Abstract

We propose a Michelson-interferometer-type polarization-mode-dispersion (PMD) compensator with one polarization beam splitter and quarter-wave plates. We experimentally demonstrate the proposed PMD compensator with fiber devices and show the PMD compensation ability to be 104 ps by the fixed-analyzer method.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.
  3. M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. L. Heffner, “Automated measurement of polarization-mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066–1069 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, “Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917–929 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, “Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917–929 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

B. L. Heffner, “Automated measurement of polarization-mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066–1069 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
[Crossref]

Anderkson, P. A.

B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

Favin, D. L.

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, “Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917–929 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fishman, D. A.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

Frigo, N. J.

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.

Goldstein, E. L.

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.

Heffner, B. L.

B. L. Heffner, “Automated measurement of polarization-mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066–1069 (1992).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lin, L. Y.

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.

Mecozzi, A.

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mochizuki, K.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
[Crossref]

Nagel, J. A.

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

Namihira, Y.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
[Crossref]

Olsson, B. E.

B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
[Crossref]

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, “Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917–929 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

Shtaif, M.

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tkac, R. W.

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.

Tkach, R. W.

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

Tur, M.

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wakabayashi, H.

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Mochizuki, Y. Namihira, H. Wakabayashi, “Polarization mode dispersion measurements in long single mode fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 153–154 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. L. Heffner, “Automated measurement of polarization-mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066–1069 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. D. Poole, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, D. A. Fishman, “Fading in lightwave systems due to polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 68–70 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur, J. A. Nagel, “A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 434–436 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, P. A. Anderkson, “Polarization mode dispersion measurement using a Sagnac interferometer and a comparison with the fixed analyzer method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 997–999 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. D. Poole, D. L. Favin, “Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917–929 (1994).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. Y. Lin, E. L. Goldstein, N. J. Frigo, R. W. Tkac, “Micromachined polarization-state controller and its application to polarization-mode dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), pp. 244–246.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the proposed PMD compensator that is implemented by fiber devices. (ASE, erbium-doped fiber-amplifier amplified spontaneous emission; PMF, polarization-maintaining fiber; PC, polarization controller; pol, polarizer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra without (solid curve) and with (dashed curve) PMD compensation by fixed-analyzer method. The resolution bandwidth of the optical spectrum analyzer is 0.07 nm. (a) DGD of PMD emulator at 114.4 ps. (b) DGD of PMD emulator at 104 ps

Equations (1)

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Δτ=λ2/cΔλ,

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