Abstract

The theory of the multiple-pass cell based on the use of retroreflectors is presented. As a result of this study, it is shown that it is possible to construct an enhanced White cell with zero geometric loss. Starting from theoretical considerations of the design of a new monolithic multiple-face retroreflector, a multiple-pass cell is proposed. Ray-tracing simulations indicate that this cell is easy to align and has zero geometric loss over a very long optical path.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. L. Hanst, “Spectroscopic methods for air pollution measurements,” in Advances in Environmental Science and Technology, J. N. Pitts, R. L. Metcalf, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1971), vol. 2, pp. 91–213.
  5. D. R. Herriott, H. J. Schulte, “Folded optical delay lines,” Appl. Opt. 4, 883–889 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. L. Hanst, A. S. Lefohn, B. W. Gay, “Detection of atmospheric pollutants at part-per-billion levels by infrared spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 27, 188–198 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. U. White, “Very long optical paths in air,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 411–416 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Ritz, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, “An improved open path multi-reflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3,” in Optical Methods in Atmosphere Chemistry: Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22–24, 1992, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE1715, 200–211 (1992).
  9. J.-F. Doussin, D. Ritz, C. Patrick, “Multiple-pass cell for very-long-path infrared spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4145–4150 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966).
  11. “Quartz glass for optics. data and properties,” , Heraeus Quarzglas GmbH, Hanau, Germany (1994).

1999 (1)

1976 (1)

1973 (2)

1971 (1)

1965 (1)

1942 (1)

Doussin, J.-F.

Gay, B. W.

Hanst, P. L.

P. L. Hanst, A. S. Lefohn, B. W. Gay, “Detection of atmospheric pollutants at part-per-billion levels by infrared spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 27, 188–198 (1973).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Hanst, “Spectroscopic methods for air pollution measurements,” in Advances in Environmental Science and Technology, J. N. Pitts, R. L. Metcalf, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1971), vol. 2, pp. 91–213.

Hausmann, M.

D. Ritz, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, “An improved open path multi-reflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3,” in Optical Methods in Atmosphere Chemistry: Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22–24, 1992, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE1715, 200–211 (1992).

Herriott, D. R.

Horn, D.

Lefohn, A. S.

Patrick, C.

Pimental, G. C.

Platt, U.

D. Ritz, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, “An improved open path multi-reflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3,” in Optical Methods in Atmosphere Chemistry: Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22–24, 1992, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE1715, 200–211 (1992).

Ritz, D.

J.-F. Doussin, D. Ritz, C. Patrick, “Multiple-pass cell for very-long-path infrared spectrometry,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4145–4150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Ritz, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, “An improved open path multi-reflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3,” in Optical Methods in Atmosphere Chemistry: Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22–24, 1992, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE1715, 200–211 (1992).

Schulte, H. J.

Schulz-DuBois, E. O.

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966).

White, J. U.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Other (4)

P. L. Hanst, “Spectroscopic methods for air pollution measurements,” in Advances in Environmental Science and Technology, J. N. Pitts, R. L. Metcalf, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1971), vol. 2, pp. 91–213.

D. Ritz, M. Hausmann, U. Platt, “An improved open path multi-reflection cell for the measurement of NO2 and NO3,” in Optical Methods in Atmosphere Chemistry: Proceedings of the Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 22–24, 1992, H. I. Schiff, U. Platt, eds., Proc. SPIE1715, 200–211 (1992).

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966).

“Quartz glass for optics. data and properties,” , Heraeus Quarzglas GmbH, Hanau, Germany (1994).

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