Abstract

We demonstrate all-optical bistable switching by using orthogonally and parallelly polarized control light in a nonlinear distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide. When the control light that is orthogonally polarized to the signal light is within its stopband, it is possible to extract the signal without using any external devices. Also, we investigate theoretically and experimentally the dependence of threshold switching power on the wavelength and polarization of control light.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).
  2. P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneve, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in a nonlinear GaAlAs X junction,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1153–1155 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. T. Kennedy, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a GaAlAs integrated interferometer in the 1.55-µm spectral region,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1090–1092 (1992).
  5. P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–773 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.
  9. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Santo, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.
  14. K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.
  16. S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.
  17. P. M. Maker, R. W. Terhune, “Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,” Phys. Rev. 137, A801–A818 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (2)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, A. Santo, “All-optical switching and pulse routing in a distributed feedback waveguide device,” Opt. Lett. 23, 183–185 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–773 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

P. M. Maker, R. W. Terhune, “Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,” Phys. Rev. 137, A801–A818 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Al-hemyari, K.

Cacciatore, C.

Campi, D.

Coriasso, C.

David, J. P. R.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Faustini, L.

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

George, N.

R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gibbsons, W.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

Hellwarth, R. W.

R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hendricks, D.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hill, G.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hossain, S.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ibusuki, Y.

T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.

Ironside, C. N.

Jeong, S. H.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

Jeong, S.-H.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

Kennedy, G. T.

Kigure, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, K.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Li Kam Wa, P.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ma, B. J.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

Ma, B.-J.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P. M.

P. M. Maker, R. W. Terhune, “Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,” Phys. Rev. 137, A801–A818 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Marberger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mason, N. J.

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mistry, P.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

Morita, I.

T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.

Munakata, R.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naito, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.

Nakano, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

Nakatsuhara, K.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

Okuda, M.

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–773 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, K.

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–773 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Owyoung, A.

R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pate, M. A.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rigo, C.

Roberts, J. S.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Robson, P. N.

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Saka, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Santo, A.

Sarid, D.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).

Sibbett, W.

Sitch, J. E.

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneve, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in a nonlinear GaAlAs X junction,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1153–1155 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).

Sugimoto, M.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, E.

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Terhune, R. W.

P. M. Maker, R. W. Terhune, “Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,” Phys. Rev. 137, A801–A818 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Tsukishima, Y.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

Villeneve, A.

Wa, P. L. K.

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Warren, M.

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Warren, W. Gibbsons, K. Komatsu, D. Sarid, D. Hendricks, H. M. Gibbs, M. Sugimoto, “Electronic optical bistability in GaAs/GaAlAs strip-loaded waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1209–1211 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marberger, E. Garmire, “Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379–381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. L. K. Wa, J. E. Sitch, N. J. Mason, P. N. Robson, “All-optical multiple-quantum-well waveguide switch,” Electron. Lett. 21, 26–28 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. Li Kam Wa, P. N. Robson, J. P. R. David, G. Hill, P. Mistry, M. A. Pate, J. S. Roberts, “All-optical switching effects in a passive GaAs/GaAlAs multi-quantum-well waveguide resonator,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1129–1130 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakatsuhara, S. Hossain, T. Mizumoto, S.-H. Jeong, B.-J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical bistable switching in a nonlinear directional coupler loaded with a Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1243–1244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Opt. (1)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, E. Takahashi, S. Hossain, Y. Saka, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical switching in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” J. Appl. Opt. 38, 3911–3916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Okuda, K. Onaka, “Bistability of optical resonators with distributed Bragg reflectors by using the Kerr effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 769–773 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear guided wave application,” Opt. Eng. 24, 593–599 (1985).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, R. Munakata, Y. Kigure, Y. Naito, “All-optical set–reset operation in a distributed feedback GaInAsP waveguide,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 78–80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

P. M. Maker, R. W. Terhune, “Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,” Phys. Rev. 137, A801–A818 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. W. Hellwarth, A. Owyoung, N. George, “Origin of the nonlinear refractive index of liquid CCl4,” Phys. Rev. A 4, 2342–2347 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Demonstration of all-optical switching with orthogonally polarized control and signal light,” in Conference on Nonlinear Optics: Materials, Fundamentals and Applications, Kaua’i-Lihue, Hawaii, August 2000 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 165–167.

S.-H. Jeong, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “Dependence of control light wavelength in all-optical switching of nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide,” in IEEE Annual Meeting Conference, Proceedings of the Laser and Electro-Optics Society, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000), pp. 663–664.

K. Nakatsuhara, S. H. Jeong, Y. Tsukishima, T. Mizumoto, B. J. Ma, Y. Nakano, “All-optical threshold device and its application to and gate,” in Conference on Micro-Optics, Makuhari, Japan, June 1999 (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1999), pp. 316–319.

T. Mizumoto, I. Morita, Y. Ibusuki, Y. Naito, “Observation of nonlinear transmission in CdSxSe1–x doped glass waveguide optical resonator,” in Technical Digest, Fourth Optoelectronics Conference, Makuhari, Japan, July, 1992 (Institute of Electronics, Information, and Communication Engineers of Japan, Tokyo, Japan1992), pp. 116–117.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a nonlinear distributed feedback waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated optical bistable characteristic together with (b) input and (c) output temporal waveforms. The wavelength of the optical source is 1550 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fabrication process of a nonlinear distributed feedback waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Scanning electron microscope picture of the fabricated nonlinear strip-loaded distributed feedback waveguide.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for observation of the transmission characteristics for low input power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured transmission spectra in the fabricated nonlinear distributed feedback waveguide: solid curve, TE mode; dashed curve, TM mode.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup for observation of the intensity-dependent transmission characteristics.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

All-optical bistable switching by use of TM-polarized control light: (a) temporal input waveform; (b) temporal output waveform (out of the stop band of the TM mode).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Wavelength of the signal and the control light together with the transmittance.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

All-optical bistable switching by use of TM-polarized control light: (a) temporal input waveform; (b) temporal output waveform (within the stop band of a TM mode).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured minimum control power required for switching the operation of TM-polarized and TE-polarized control light as a function of the wavelength of control light.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Calculated transmittance as a function of control power. The wavelength of the signal light is set at 1551.75 nm, which is the longer-wavelength side of the stop band of the TE mode.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(A) Calculated internal intensity distribution of the TE-control light along the propagation direction in the Bragg region, (B) together with the corresponding operating wavelength of the control light. The signal-light wavelength is set at 1551.75 nm. The control light is set at the longer-wavelength side of the stop band (1551.75 nm) for (a) and (b) and the shorter-wavelength side of the stop band (1551.05 nm) for (c).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n=n0+n2I,
n2//=3n2

Metrics