Abstract

We report on tuned-laser, pump–probe-gain, and fluorescence yield studies of the effect that crystal temperature plays on the polarized emission characteristics of Ce:LiLuF. It was found that σ-polarized emission at the 327-nm fluorescence spectra peak is characterized by smaller laser pulse buildup times, higher small-signal gains, and smaller output powers than the π-polarized 327-nm emission. We concluded that excited-state absorption (ESA) (and the resultant formation of color centers) is more severe for σ-polarized emission than for π-polarized emission in this spectral region. We postulate that the enhancement in laser performance and crystal fluorescence observed with crystal cooling is due to narrowing of the ESA absorption band that reduces the probability of ESA and color-center formation.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.
  2. A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “530-mW 7-kHz cerium LiCAF laser pumped by the sum-frequency-mixed output of a copper-vapor laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 232–234 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. J. Pogatshnik, D. S. Hamilton, “Excited-state absorption of Ce3+ ions in Ce3+:CaF2,” Phys. Rev. B. 36, 8251–8257 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Ehlrich, P. F. Moulton, R. M. Osgood, “Ultraviolet solid state Ce:YLF laser at 325 nm,” Opt. Lett. 4, 184–186 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Ehlrich, P. F. Moulton, R. M. Osgood, “Optically pumped Ce:LaF3 laser at 286 nm,” Opt. Lett. 5, 339–341 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
  12. C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, W. P. Krupke, G. J. Quarles, V. Castillo, B. H. T. Chai, “Ultraviolet laser emission properties of Ce3+-doped LiSrAlF6 and LiCaAlF6,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2054–2065 (1994).
  13. J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).
  15. N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
  16. N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).
  17. A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. W. Coutts, “Optimization of line focusing geometry for efficiency nonlinear frequency conversion from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2208–2214 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. W. Coutts, D. J. W. Brown, “Production of high average power UV by second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 768–778 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.
  23. K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “UV-induced loss mechanisms in a Ce3+:YLF4 laser,” J Lumin. 40/41, 319–320 (1988).
  25. D. W. Coutts, J. S. Cashmore, C. E. Webb, “Multi kHz PRF cerium lasers pumped by frequency doubled copper vapour lasers,” in Digest of the International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper ThE3.

2000 (1)

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “530-mW 7-kHz cerium LiCAF laser pumped by the sum-frequency-mixed output of a copper-vapor laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 232–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

1995 (4)

P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, “Optimization of line focusing geometry for efficiency nonlinear frequency conversion from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2208–2214 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, D. J. W. Brown, “Production of high average power UV by second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 768–778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

1994 (3)

C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, W. P. Krupke, G. J. Quarles, V. Castillo, B. H. T. Chai, “Ultraviolet laser emission properties of Ce3+-doped LiSrAlF6 and LiCaAlF6,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2054–2065 (1994).

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

1993 (1)

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

1989 (2)

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “UV-induced loss mechanisms in a Ce3+:YLF4 laser,” J Lumin. 40/41, 319–320 (1988).

1987 (1)

G. J. Pogatshnik, D. S. Hamilton, “Excited-state absorption of Ce3+ ions in Ce3+:CaF2,” Phys. Rev. B. 36, 8251–8257 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

1978 (2)

W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Yu.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

Andreissen, J.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

Bastings, D.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Brown, D. J. W.

D. W. Coutts, D. J. W. Brown, “Production of high average power UV by second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 768–778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cashmore, J. S.

D. W. Coutts, J. S. Cashmore, C. E. Webb, “Multi kHz PRF cerium lasers pumped by frequency doubled copper vapour lasers,” in Digest of the International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper ThE3.

Castillo, V.

Chai, B. H. T.

Combes, C. M.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

Coutts, D. W.

