Abstract

It is shown that three optical parameters that are necessary for stress computation in integrated photoelasticity can be measured with high accuracy by use of a Fourier polarimetry method. Inasmuch as a photoelastic sample, which is an object of investigation in integrated photoelasticity, is a kind of an elliptic retarder, the technique presented here measures relative retardation δ, azimuth angle θ, and ellipticity angle ∊ instead of the characteristic parameters that traditionally have been used in integrated photoelasticity. The ability of the new technique to provide better accuracy with a simpler setup has been proved experimentally. Furthermore, the technique is self-contained as for phase measurement; i.e., it automatically performs phase unwrapping at the points where phase data exceed the value of π. The full value of a phase at a certain point is retrieved by processing of π-modulo phase data that have been precisely measured at several wavelengths. The usefulness of the new method for integrated photoelasticity has been demonstrated through measurement of a diametrically compressed disk viewed at oblique light incidence.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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