Polarized light carries valuable information about where the light has been and the various physical parameters that have been acting upon it. Thus there are several methods in computer vision that make it possible to obtain information on the observed object by studying the polarization of light reflected on the object. Most studies using this principle are interested in the determination of the object orientation in three-dimensional space. The basis of these studies rests on the estimate of a parameter that connects the orientation of the observed surface and the polarization of the reflected light wave. This parameter is the angle of polarization φ, also called the orientation of polarization. Generally, one using these methods estimates the φ angle by observing the reflected light wave through a linear polarizing filter and grabbing multiple frames for different angular orientations of the polarizer. So, between each acquisition, the polarizer is rotated of an angle θ relative to a horizontal reference axis. The accuracy of the φ estimate is then directly related to the positioning of the polarizer. But, in practice, it is difficult to guarantee the exact value of the rotation of this polarizer. It is all the more difficult to guarantee the reliability of positioning in time. We thus propose a robust and accurate solution, based on the self-calibration principle, for measuring the orientation of partially polarized light using CCD cameras. In contrast to methods generally discussed in computer vision journals, our estimate of the angle of polarization is independent of the reliability of the polarizer positioning.
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