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “530-mW 7-kHz cerium LiCAF laser pumped by the sum-frequency-mixed output of a copper-vapor laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 232–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, “Optimization of line focusing geometry for efficiency nonlinear frequency conversion from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2208–2214 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, D. J. W. Brown, “Production of high average power UV by second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 768–778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, J. S. Cashmore, C. E. Webb, “Multi kHz PRF cerium lasers pumped by frequency doubled copper vapour lasers,” in Digest of the International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper ThE3.

Dorenbos, P.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

Douard, M.

P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M. A.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

Edmatsu, K.

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

Ehlrich, D. J.

Esterowitz, L.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gayen, S. K.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gesland, J. Y.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghen, R. D.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Govorkov, S. V.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Hamilton, D. S.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “UV-induced loss mechanisms in a Ce3+:YLF4 laser,” J Lumin. 40/41, 319–320 (1988).

G. J. Pogatshnik, D. S. Hamilton, “Excited-state absorption of Ce3+ ions in Ce3+:CaF2,” Phys. Rev. B. 36, 8251–8257 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Izumida, S.

Jacobs, R. R.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Korableva, S. L.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

Kozeki, T.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. P.

Lim, K.-S.

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “Optical gain and loss studies in Ce3+:YLF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1401–1406 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “UV-induced loss mechanisms in a Ce3+:YLF4 laser,” J Lumin. 40/41, 319–320 (1988).

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

Marshall, C. D.

McGonigle, A. J. S.

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “530-mW 7-kHz cerium LiCAF laser pumped by the sum-frequency-mixed output of a copper-vapor laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 232–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Merenga, H.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

Miniscalco, W. J.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Mujilatu, N.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, K.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A. K.

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

Ohtake, H.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Payne, S. A.

Pedrini, C.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pellegrino, J. M.

W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. F.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pogatshnik, G. J.

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pogatshnik, D. S. Hamilton, “Excited-state absorption of Ce3+ ions in Ce3+:CaF2,” Phys. Rev. B. 36, 8251–8257 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Quarles, G. J.

C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, S. A. Payne, W. P. Krupke, G. J. Quarles, V. Castillo, B. H. T. Chai, “Ultraviolet laser emission properties of Ce3+-doped LiSrAlF6 and LiCaAlF6,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2054–2065 (1994).

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rambaldi, P.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, G. H.

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sarakura, N.

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

Sarukura, N.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “All-solid-state tunable ultraviolet subnanosecond laser with direct pumping by the fifth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6446–6448 (1998).

Schroder, T.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Semanshko, V. V.

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

Shimamura, K.

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Speth, J. A.

Stamm, U.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Suzuki, Y.

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

van Eijk, C. W. E.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

Webb, C. E.

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “530-mW 7-kHz cerium LiCAF laser pumped by the sum-frequency-mixed output of a copper-vapor laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 232–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Coutts, J. S. Cashmore, C. E. Webb, “Multi kHz PRF cerium lasers pumped by frequency doubled copper vapour lasers,” in Digest of the International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper ThE3.

Weber, M. J.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Weissner, A. O.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Wolf, J. P.

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W. M.

W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zschocke, W.

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Rambaldi, M. Douard, J. P. Wolf, “New UV tunable solid-state lasers for lidar applications,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 117–120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, M. J. Weber, “Measurements of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for 5d–4f rare earth ion lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 410–412 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. F. Pinto, G. H. Rosenblatt, L. Esterowitz, G. J. Quarles, “Tunable solid-state laser action in Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” Electron. Lett. 30, 240–241 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, S. Girard, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, R. Moncorgé, “10 kHz continuously tunable Ce:LiLuF laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1640–1641 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. W. Coutts, “Optimization of line focusing geometry for efficiency nonlinear frequency conversion from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2208–2214 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

D. W. Coutts, D. J. W. Brown, “Production of high average power UV by second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation from copper-vapor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 768–778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, D. W. Coutts, C. E. Webb, “A 380-mW 7-kHz cerium LiLuF laser pumped by the frequency doubled yellow output of a copper-vapor laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1526–1531 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarakura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, K. Edmatsu, Y. Suzuki, “Ce3+ activated fluorides crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).

J Lumin. (1)

K.-S. Lim, D. S. Hamilton, “UV-induced loss mechanisms in a Ce3+:YLF4 laser,” J Lumin. 40/41, 319–320 (1988).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, J. M. Pellegrino, W. M. Yen, “Measurements of excited-state absorption of Ce3+:YAG,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 6109–6111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semanshko, A. K. Naumov, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+-doped colquiriite, a new concept for all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Liu, K. Shimamura, K. Nakano, N. Mujilatu, T. Fukuda, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, “Direct generation of 27-mJ pulses from a Ce3+:LiLuF4 oscillator using a large-size Ce3+:LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 88–89 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

M. A. Dubinskii, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semanshko, “A new active material for a solid state UV laser with an excimer pump,” Laser Phys. 4, 480–484 (1994).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Rambaldi, R. Moncorgé, J. P. Wolf, C. Pedrini, J. Y. Gesland, “Efficient and stable pulsed laser operation of Ce:LiLuF4 around 308 nm,” Opt. Commun. 146, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. S. Hamilton, S. K. Gayen, G. J. Pogatshnik, R. D. Ghen, W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical-absorption and photoionization measurements from the excited states of Ce3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 8807–8815 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

G. J. Pogatshnik, D. S. Hamilton, “Excited-state absorption of Ce3+ ions in Ce3+:CaF2,” Phys. Rev. B. 36, 8251–8257 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. V. Govorkov, A. O. Weissner, T. Schroder, U. Stamm, W. Zschocke, D. Bastings, “Efficient high average power and narrow spectral linewidth operation of Ce:LiCAF lasers at 1-kHz repetition rate,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 2–5.

D. W. Coutts, J. S. Cashmore, C. E. Webb, “Multi kHz PRF cerium lasers pumped by frequency doubled copper vapour lasers,” in Digest of the International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper ThE3.

J. Andreissen, H. Merenga, C. M. Combes, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, “Calculation of 4f and 5d energy levels of cerium in LiYF4 and LiLuF4 and LiBaF3, and estimate of local distortion,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Inorganic Scintillators and Their Applications, 1995, P. Dorenbos, C. W. E. van Eijk, eds. (Delft University Press, Delft University of Technology, Delft, 1996), pp. 142–143.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prism-tuned Ce:LiLuF laser output power versus wavelength, when the crystal was at -3 and at 25 °C. The tunability of the laser about the 327-nm peak in the fluorescence spectrum is also shown, when the laser cavity was rotated by 90° and the crystal was cooled to -3 °C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental configuration for the prism-tuned Ce:LiLuF laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ce:LiLuF laser output power versus crystal temperature when the laser was tuned to 311 and 327 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Ce:LiLuF laser output power versus pump power when the laser was tuned to 311 and 327 nm, when the Ce:LiLuF crystal was at -3 and at 25 °C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse shapes of the competing polarized modes of operation when the Ce:LiLuF laser was tuned to 327 nm and crystal was cooled to -3 °C.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power of 327.5 nm versus input power when the Ce:LiLuF laser was implemented with the output coupler that forced lasing to occur in the vicinity of the 327-nm peak in the emission spectrum, without imposing any polarization bias on the oscillation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence pulse shapes from the Ce:LiLuF crystal taken when the crystal temperature was -3 and 25 °C as well as for focused and unfocused pumping conditions.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Pulse Shape Data for the Ce:LiLuF Laser Tuned to 327 nma

Tables Icon

Table 2 Small-Signal Single-Pass Gain (G = I out /I in ) in the Ce:LiLuF Crystal a

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Gπ,σ=exp0dN5dzσEMλPROBEπ,σ-σESAλPROBEπ,σ-σCCλPROBEπ,σNCCzdz.

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