Abstract

A new type of demodulation system for low-coherence interferometric sensors based on highly birefringent fibers is presented. The optical path delay introduced by the sensor is compensated in four detection channels by quartz crystalline plates of appropriate thickness. The system can be used to decode a single-point sensor with a resolution of 2.5 × 10-3 or two serially multiplexed sensors with decreased resolution. In a multiplexed configuration each sensor is served by two detection channels. By tilting the quartz plates, we can tune the initial phase shift between interference signals in successive channels to differ by π/8 or π/4, respectively, for a single-point or a multiplexed configuration. We transferred the sinusoidal intensity changes into digital pulses by appropriate electronic processing, which eventually allows for an unambiguous phase-shift measurement with a resolution of 1/8 or 1/4 of an interference fringe. The system performance for the measurement of hydrostatic pressure changes and simultaneous changes of hydrostatic pressure and temperature is demonstrated. The pressure sensors are based on side-hole fiber to ensure high sensitivity and an operation range of 2.4 MPa. A new configuration for temperature compensation of hydrostatic pressure sensors is proposed, which is better suited for dynamic pressure measurements. In this configuration the sensing and compensating fibers are located in the same compartment of the sensor housing.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Dynamic pressure sensing with a side-hole birefringent optical fiber

M. N. Charasse, M. Turpin, and J. P. Le Pesant
Opt. Lett. 16(13) 1043-1045 (1991)

Hybrid fiber-optic sensors using liquid-crystal light modulators and piezoceramic transducers

W. B. Spillman and R. A. Soref
Appl. Opt. 21(15) 2696-2702 (1982)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (8)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription