Abstract

Holographic recording with orthogonally polarized beams in a cesium-doped KNSBN [(K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6] crystal has been studied. It was found that this kind of photorefractive crystal possesses high linear dichroism, which makes it suitable for use in polarization holography. The diffraction efficiency as a function of the polarization orientation of the reference beam and as a function of the fringe modulation at the optimum polarization orientation of the reference beam is experimentally investigated. Theoretical fitting based on Kahmann models was performed and agrees well with the experimental data. In the experiments, both polarization holography and conventional holography are used to record a binary object. The reconstruction shows that polarization holography with Ce:KNSBN is highly effective, exhibiting high diffraction efficiency and reduced fanning noise.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. C. Chen, Y. H. Xu, “Growth and some properties of undoped and doped (K1-xNax)0.4(Sr1-yBay)0.8Nb2O6 single crystals with tungsten–bronze structure,” J. Cryst. Growth 96, 357–362 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Tomita, J. Bergquist, M. Shibata, “Photorefractive properties of undoped, Cr-doped, and Cu-doped potassium sodium strontium barium niobate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 94–99 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Xu, Y. Wu, S. Liu, G. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Song, H. Chen, “High-performance self-pumped phase conjugator with a multichannel in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1255–1257 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Zhang, H. Lui, W. Jia, “Investigation into self-pumped mutually pumped phase conjugation with beams entering the negative c face of doped (K0.5Na0.5)0.2(Sr0.75Ba0.25)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3753–3761 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. L. Ramazza, M. J. Zhao, “Experimental study of two-wave mixing amplification in Cu-doped KNSBN,” Opt. Commun. 102, 93–99 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Bian, J. Frejlich, “Actively stabilized holographic recording for the measurement of photorefractive properties of a Ti-doped KNSBN crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2060–2065 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, G. G. Mu, J. H. Guan, C. M. Cartwright, “Diffraction properties of transmission photorefractive volume gratings in a Ce:KNSBN crystal,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5552–5555 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, G. G. Mu, J. H. Guan, R. L. Fu, “Effect of the reading beam polarization on the diffraction efficiency of photorefractive volume grating in Ce:KNSBN,” Optik 111, 1–4 (2000).
  12. B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, G. G. Mu, J. H. Guan, H. L. Liu, “Real-time edge-enhanced optical correlation with Ce:KNSBN photorefractive crystal,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2925–2930 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, J. H. Guan, G. G. Mu, C. M. Cartwright, “Four-wave-mixing and edge-enhanced optical correlation in a Ce:KNSBN crystal,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1086–1088 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Huang, K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of dynamic polarization volume holograms,” in Photopolymer Device Physics, Chemistry, and Applications II, R. A. Lessard, ed., Proc. SPIE1559, 377–384 (1991).
  15. U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Tomita, S. S. Matsushima, “Photorefractive beam coupling between orthogonally polarized light beams by linear dichroism in Cu-doped potassium sodium strontium barium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 111–115 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Q. B. He, P. Yeh, “Fanning noise reduction in photorefractive amplifiers using incoherent erasures,” Appl. Opt. 33, 283–287 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

1999 (2)

1997 (1)

1995 (3)

S. Bian, J. Frejlich, “Actively stabilized holographic recording for the measurement of photorefractive properties of a Ti-doped KNSBN crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2060–2065 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Q. B. He, P. Yeh, “Fanning noise reduction in photorefractive amplifiers using incoherent erasures,” Appl. Opt. 33, 283–287 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, Y. Wu, S. Liu, G. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Song, H. Chen, “High-performance self-pumped phase conjugator with a multichannel in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1255–1257 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

H. C. Chen, Y. H. Xu, “Growth and some properties of undoped and doped (K1-xNax)0.4(Sr1-yBay)0.8Nb2O6 single crystals with tungsten–bronze structure,” J. Cryst. Growth 96, 357–362 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J.

Bian, S.

Cartwright, C. M.

Chen, H.

J. Xu, Y. Wu, S. Liu, G. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Song, H. Chen, “High-performance self-pumped phase conjugator with a multichannel in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1255–1257 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. C.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Chen, Y. H. Xu, “Growth and some properties of undoped and doped (K1-xNax)0.4(Sr1-yBay)0.8Nb2O6 single crystals with tungsten–bronze structure,” J. Cryst. Growth 96, 357–362 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Frejlich, J.

Fu, R. L.

B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, G. G. Mu, J. H. Guan, R. L. Fu, “Effect of the reading beam polarization on the diffraction efficiency of photorefractive volume grating in Ce:KNSBN,” Optik 111, 1–4 (2000).

Guan, J. H.

Guo, B.

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

He, Q. B.

Hesse, H.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Höhne, J.

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T.

T. Huang, K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of dynamic polarization volume holograms,” in Photopolymer Device Physics, Chemistry, and Applications II, R. A. Lessard, ed., Proc. SPIE1559, 377–384 (1991).

Jäkel, G.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

Jiang, H.

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Q. Z.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kahmann, F.

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liang, B. L.

Lin, J. L.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

Liu, S.

Lu, X.

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lui, H.

Matsushima, S. S.

