Abstract

A new saturable absorber Q switch for 1.54-µm Er:glass lasers is presented. The saturable absorber is a transparent glass ceramic that contains magnesium–aluminum spinel nanocrystallites doped with tetrahedrally coordinated Co2+ ions. We obtained Q-switched pulses of up to 5.5 mJ in energy and 80 ns in duration at 1.54 µm. The relaxation time of 4 A 24 T 1(4 F) transition bleaching was measured to be (450 ± 150) ns. Ground-state and excited-state absorption cross sections at 1.54-µm wavelength were estimated to be (3.2 ± 0.4) × 10-19 cm2 and (5.0 ± 0.6) × 10-20 cm2, respectively.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).
  2. R. Fluck, U. Keller, E. Gini, H. Melchior, “Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 146–149.
  3. R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.
  4. M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:YSGG saturable absorber Q switch for infrared erbium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 339–341 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.
  6. K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchyk, N. V. Kuleshov, K. V. Yumashev, “Co2+:LiGa5O8 saturable absorber passive Q-switch for 1.34 µm Nd3+:YAIO3 and 1.54 µm Er3+:glass lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455–2457 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorge, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, Y. Guyot, “Nonlinear spectroscopy and passive Q-switching operation of a Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189–2194 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.
  10. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, “Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:ZnSe saturable-absorber Q switches for 1.54-µm Er:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 960–962 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T.-Y. Tsai, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:ZnS and Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q switches,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 25–29 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Boiko, A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, “Glass ceramics Co2+ saturable absorber Q-switch for 1.3–1.6 µm spectral region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 185–188.
  13. V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, “Picosecond spectroscopy of excited states in transition metal ion doped new laser materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 320–324.
  14. S. L. Shapiro, Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 75.
  15. Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

2000

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchyk, N. V. Kuleshov, K. V. Yumashev, “Co2+:LiGa5O8 saturable absorber passive Q-switch for 1.34 µm Nd3+:YAIO3 and 1.54 µm Er3+:glass lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455–2457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T.-Y. Tsai, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:ZnS and Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q switches,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 25–29 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1995

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:YSGG saturable absorber Q switch for infrared erbium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 339–341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

1990

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Birnbaum, M.

T.-Y. Tsai, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:ZnS and Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q switches,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 25–29 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:YSGG saturable absorber Q switch for infrared erbium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 339–341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.

Boiko, R.

R. Boiko, A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, “Glass ceramics Co2+ saturable absorber Q-switch for 1.3–1.6 µm spectral region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 185–188.

Camargo, M. B.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:YSGG saturable absorber Q switch for infrared erbium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 339–341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.

Demchyk, M. I.

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchyk, N. V. Kuleshov, K. V. Yumashev, “Co2+:LiGa5O8 saturable absorber passive Q-switch for 1.34 µm Nd3+:YAIO3 and 1.54 µm Er3+:glass lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455–2457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchyk, N. V. Kuleshov, K. V. Yumashev, “Co2+:LiGa5O8 saturable absorber passive Q-switch for 1.34 µm Nd3+:YAIO3 and 1.54 µm Er3+:glass lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455–2457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorge, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, Y. Guyot, “Nonlinear spectroscopy and passive Q-switching operation of a Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189–2194 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B.

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Ferrand, B.

Fluck, R.

R. Fluck, U. Keller, E. Gini, H. Melchior, “Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 146–149.

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Gapontsev, V. P.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Gini, E.

R. Fluck, U. Keller, E. Gini, H. Melchior, “Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 146–149.

Godovikova, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Gromov, A. K.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Guyot, Y.

Hamlin, S.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Huang, M. F.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Izyneev, A. A.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Jiang, Y.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Keller, U.

R. Fluck, U. Keller, E. Gini, H. Melchior, “Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 146–149.

Kertesz, I.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Kuleshov, N. V.

I. A. Denisov, M. I. Demchyk, N. V. Kuleshov, K. V. Yumashev, “Co2+:LiGa5O8 saturable absorber passive Q-switch for 1.34 µm Nd3+:YAIO3 and 1.54 µm Er3+:glass lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2455–2457 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, “Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:ZnSe saturable-absorber Q switches for 1.54-µm Er:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 960–962 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, “Picosecond spectroscopy of excited states in transition metal ion doped new laser materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 320–324.

