Abstract

The complete design and flight test of the next-generation Airborne Oceanographic Lidar (AOL-3) is detailed. The application of new technology has allowed major reductions in weight, volume, and power requirements compared with the earlier AOL sensor. Subsystem designs for the new AOL sensor include new technology in fiber optics, spectrometer detector optical train, miniature photomultiplier modules, dual-laser wavelength excitation from a single small laser source, and new receiver optical configuration. The new design reduced telescope size and maintained the same principal fluorescence and water Raman bands but essentially retained a comparable measurement accuracy. A major advancement is the implementation of single-laser simultaneous excitation of two physically separate oceanic target areas: one stimulated by 532 nm and the other by 355 nm. Backscattered fluorescence and Raman signals from both targets are acquired simultaneously by use of the same telescope and spectrometer–detector system. Two digital oscilloscopes provide temporal- and depth-resolved data from each of seven spectral emission bands.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. E. Hoge, “Oil film thickness using airborne laser-induced oil fluorescence backscatter,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3316–3318 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “The influence of chlorophyll pigment upon upwelling spectral radiances from the North Atlantic Ocean: an active-passive correlation spectroscopy study,” Deep-Sea Res. 40, 265–277 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by linear matrix inversion of oceanic radiance models: an analysis of model and radiance measurement errors,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 16631–16648 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Oceanic radiance model development and validation: application of airborne active–passive ocean color spectral measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3468–3476 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive correlation spectroscopy: a new technique for identifying ocean color algorithm spectral regions,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2571–2583 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. E. Hoge, R. E. Berry, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 1: Instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 39–47 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 2: Applications,” Appl. Opt. 25, 48–57 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. P. F. Bristow, D. Nielsen, D. Bundy, R. Furtek, “Use of water Raman emission to correct airborne laser fluorosensor data for effects of water optical attenuation,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2889–2906 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Airborne simultaneous spectroscopic detection of laser-induced water Raman backscatter and fluorescence from chlorophyll and other naturally occurring pigments,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3197–3205 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

1998

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by linear matrix inversion of oceanic radiance models: an analysis of model and radiance measurement errors,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 16631–16648 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “The influence of chlorophyll pigment upon upwelling spectral radiances from the North Atlantic Ocean: an active-passive correlation spectroscopy study,” Deep-Sea Res. 40, 265–277 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

1983

1981

Anderson, A.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barber, R. T.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berry, R. E.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. E. Berry, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 1: Instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 39–47 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bidigare, R.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blough, N. V.

Bristow, M. P. F.

Buck, K.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bundy, D.

Chavez, F.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chisholm, S. W.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Coale, K. H.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Coley, T. L.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Collins, C.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Elrod, V. A.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Falkowski, P.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fitzwater, S. E.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Friederich, G.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Furtek, R.

Gordon, R. M.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Greene, R.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hatton, A.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hoge, F.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hoge, F. E.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by linear matrix inversion of oceanic radiance models: an analysis of model and radiance measurement errors,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 16631–16648 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Oceanic radiance model development and validation: application of airborne active–passive ocean color spectral measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3468–3476 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “The influence of chlorophyll pigment upon upwelling spectral radiances from the North Atlantic Ocean: an active-passive correlation spectroscopy study,” Deep-Sea Res. 40, 265–277 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive correlation spectroscopy: a new technique for identifying ocean color algorithm spectral regions,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2571–2583 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. E. Berry, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 1: Instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 39–47 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 2: Applications,” Appl. Opt. 25, 48–57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, “Oil film thickness using airborne laser-induced oil fluorescence backscatter,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3316–3318 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Airborne simultaneous spectroscopic detection of laser-induced water Raman backscatter and fluorescence from chlorophyll and other naturally occurring pigments,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3197–3205 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, C. N.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K. S.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kana, T. M.

Kolber, Z.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Latasa, M.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Law, C. S.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liddicoat, M. I.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lindley, S.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ling, R.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liss, P.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lyon, P. E.

Martin, J. H.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Millero, F. J.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, R.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, D.

