Wide, nonperiodic stepped phase structures are studied to correct various parameter-dependent wave-front aberrations in optical systems. The wide nature of these phase structures makes them easy to manufacture with sufficient compensation of the wave-front aberrations. Wave-front aberration correction for both continuous and discrete parameter variations are studied. An analytical method is derived for the discrete parameter variations to find the optimal phase structure. Both theoretical and experimental results show that these nonperiodic phase structures can be used to make (1) lenses athermal (defocus and spherical aberration compensated), (2) lenses achromatic, (3) lenses with a large field of view, (4) lenses with a reduced field curvature, and (5) digital versatile disk objective lenses for optical recording that are compatible with compact disk readout.
© 2001 Optical Society of AmericaPDF Article