBij.
ni=ngiUTexp-EiκT,
nj=ngjUTexp-EjκT,
gjBji=giBij
κν=hνc φνniBij1-exp-hνκT,
Bij=πe2mhν fij.
κν=πe2mc φνnifij,
gν=gDν=2ΔνDln 2/πexp-4 ln 2 ν-ν02ΔνD2.
ΔνD=2ν0c2 ln 2κTm1/2,
ϕν0=gDν0=2ln 2/π ΔνD,
κν0=2ΔνDln 2ππe2mc nifij.
-lnII0=pr, θ=- κνx, yds=- κνr, sds.
PR, θ=- pr, θexp-i2πRrdr=-- κνx, yexp-i2πRrdrds,
Ku, ν=-- κνx, yexp-2πiux+νydxdy;
κνx, y=-- Ku, νexp[2πiux+νy)dudν=0π- KR cos θ, R sin θ×exp2πiRr|R|dRdθ.
KR cos θ, R sin θ=PR, θ.
κνx, y=0π- PR, θexp2πiRr|R|dRdθ.
κνx, y=12π0π- ps, θφr-sdsdθ,
κνx, y=a2Nj=1Nk=1M prk, θjφx cos θj+y sin θj-rk,
θj=j-1π/N, rk=ka.
pr, θ=0.15 exp-r2152.
pr, 0=lnI0-ΔI/I0.
Qin=I×U/m˙,

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