Kuo, Y. K.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, M. Birnbaum, “Tunable Cr4+:YSO Q-switched Cr:LiCAF laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657–663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.

Levchenko, V. I.

Maksimova, G.

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

Meilman, M.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Melchior, H.

R. Fluck, U. Keller, E. Gini, H. Melchior, “Eyesafe pulsed microchip laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 146–149.

Mikhailov, V. P.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorge, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, Y. Guyot, “Nonlinear spectroscopy and passive Q-switching operation of a Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189–2194 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, “Cr2+:ZnSe and Co2+:ZnSe saturable-absorber Q switches for 1.54-µm Er:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 960–962 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Mikhailov, N. V. Kuleshov, “Picosecond spectroscopy of excited states in transition metal ion doped new laser materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 320–324.

Moncorge, R.

Myers, J.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Myers, M.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

R. Boiko, A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, “Glass ceramics Co2+ saturable absorber Q-switch for 1.3–1.6 µm spectral region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 185–188.

Onishchenko, A. M.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Podlipensky, A. V.

Posnov, N. N.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, V. P. Mikhailov, R. Moncorge, D. Vivien, B. Ferrand, Y. Guyot, “Nonlinear spectroscopy and passive Q-switching operation of a Co2+:LaMgAl11O19 crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2189–2194 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Prokoshin, P. V.

K. V. Yumashev, I. A. Denisov, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, “Nonlinear absorption properties of Co2+:MgAl2O4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 179–194 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rhonehouse, D.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Sadovskii, P. I.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Shapiro, S. L.

S. L. Shapiro, Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 75.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Shestakov, A. V.

R. Boiko, A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, “Glass ceramics Co2+ saturable absorber Q-switch for 1.3–1.6 µm spectral region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, W. R. Bosenberg, M. M. Fejer, eds., Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 185–188.

Stultz, R. D.

M. B. Camargo, R. D. Stultz, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:YSGG saturable absorber Q switch for infrared erbium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 339–341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

B. Denker, B. Galagan, E. Godovikova, M. Meilman, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, I. Kertesz, “Efficient saturable absorber for 1.54 µm Er glass lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 618–620.

Sverchkov, Yu.

B. Denker, G. Maksimova, V. Osiko, S. Sverchkov, Yu. Sverchkov, “Erbium glass laser with passive Q-switching of the resonator by a component containing erbium,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.21, 774–776 (1991).

Tsai, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Tsai, M. Birnbaum, “Co2+:ZnS and Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q switches,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 25–29 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Unlu, F.

M. Birnbaum, M. B. Camargo, S. Lee, F. Unlu, R. D. Stultz, “Co2+:ZnSe saturable absorber Q-switch for the 1.54 µm Er3+:Yb3+:glass laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 148–151.

Vivien, D.

Vorob’ev, I. L.

I. L. Vorob’ev, V. P. Gapontsev, A. K. Gromov, A. A. Izyneev, A. M. Onishchenko, P. I. Sadovskii, “An erbium minilaser under free-running and Q-switched operation,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 1156–1159 (1990).

Wu, R.

R. Wu, D. Rhonehouse, M. Myers, S. Hamlin, J. Myers, Y. Jiang, “Spectral bleaching and 1535 nm Q-switching of uranium glass,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai, S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 440–444.

Yakimovich, V. N.

Yumashev, K. V.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

X-ray diffraction patterns of the Co2+-doped MAS sample heat treated at 750 °C for 6 h and at 1000 °C for 6 h.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of the Co2+-doped MAS sample. The inset shows an energy-level diagram of the Co2+ ion in the tetrahedral field of T d symmetry.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Kinetics of differential absorption for the Co2+-doped MAS sample at 0.57 µm after 75-ns of 1.54-µm laser excitation. (b) Dependence of transmission of the Co2+-doped MAS sample at 1.54-µm wavelength on the input energy fluence with a pulse duration of 75 ns. The solid curve represents the result of the fit with the aid of Eq. (2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the passively Q-switched 1.54-µm Er3+:glass laser cavity.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Passive Q-Switch Performance of the Co2+:MAS Sample at 1.54 µm

Equations (2)

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lnTt/T0=1-exp-t/τlnT/T0,
dE/dz=-hνln1/T0/LσGSA1-σESA/σGSA×1-exp-σGSAE/hν-ln1/T0σESAE/LσGSA,

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