Abstract

Silver halide sensitized gelatin (SHSG) holograms are similar to holograms recorded in dichromated gelatin (DCG), the main recording material for holographic optical elements (HOE’s). The drawback of DCG is its low sensitivity and limited spectral response. Silver halide materials can be processed in such a way that the final hologram will have properties like a DCG hologram. Recently this technique has become more interesting since the introduction of new ultra-high-resolution silver halide emulsions. An optimized processing technique for transmission HOE’s recorded in these materials is introduced. Diffraction efficiencies over 90% can be obtained for transmissive diffraction gratings. Understanding the importance of the selective hardening process has made it possible to obtain results similar to conventional DCG processing. The main advantage of the SHSG process is that high-sensitivity recording can be performed with laser wavelengths anywhere within the visible spectrum. This simplifies the manufacturing of high-quality, large-format HOE’s.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  2. R. Bierenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 28–30 (1998).
  3. H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing, Vol. 66 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993), pp. 252–262.
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    [CrossRef]
  5. W. R. Graver, J. W. Gladden, J. W. Eastes, “Phase holograms formed by silver halide (sensitized) gelatin processing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1529–1536 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. SPIE215, 172–177 (1980).
  7. A. Fimia, M. Pardo, J. A. Quintana, “Noise reduction in holographic images reconstructed with blue light,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3318 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).
  9. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).
  10. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).
  11. S. A. Benton, “Photographic materials and their handling,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979) Chap. 9, pp. 349–366.
  12. R. A. Ferrante, “Silver halide gelatin spatial frequency response,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4180–4181 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Hariharan, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms: mechanism of hologram formation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2040–2042 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. G. Tull, “Tanning development and its application to dye transfer images,” J. Photogr. Sci. 11, 1–26 (1963).
  15. D. K. Angell, “Improved diffraction efficiency of silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4692–4702 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. K. Angell, “Controlling emulsion thickness variations in silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. SPIE883, 106–113 (1988).
  17. V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holographic Techniques and Applications, W. P. O. Jüptner, ed., Proc. SPIE1026, 55–61 (1988).
  18. V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).
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  20. V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).
  22. Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).
  23. Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).
  24. Yu. E. Usanov and M. K. Shevtsov, “The volume reflection SHG holograms: principles and mechanism of microcavity structure formation,” in Holographic Imaging and Materials, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE2043, 52–56 (1994).
  25. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  26. E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991).
  28. I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).
  29. A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994).
  34. A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  35. A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  36. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  37. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  38. A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999).
  39. C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  40. C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  41. N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).
  42. Lord Rayleigh, “On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour,” Phil. Mag. 41, 107–279 (1871).

2000

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

1990

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).

1987

1986

1984

1983

1980

1971

K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1963

A. G. Tull, “Tanning development and its application to dye transfer images,” J. Photogr. Sci. 11, 1–26 (1963).

1871

Lord Rayleigh, “On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour,” Phil. Mag. 41, 107–279 (1871).

Amitai, Y.

V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).

Angell, D. K.

D. K. Angell, “Improved diffraction efficiency of silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4692–4702 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Angell, “Controlling emulsion thickness variations in silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. SPIE883, 106–113 (1988).

Barnett, C. A.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Beléndez, A.

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994).

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999).

Benton, S. A.

S. A. Benton, “Photographic materials and their handling,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979) Chap. 9, pp. 349–366.

Bierenheide, R.

R. Bierenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 28–30 (1998).

Bjelkhagen, H. I.

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing, Vol. 66 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993), pp. 252–262.

Boj, P. G.

P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).

Carretero, L.

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994).

Chang, B. J.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. SPIE215, 172–177 (1980).

Coleman, Z. A.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Cooke, D. J.

Eastes, J. W.

Ferrante, R. A.

Fimia, A.

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

A. Fimia, M. Pardo, J. A. Quintana, “Noise reduction in holographic images reconstructed with blue light,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3318 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994).

P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).

Flores, M.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Friesem, A. A.

V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).

