Abstract

We have developed a sophisticated Raman lidar numerical model to simulate the performance of two ground-based Raman water-vapor lidar systems. After verifying the model using these ground-based measurements, we then used the model to simulate the water-vapor measurement capability of an airborne Raman lidar under both daytime and nighttime conditions for a wide range of water-vapor conditions. The results indicate that, under many circumstances, the daytime measurements possess comparable quality to an existing airborne differential absorption water-vapor lidar whereas the nighttime measurements have improved spatial and temporal resolution. In addition, an airborne Raman lidar can offer measurements that are difficult or impossible with the differential absorption lidar technique.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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