Abstract

We report on a 1.57-µm wavelength singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (OPO) using a noncritically phase-matched KTP crystal intracavity pumped by an electro-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. A simple model for numerical calculation of the temporal profile of the laser and signal pulses developed inside the intracavity pumped OPO (IPOPO) resonator is described. Working conditions for single-pulse and multipulse parametric oscillation are established. A single signal pulse of 8.1-mJ output energy was obtained when the laser was pumped three times above the pulsed IPOPO threshold. A pulse duration of 5.9 ns was measured at 1.5 times above threshold for the IPOPO.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, “Semi-analytical model of the pulsed optical parametric oscillator; comparison with experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.; 1996), pp. 182–187.
  2. T. Debuisschert, “Nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 209–219 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. K. Oshman, S. E. Harris, “Theory of optical parametric oscillation internal to the laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491–502 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, A. D. Hays, R. Burnham, “Efficient optical parametric oscillator at 1.6 µm,” Opt. Lett. 16, 681–683 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, R. Burnham, “Diode-pumped eye-safe laser source exceeding 1% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1680–1682 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. R. Marshall, A. Kaz, “Eye-safe output from noncritically phase-matched parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1730–1736 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yashkir, H. M. van Driel, “Passively Q-switched 1.57-µm intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2554–2559 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Chap. 9, pp. 588–702.

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Debuisschert, “Nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 209–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

1991 (2)

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

M. K. Oshman, S. E. Harris, “Theory of optical parametric oscillation internal to the laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Acharekar, M.

G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ammann, E. O.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R.

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Chap. 9, pp. 588–702.

Debuisschert, T.

T. Debuisschert, “Nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 209–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, “Semi-analytical model of the pulsed optical parametric oscillator; comparison with experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.; 1996), pp. 182–187.

Falk, J.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Oshman, S. E. Harris, “Theory of optical parametric oscillation internal to the laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Hays, A. D.

Kasinski, J.

Kaz, A.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L. R.

McCarthy, M. J.

Montgomery, P. C.

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Oshman, M. K.

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Oshman, S. E. Harris, “Theory of optical parametric oscillation internal to the laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

Pocholle, J. P.

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, “Semi-analytical model of the pulsed optical parametric oscillator; comparison with experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.; 1996), pp. 182–187.

Raffy, J.

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, “Semi-analytical model of the pulsed optical parametric oscillator; comparison with experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.; 1996), pp. 182–187.

van Driel, H. M.

Xiao, G.

G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Yashkir, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. O. Ammann, J. M. Yarborough, M. K. Oshman, P. C. Montgomery, “Efficient internal optical parametric oscillation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 309–312 (1970).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Oshman, S. E. Harris, “Theory of optical parametric oscillation internal to the laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao, M. Bass, M. Acharekar, “Passively Q-switched solid-state lasers with intracavity optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2241–2245 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. (1)

T. Debuisschert, “Nanosecond optical parametric oscillators,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 9, 209–219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, “Semi-analytical model of the pulsed optical parametric oscillator; comparison with experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.; 1996), pp. 182–187.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin, C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Chap. 9, pp. 588–702.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser and signal output pulse energy versus Nd:YAG rod pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope traces showing (a), (c) Nd:YAG laser pulse without parametric oscillation; (b), (d) continuous curve, depleted pump pulse; dotted curve, signal pulse; (a), (b) F ath = 1.2; (c), (d) F ath = 1.5.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated temporal profiles: thin curve, inversion population; thick curves, depleted pump laser pulse and signal pulse. (a) F ath = 1.2; (b) F ath = 1.5; F ath = η i th(OPO).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal profiles of calculated pump Q-switched pulses, signal IPOPO pulses, and population inversion: (a) single pump pulse and generation of single signal pulse, η f < ηth(LAS); (b) two pump pulses and generation of single signal pulse, η f < ηth(LAS) < ηth(OPO); (c) two pump pulses and generation of two signal pulses, ηth(OPO) < η f ; η f , inversion population after first signal pulse generation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Integrated signal photon flux versus the factor above the threshold of the single signal pulse of the KTP IPOPO.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the KTP IPOPO Characteristics

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕpt=ϕpcση lrll+ln1-δptRL-ΔϕptRP, ηt=-ϕpcση,
Im=ϕmhvmcnm, Im=12nmcε0|E˜m|2, ϕm=12ε0nm2hvm |E˜m|2,
dE˜pdx=-αpE˜p+j ωpdeffnpc E˜sE˜i, dE˜sdx=-αsE˜s+j ωsdeffnsc E˜pE˜i*, dE˜idx=-αiE˜i+j ωideffnic E˜pE˜s*,
dEPdx=-αpEp+ωpdeffnpc EsEi sin θ, dEsdx=-αsEs-ωsdeffnsc EpEi sin θ, dEidx=-αiEi-ωideffnic EpEs sin θ, dθdx=ωpnpEsEiEp-ωsnsEpEiEs-ωiniEpEsEideffccosθ.

Metrics