Mu, G. G.

Pankrath, R.

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ramazza, P. L.

P. L. Ramazza, M. J. Zhao, “Experimental study of two-wave mixing amplification in Cu-doped KNSBN,” Opt. Commun. 102, 93–99 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R. A.

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, M.

Shih, Y.

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, Y. Wu, S. Liu, G. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Song, H. Chen, “High-performance self-pumped phase conjugator with a multichannel in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1255–1257 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, D.

J. Xu, Y. Wu, S. Liu, G. Zhang, D. Sun, Y. Song, H. Chen, “High-performance self-pumped phase conjugator with a multichannel in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1255–1257 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M. Z.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, Y.

van Olfen, U.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, K.

T. Huang, K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of dynamic polarization volume holograms,” in Photopolymer Device Physics, Chemistry, and Applications II, R. A. Lessard, ed., Proc. SPIE1559, 377–384 (1991).

Wang, H. Y.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Q.

Wu, Y.

Xu, J.

Xu, Y. H.

H. C. Chen, Y. H. Xu, “Growth and some properties of undoped and doped (K1-xNax)0.4(Sr1-yBay)0.8Nb2O6 single crystals with tungsten–bronze structure,” J. Cryst. Growth 96, 357–362 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Yu, J. Q.

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhao, M. J.

P. L. Ramazza, M. J. Zhao, “Experimental study of two-wave mixing amplification in Cu-doped KNSBN,” Opt. Commun. 102, 93–99 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

H. Zhang, B. Guo, H. Jiang, Y. Shih, L. Yan, “Characterization of the KNSBN:Cu crystal with two-wave coupling at visible and infrared wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. B. 61, 207–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Sun, J. Chen, X. Lu, Y. Song, Z. Shao, H. Chen, “Growth and self-pumped phase conjugation of Ce-doped KNa(Sr0.61Ba0.39)0.9Nb2O6 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 33–35 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. C. Chen, Y. H. Xu, “Growth and some properties of undoped and doped (K1-xNax)0.4(Sr1-yBay)0.8Nb2O6 single crystals with tungsten–bronze structure,” J. Cryst. Growth 96, 357–362 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (3)

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jäkel, E. Krätzig, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Ramazza, M. J. Zhao, “Experimental study of two-wave mixing amplification in Cu-doped KNSBN,” Opt. Commun. 102, 93–99 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Wang, M. Z. Tian, J. L. Lin, S. H. Huang, J. Q. Yu, H. C. Chen, Q. Z. Jiang, “Study of two-wave coupling in Cu:KNSBN using red light,” Opt. Commun. 115, 563–567 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optik (1)

B. L. Liang, Z. Q. Wang, G. G. Mu, J. H. Guan, R. L. Fu, “Effect of the reading beam polarization on the diffraction efficiency of photorefractive volume grating in Ce:KNSBN,” Optik 111, 1–4 (2000).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Kahmann, J. Höhne, R. Pankrath, R. A. Rupp, “Hologram recording with mutually orthogonal polarized waves in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6:Ce,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 2474–2478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Huang, K. Wagner, “Coupled mode analysis of dynamic polarization volume holograms,” in Photopolymer Device Physics, Chemistry, and Applications II, R. A. Lessard, ed., Proc. SPIE1559, 377–384 (1991).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of holographic recording with orthogonally polarized beams.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measurement of the diffraction efficiency of a hologram recorded by orthogonally polarized beams. Abbreviations are defined in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmitted beam intensity as a function of time when a single laser beam at a wavelength of 514.5 nm is incident normally upon a crystal. Curve A was obtained with ordinarily polarized light; curve B, with extraordinarily polarized light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of the diffraction efficiency of the polarization hologram with the polarization orientation of the reference beam (angle φ). Filled diamonds, experimental data; solid curve, theoretical fit.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of the diffraction efficiency of a polarization hologram relative to fringe modulation m(0).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reconstruction of a binary object from recorded holograms: (a) from a polarization hologram, (b) from a conventional polarized hologram.

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Iˆi,jz=Ii,jzexpα˜o,ez,
dIˆR,ozdz=ΓozIˆR,ozIˆS,oz1/2,
dIˆS,ozdz=-ΓozIˆS,ozIˆR,oz1/2,
dIˆR,ezdz=-ΓezIˆR,ezIˆS,ez,
dIˆS,ezdz=ΓezIˆS,ezIˆR,ez1/2,
Γo,e=2π sin ϕλ Δno,emaxmz,
mz=2×IˆR,ozIˆS,oz1/2-IˆR,ezIˆS,ez1/2 exp-Δα˜zIˆR,oz+IˆS,oz+IˆR,ez+IˆS,ezexp-Δα˜z,
IˆR,o0=IR0sin2 φ,
IˆR,e0=IR0cos2 φ,
IˆS,o0=IS0cos2 φ,
IˆS,e0=IS0sin2 φ,
Δnz=-1/2n3reffmzKkBT/e,
Δn¯=1d0d Δnzdz.
η=sin2πΔn¯dλ cos ϑ,
η=ID/Iread.
m0=2IRISIR+IS.

Metrics