Fuentes, R.

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gladden, J. W.

Graver, W. R.

Hare, T.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Hariharan, P.

Harper, J. S.

K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Heyworth, H.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Kavehrad, M.

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kirienko, E. A.

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

Kosobokova, N. L.

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

Kumonko, P. I.

Yu. A. Sazonov, P. I. Kumonko, “Holographic materials produced by the Micron plant at Slavich,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 31–40 (1998).

Laming, F. P.

K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Millul, E.

V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holographic Techniques and Applications, W. P. O. Jüptner, ed., Proc. SPIE1026, 55–61 (1988).

Neipp, C.

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999).

Pardo, M.

Pascual, I.

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999).

Pennington, K. S.

K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, N. J.

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Quintana, J. A.

A. Fimia, M. Pardo, J. A. Quintana, “Noise reduction in holographic images reconstructed with blue light,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3318 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).

Rallison, R. D.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Rayleigh, Lord

Lord Rayleigh, “On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour,” Phil. Mag. 41, 107–279 (1871).

Sazonov, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Sazonov, P. I. Kumonko, “Holographic materials produced by the Micron plant at Slavich,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 31–40 (1998).

Schicker, S. R.

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Shevtsov, M. K.

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).

Simova, E. S.

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tull, A. G.

A. G. Tull, “Tanning development and its application to dye transfer images,” J. Photogr. Sci. 11, 1–26 (1963).

Usanov, Yu. E.

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).

Usanov and M. K. Shevtsov, Yu. E.

Yu. E. Usanov and M. K. Shevtsov, “The volume reflection SHG holograms: principles and mechanism of microcavity structure formation,” in Holographic Imaging and Materials, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE2043, 52–56 (1994).

Vázquez, C.

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).

Ward, A. A.

Weiss, V.

V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holographic Techniques and Applications, W. P. O. Jüptner, ed., Proc. SPIE1026, 55–61 (1988).

V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).

Winick, K.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. SPIE215, 172–177 (1980).

Appl. Opt.

W. R. Graver, J. W. Gladden, J. W. Eastes, “Phase holograms formed by silver halide (sensitized) gelatin processing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1529–1536 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection-hologram processing for high efficiency in silver-halide emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ferrante, “Silver halide gelatin spatial frequency response,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4180–4181 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Angell, “Improved diffraction efficiency of silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4692–4702 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Silver-halide sensitized gelatin derived from Agfa-Gevaert holographic plates,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1875–1879 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from BB-640 holographic emulsion,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1348–1356 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, M. Pardo, J. A. Quintana, “Noise reduction in holographic images reconstructed with blue light,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3318 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hariharan, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms: mechanism of hologram formation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2040–2042 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Influence of R-10 bleaching on latent image formation in silver halide-sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3203–3205 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Optimized spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 31, 4625–4627 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. S. Pennington, J. S. Harper, F. P. Laming, “New phototechnology suitable for recording phase holograms and similar information in hardened gelatin,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 80–84 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

A. Fimia, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “Silver halide (sensitized) gelatin in Agfa-Gevaert plates: the optimized process,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 2043–2045 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Diffuse-object holograms in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 649–653 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, M. Flores, I. Pascual, “High-efficiency silver-halide sensitized gelatin holograms with low absorption and scatter,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1985–1992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.

V. Weiss, A. A. Friesem, “Storage mechanism of volume phase holograms recorded in silver halide emulsions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 11, 2004–2010 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Photogr. Sci.

A. G. Tull, “Tanning development and its application to dye transfer images,” J. Photogr. Sci. 11, 1–26 (1963).

N. J. Phillips, H. Heyworth, T. Hare, “On Lippmann’s photography,” J. Photogr. Sci. 32, 158–169 (1984).

Opt. Appl.

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Appl. 21, 239–244 (1991).

Opt. Commun.