Nightingale, P.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nowicki, J. L.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ondrused, M.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, C.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stanton, T.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stockel, J.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Swift, R.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Swift, R. N.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Oceanic radiance model development and validation: application of airborne active–passive ocean color spectral measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3468–3476 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “The influence of chlorophyll pigment upon upwelling spectral radiances from the North Atlantic Ocean: an active-passive correlation spectroscopy study,” Deep-Sea Res. 40, 265–277 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive correlation spectroscopy: a new technique for identifying ocean color algorithm spectral regions,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2571–2583 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. E. Berry, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 1: Instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 39–47 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 2: Applications,” Appl. Opt. 25, 48–57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Airborne simultaneous spectroscopic detection of laser-induced water Raman backscatter and fluorescence from chlorophyll and other naturally occurring pigments,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3197–3205 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanner, S. J.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tindale, N. W.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Turner, S.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Van Scoy, K.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vodacek, A.

F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Watson, A. J.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Williams, M. E.

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wright, C. W.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yao, W.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yungel, J.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yungel, J. K.

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Oceanic radiance model development and validation: application of airborne active–passive ocean color spectral measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3468–3476 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 2: Applications,” Appl. Opt. 25, 48–57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Z.

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

F. E. Hoge, A. Vodacek, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, N. V. Blough, “Inherent optical properties of the ocean: retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter from airborne laser spectral fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7032–7038 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of phytoplankton phycoerythrin pigment,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7431–7441 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Oceanic radiance model development and validation: application of airborne active–passive ocean color spectral measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3468–3476 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive correlation spectroscopy: a new technique for identifying ocean color algorithm spectral regions,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2571–2583 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. E. Berry, R. N. Swift, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 1: Instrumentation,” Appl. Opt. 25, 39–47 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Active–passive airborne ocean color measurement. 2: Applications,” Appl. Opt. 25, 48–57 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by inversion of an oceanic radiance model: a preliminary algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 38, 495–504 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Airborne laser-induced oceanic chlorophyll fluorescence: solar-induced quenching corrections by use of concurrent downwelling irradiance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3222–3226 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, T. M. Kana, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, “Spatial variability of oceanic phycoerythrin spectral types derived from airborne laser-induced fluorescence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4744–4749 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, “Oil film thickness using airborne laser-induced oil fluorescence backscatter,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3316–3318 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. F. Bristow, D. Nielsen, D. Bundy, R. Furtek, “Use of water Raman emission to correct airborne laser fluorosensor data for effects of water optical attenuation,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2889–2906 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “Airborne simultaneous spectroscopic detection of laser-induced water Raman backscatter and fluorescence from chlorophyll and other naturally occurring pigments,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3197–3205 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deep-Sea Res.

F. E. Hoge, R. N. Swift, “The influence of chlorophyll pigment upon upwelling spectral radiances from the North Atlantic Ocean: an active-passive correlation spectroscopy study,” Deep-Sea Res. 40, 265–277 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Deep-Sea Res. II

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Fluorescence signatures of an iron-enriched phytoplankton community in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1073–1082 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, C. W. Wright, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, R. E. Berry, R. Mitchell, “Airborne bio-optics survey of the Galapagos Islands margins,” Deep-Sea Res. II 45, 1083–1092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

F. E. Hoge, M. E. Williams, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, A. Vodacek, “Satellite retrieval of the absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in continental margins,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 24847–24854 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, “Satellite retrieval of inherent optical properties by linear matrix inversion of oceanic radiance models: an analysis of model and radiance measurement errors,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 16631–16648 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

J. H. Martin, K. H. Coale, K. S. Johnson, S. E. Fitzwater, R. M. Gordon, S. J. Tanner, C. N. Hunter, V. A. Elrod, J. L. Nowicki, T. L. Coley, R. T. Barber, S. Lindley, A. J. Watson, K. Van Scoy, C. S. Law, M. I. Liddicoat, R. Ling, T. Stanton, J. Stockel, C. Collins, A. Anderson, R. Bidigare, M. Ondrused, M. Latasa, F. J. Millero, K. Lee, W. Yao, J. Z. Zhang, G. Friederich, C. Sakamoto, F. Chavez, K. Buck, Z. Kolber, R. Greene, P. Falkowski, S. W. Chisholm, F. Hoge, R. Swift, J. Yungel, S. Turner, P. Nightingale, A. Hatton, P. Liss, N. W. Tindale, “Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” Nature (London) 371, 123–129 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics