Abstract

Use of a transverse KD*P Pockels cell and novel low-loss sapphire Rochon polarizer to cavity dump a hard-aperture, Kerr-lens mode-locked, Ti:sapphire oscillator is demonstrated. High-quality 90-fs pulses with energies of ∼50 nJ at repetition rates of up to 50 kHz were obtained.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42–44 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. F. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, B. Luther-Davies, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373–375 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, F. G. Omenetto, J. W. Longworth, “Short-pulse amplification at 745 nm in Ti:sapphire with a continuously tunable regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7752–7755 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. B. Norris, “Femtosecond pulse amplification at 250 kHz with a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier and application to continuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1009–1011 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Ramaswamy, M. Ulman, J. Paye, J. G. Fujimoto, “Cavity-dumped femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1822–1824 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. S. Pshenichnikov, W. De Boeij, D. A. Wiersma, “Generation of 13-fs, 5-MW pulses from a cavity-dumped Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 572–574 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. N. Gibson, R. Klank, F. Gibson, B. E. Bouma, “Electro-optically cavity-dumped ultrashort-pulse Ti:sapphire oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1055–1057 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y.-H. Liau, A. N. Unterreiner, D. C. Arnett, N. F. Scherer, “Femtosecond-pulse cavity-dumped solid-state oscillator design and application to ultrafast microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7386–7392 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.
  13. E. Krüger, “High-repetition-rate electro-optic cavity dumping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 961–967 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1989), Chap. 14.
  15. F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, D. J. Kane, “Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595–1608 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. L. Fork, C. H. B. Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 7, 483–485 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. E. Sherriff, “Analytic expressions for group-delay dispersion and cubic dispersion in arbitray prism sequences,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1224–1230 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. T. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multiplayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, F. G. Omenetto, J. W. Longworth, “Short-pulse amplification at 745 nm in Ti:sapphire with a continuously tunable regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7752–7755 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

E. Krüger, “High-repetition-rate electro-optic cavity dumping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 961–967 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

1993 (2)

1992 (2)

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Norris, “Femtosecond pulse amplification at 250 kHz with a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier and application to continuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1009–1011 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

Angelow, G.

Arnett, D. C.

Asaki, M. T.

Barty, C. P. J.

Becker, P. C.

Boiko, A.

Bouma, B. E.

Brabec, T.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cornea, A.

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

Cruz, C. H. B.

Curley, P. F.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

De Boeij, W.

DeLong, K. W.

Ell, R.

Ferencz, K.

Fermann, M. E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Fujimoto, J. F.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

Garvey, D.

Gibson, F.

Gibson, G. N.

Guo, T.

Hofer, M.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Ippen, E. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

Klank, R.

Krausz, F.

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multiplayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krüger, E.

E. Krüger, “High-repetition-rate electro-optic cavity dumping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 961–967 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Lederer, M. J.

Liau, Y.-H.

Longworth, J. W.

Luther-Davies, B.

Matuschek, N.

Mehendale, M.

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Murnane, M. M.

Nelson, T. R.

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, F. G. Omenetto, J. W. Longworth, “Short-pulse amplification at 745 nm in Ti:sapphire with a continuously tunable regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7752–7755 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

Norris, T. B.

Ober, M. H.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F. G.

Omenetto, F. R.

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paye, J.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Raksi, F.

Ramaswamy, M.

Rhodes, C. K.

Rimington, N. W.

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

Rose-Petruck, C.

Santoro, J.

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

Scherer, N. F.

Scheuer, V.

Schmidt, A. J.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schnieder, S.

S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, W. A.

T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, F. G. Omenetto, J. W. Longworth, “Short-pulse amplification at 745 nm in Ti:sapphire with a continuously tunable regenerative amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7752–7755 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

Schüsslbauer, W.

S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

Sherriff, R. E.

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multiplayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stockmann, A.

S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Szipöcs, R.

Trebino, R.

Tschudi, T.

Ulman, M.

Unterreiner, A. N.

Wiersma, D. A.

Wilson, K. R.

Wintner, E.

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1989), Chap. 14.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Krausz, M. E. Fermann, T. Brabec, P. F. Curley, M. Hofer, M. H. Ober, C. Spielmann, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2097–2122 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Mehendale, T. R. Nelson, F. R. Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, “Thermal effects in laser pumped Kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire lasers,” Opt. Commun. 136, 150–159 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. Schnieder, A. Stockmann, W. Schüsslbauer, “Self-starting mode-locked cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser employing a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Exp. 6, 220–226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (11)

M. T. Asaki, C. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, “Chirped multiplayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. H. B. Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 7, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Norris, “Femtosecond pulse amplification at 250 kHz with a Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier and application to continuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1009–1011 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ramaswamy, M. Ulman, J. Paye, J. G. Fujimoto, “Cavity-dumped femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1822–1824 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Pshenichnikov, W. De Boeij, D. A. Wiersma, “Generation of 13-fs, 5-MW pulses from a cavity-dumped Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 572–574 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. N. Gibson, R. Klank, F. Gibson, B. E. Bouma, “Electro-optically cavity-dumped ultrashort-pulse Ti:sapphire oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1055–1057 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42–44 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. F. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, B. Luther-Davies, “Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 26, 373–375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. Krüger, “High-repetition-rate electro-optic cavity dumping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 961–967 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1989), Chap. 14.

N. W. Rimington, A. Cornea, J. Santoro, T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, “A multi-kilohertz electro-optic switch for ultrafast laser systems,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 39 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 121–122.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the cavity-dumped femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator. OC, output coupler; HR, high reflector; PLL, phase-locked loop; S, slit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intracavity pulse train at a 47-kHz cavity-dumped repetition rate showing the 5–10-µs recovery dynamics typical of mode-locked Ti:sapphire resonators.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characterization of the cavity-dumped pulses by use of a second-harmonic FROG: (a) the experimental FROG trace (with a signal-to-noise ratio of ∼100:1) obtained by use of a 200-µm lithium triborate crystal, (b) the reconstructed FROG trace with a spectral width of 9.1 nm, (c) the reconstructed 90-fs temporal pulse shape (solid curve) and phase (dashed curve).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Group-Velocity Dispersion (GVD) and Third-Order Dispersion (TOD) of the Optical Elements in the Cavity-Dumped Ti:Sapphire Oscillator

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