Abstract

A tunable, lamp-pumped Cr3+:LiCaAlF6 laser that operates in the 760–800-nm wavelength range is demonstrated. As a passive Q switch the V3+:YAG crystal, characterized by wide saturable absorption in the 760–900-nm wavelength range, was applied. The V3+:YAG parameters were determined by spectroscopic and saturable transmission measurements. The 30-mJ output energy at 2-Hz repetition rate in the free-running regime was obtained in a cavity reinforced by a diaphragm near the fundamental mode. The dispersive prism inserted into the cavity enabled tuning in the 760–800-nm wavelength range. In the passive Q-switching regime we achieved greater than 1-mJ energy with 50-ns pulse duration in a 35-cm-long cavity. A numerical model that takes into account the short recovery time of V3+:YAG (∼5 ns) and excited-state absorption was used to analyze such a laser.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  41. Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
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2001 (1)

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

Z. Mierczyk, Z. Frukacz, “YAG:V3+ - new passive Q-switch for lasers generating radiation within the near infrared range,” Opto-Electronics Rev. 8, 67–74 (2000).

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spuhler, R. Pashotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 376–388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, “Unstable Cr:LiSAF laser resonator with a variable reflectivity output coupler,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3272–3275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, M. Richardson, “Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910–919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (6)

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, B. Braun, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, “Passively Q-switched 1.34-µm Nd:YVO4 microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 991–993 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

1995 (3)

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1971 (1)

M. J. Weber, L. A. Riseberg, “Optical spectra in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55, 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

Agnesi, A.

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

Allen, R.

Amand, T.

T. Amand, X Marie, “Pulsed semiconductor lasers,” in Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Principles and Experiments, C. Rulliere, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, “Transition metal solid-state lasers,” in Tunable Lasers Handbook, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Academic, New York, 1995).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P. A.

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Beaud, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, M. C. Richardson, “Gain properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1064–1068 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birnbaum, M.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bitz, G.

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, C. L.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Brun, A.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bugajski, M.

B. Mroziewicz, M. Bugajski, W. Nakwaski, Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Polish Scientific, Warsaw, 1991), Chaps. 4 and 5.

Burns, B.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Chai, B. H. T.

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Beaud, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, M. C. Richardson, “Gain properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1064–1068 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, B. H. T. Chai, P. N. Kean, G. J. Dixon, “Electronically tuned diode-laser-pumped Cr:LiSrGaF6 laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 43–45 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-F.

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Beaud, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, M. C. Richardson, “Gain properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1064–1068 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conroy, R. S.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Critten, M. P.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Czerny, P.

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels, W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1996), Chap. 5.

Dixon, G. J.

Druon, F.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eichenholz, J. M.

J. M. Eichenholz, M. Richardson, “Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910–919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

Evans, J. M.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Falcoz, F.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

French, P. M. W.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frukacz, Z.

Z. Mierczyk, Z. Frukacz, “YAG:V3+ - new passive Q-switch for lasers generating radiation within the near infrared range,” Opto-Electronics Rev. 8, 67–74 (2000).

Georges, P.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Guandalini, A.

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

Guy, S.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hercher, M.

Huang, M. F.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jabczynski, J. K.

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

Jelinkova, H.

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

G. J. Spuhler, R. Pashotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 376–388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Fluck, B. Braun, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, “Passively Q-switched 1.34-µm Nd:YVO4 microchip laser using semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 991–993 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kerboull, F.

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopczynski, K.

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Kuo, Y. K.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lacovera, P.

Lamb, K.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. H.

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, M.

Malyarevich, A. M.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Marie, X

T. Amand, X Marie, “Pulsed semiconductor lasers,” in Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Principles and Experiments, C. Rulliere, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

Mellish, R.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mierczyk, Z.

Z. Mierczyk, Z. Frukacz, “YAG:V3+ - new passive Q-switch for lasers generating radiation within the near infrared range,” Opto-Electronics Rev. 8, 67–74 (2000).

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Mikhailow, V. P.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morris, R. C.

Moser, M.

G. J. Spuhler, R. Pashotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 376–388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Mroziewicz, B.

B. Mroziewicz, M. Bugajski, W. Nakwaski, Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Polish Scientific, Warsaw, 1991), Chaps. 4 and 5.

Myers, J. F.

Nakwaski, W.

B. Mroziewicz, M. Bugajski, W. Nakwaski, Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Polish Scientific, Warsaw, 1991), Chaps. 4 and 5.

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pashotta, R.

Payne, S. A.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Philipps, J. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. F.

Posnov, N. N.

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Prasad, A.

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prokoshin, P. V.

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Prosnov, N. N.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G. C.

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

Richardson, M.

J. M. Eichenholz, M. Richardson, “Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910–919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M. C.

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Beaud, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, M. C. Richardson, “Gain properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1064–1068 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riseberg, L. A.

M. J. Weber, L. A. Riseberg, “Optical spectra in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55, 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A.

Ruan, S.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

J. C. Diels, W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1996), Chap. 5.

Sandulenko, V. A.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

Sauerbrey, R.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scheps, R.

Serreze, H. B.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsy, V. G.

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Shepherd, D. P.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Sinclair, B. D.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Skidmore, J. A.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Properties of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5535 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Spuhler, G. J.

Sutherland, J. M.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Szulc, J.

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Töpfer, T.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E.

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, L. A. Riseberg, “Optical spectra in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55, 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Weichman, L.

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, G.

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yelland, C.

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

Yumashev, K. V.

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

Zhang, G.

G. J. Spuhler, R. Pashotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 376–388 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, A. Prasad, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Broadly tunable femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhavoronkov, N. I.