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Improved spatial frequency response in silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms,” Opt. Commun. 155, 241–244 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, “The influence of the development in silver halide sensitized gelatin derived from PFG-01 plates,” Opt. Commun. 173, 161–167 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, R. Fuentes, A. Beléndez, “Noise sources in silver halide volume diffuse-object holograms,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1108–1115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Simova, M. Kavehrad, “Holographic 4 × 4 star coupler in silver-halide sensitized gelatin,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2233–2239 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol.

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic recording material,” Opt. Laser Technol. 27, 285–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR)

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, “Principles of fabricating micropore silver-halide-gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 112–114 (1990).

Yu. E. Usanov, M. K. Shevtsov, N. L. Kosobokova, E. A. Kirienko, “Mechanism for forming a microvoid structure and methods for obtaining silver-halide gelatin holograms,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 71, 375–379 (1991).

Phil. Mag.

Lord Rayleigh, “On the light from the sky, its polarization and colour,” Phil. Mag. 41, 107–279 (1871).

Other

Yu. E. Usanov and M. K. Shevtsov, “The volume reflection SHG holograms: principles and mechanism of microcavity structure formation,” in Holographic Imaging and Materials, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE2043, 52–56 (1994).

I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, A. Fimia, “Reflection holographic optical elements in silver halide sensitized gelatin,” in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak, M. Zajac, eds., Proc. SPIE1574, 72–76 (1991).

N. J. Phillips, R. D. Rallison, C. A. Barnett, S. R. Schicker, Z. A. Coleman, “Dichromated gelatin—some heretical comments,” in Practical Holography VII: Imaging and Materials, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1914, 101–114 (1993).

Yu. A. Sazonov, P. I. Kumonko, “Holographic materials produced by the Micron plant at Slavich,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 31–40 (1998).

R. Bierenheide, “BB emulsion series: current standings and future developments,” in Sixth International Symposium on Display Holography, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE3358, 28–30 (1998).

H. I. Bjelkhagen, Silver Halide Recording Materials for Holography and Their Processing, Vol. 66 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993), pp. 252–262.

D. K. Angell, “Controlling emulsion thickness variations in silver halide (sensitized) gelatin,” in Holographic Optics: Design and Applications, I. Cindrich, ed., Proc. SPIE883, 106–113 (1988).

V. Weiss, E. Millul, “Bleached silver halide holographic recording materials,” in Holographic Techniques and Applications, W. P. O. Jüptner, ed., Proc. SPIE1026, 55–61 (1988).

V. Weiss, Y. Amitai, A. A. Friesem, E. Millul, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holographic recording materials,” in Sixth Meeting in Israel on Optical Engineering, R. Finkler, J. Shamir, eds., Proc. SPIE1038, 110–114 (1988).

P. G. Boj, A. Fimia, J. A. Quintana, “Silver-halide gelatin for the fabrication of holographic optical elements,” in Image Detection and Quality, L. F. Guyot, ed., Proc. SPIE702, 105–108 (1986).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, A. Beléndez, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin as a holographic storage medium,” in Laser Technologies in Industry, O. D. D. Soares, S. P. Almeida, eds., Proc. SPIE952, 288–291 (1988).

A. Fimia, I. Pascual, C. Vázquez, A. Beléndez, “Silver-halide sensitized holograms and their applications,” in Holographic Optics II: Principles and Applications, C. M. Morris, ed., Proc. SPIE1136, 53–57 (1989).

S. A. Benton, “Photographic materials and their handling,” in Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caulfield, ed. (Academic, New York, 1979) Chap. 9, pp. 349–366.

B. J. Chang, K. Winick, “Silver-halide gelatin holograms,” in Recent Advances in Holography, T. C. Lee, P. N. Tamura, eds., Proc. SPIE215, 172–177 (1980).

A. Fimia, L. Carretero, A. Beléndez, “Some remarks on noise sources in silver halide volume holograms,” in Practical Holography VIII, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE2176, 153–161 (1994).

A. Beléndez, C. Neipp, I. Pascual, “Silver halide sensitized gelatin holograms from BB-640 plates,” in Holographic Materials VI, J. Trout, ed., Proc. SPIE3638, 106–111 (1999).

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