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, R. S. Conroy, B. D. Sinclair, “V:YAG - a new passive Q-switch for diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 555–558 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, G. Zhang, M. Moser, M. A. Emanuel, R. J. Beach, J. A. Skidmore, U. Keller, “High-average-power diode-pumped femtosecond Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 235–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (10)

F. Balembois, F. Falcoz, F. Kerboull, F. Druon, P. Georges, A. Brun, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of small-signal gain for a diode-pumped Q-switched Cr:LiSAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 269–277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, J. H. Lim, E. Van Stryland, M. Bass, L. Weichman, “Z-scan measurement of the ground and excited state absorption cross section of Cr4+ in yttrium aluminum garnet,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1086–1091 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG up-conversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 901–908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, “Investigations of laser properties of Cr3+:LiSrGaF6,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612–2618 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, M. Richardson, “Measurement of thermal lensing in Cr3+-doped colquiriites,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910–919 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Beaud, M. C. Richardson, Y.-F. Chen, B. H. T. Chai, “Optical amplification characteristics of Cr:LiSAF and Cr:LiCAF under flashlamp pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1259–1266 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, “LiCaAlF6:Cr3+: a promising new solid-state laser materials,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243–2252 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, “Laser performance of LiSrAlF6:Cr3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1051–1055 (1989).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. N. Prosnov, V. P. Mikhailow, V. A. Sandulenko, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+ crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 4782–4788 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. J. Weber, L. A. Riseberg, “Optical spectra in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Chem. Phys. 55, 2032–2038 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. P. Critten, B. Burns, J. M. Evans, K. Lamb, C. Yelland, W. Sibbett, “All-solid-state femtosecond Cr3+:LiSAF lasers pumped at 532 nm and 670 nm,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 919–927 (1996).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. M. Sutherland, S. Ruan, R. Mellish, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, “Diode-pumped, single-frequency, Cr:LiSAF coupled-cavity microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 113, 458–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Knappe, G. Bitz, K.-J. Boller, R. Wallenstein, “Compact single-frequency diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Opt. Commun. 143, 42–46 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. A. Sandulenko, “Optical absorption and nonlinear transmission of tetrahedral V3+ (d2) in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Opt. Mater. 2, 267–272 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opto-Electronics Rev. (1)

Z. Mierczyk, Z. Frukacz, “YAG:V3+ - new passive Q-switch for lasers generating radiation within the near infrared range,” Opto-Electronics Rev. 8, 67–74 (2000).

Other (9)

J. K. Jabczyński, A. Agnesi, A. Guandalini, G. C. Reali, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Application of V3+:YAG crystals for Q-switching and mode-locking of 1.3-µm diode pumped neodymium,” Opt. Eng. (to be published).

H. Jelinkova, P. Czerny, J. Szulc, J. K. Jabczyński, K. Kopczyński, Z. Mierczyk, “Q-switching and mode locking by means of V:YAG crystal in lamp pumped 1.34 µm Nd:YAP laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference Focus Meetings (European Physical Society, Mulhouse Cedex, France, 2001).

V. P. Mikhailov, N. I. Zhavoronkov, N. V. Kuleshov, V. A. Sandulenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, “Mode-locking of near infrared lasers with YAG:V3+ crystal as a saturable absorber,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993).

V. P. Mikhailov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, A. M. Malyarevich, V. G. Shcherbitsy, P. V. Prokoshin, N. N. Posnov, “Ultrafast dynamics of excited-state absorption in YAG:V3+,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996).

B. Mroziewicz, M. Bugajski, W. Nakwaski, Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Polish Scientific, Warsaw, 1991), Chaps. 4 and 5.

T. Amand, X Marie, “Pulsed semiconductor lasers,” in Femtosecond Laser Pulses: Principles and Experiments, C. Rulliere, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, “Transition metal solid-state lasers,” in Tunable Lasers Handbook, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Academic, New York, 1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Diels, W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1996), Chap. 5.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy levels of Cr3+ ions in LiCAF and V3+ ions in YAG crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Three absorption curves for different stages of V3+:YAG crystal improvement; 1, as-grown crystal; 2 and 3, after two thermoreduction processes in a solid phase.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for measurements of saturable transmission by means of the Z-scan method. EM1, EM2, energy meters.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement results of the transmission of a V3+:YAG saturable absorber as a function of power density of incident laser radiation at 780-nm wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized pulse energy dependent on ratio t r GSA for several values of relative ESA level: T ini = 0.85, ρ = 0.15, T OC = 0.25, α = 100.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output energy versus passive losses for several T o including the results of modeling.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output energy versus output coupler (OC) transmission for several passive losses, including the results of modeling.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Passively Q-switched Cr3+:LiCAF laser.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output energy versus pump energy for a Cr3+:LiCAF laser that operates in the free-running mode.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Results of wavelength tuning of a Cr3+:LiCAF laser that operates in the free-running mode.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Q-switched pulse series (lower trace) and free-running output (upper trace) of a lamp-pumped Cr3+:LiCAF laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Laser and Thermomechanical Properties of Three Colquiriite Crystals

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1-T-1 lnTT0=IIS,
IS=hν/2στ,
dΦdt=Φa1n1-a01-1-βan2-n3-δ-ρ, dn1dt=-a2n1Φ+PpN-n1-n1τ0-aAgn12, dn2dt=a3Φ1-1+βan2-n3-n2τ1+n3τ2, dn3dt=a3βan2Φ-n3τ2,
a0=-2 lnT0,
a1=a0lamαlpq, a2=γema0lcavαlpq, a3=γabsa0lamlpq,
aAG=γETUN0,satr.
Φ=, n1=a0+δ+ρa1-1 n2=0, n3=0,
2g0lam=a1n1=a0+δ+ρ.

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