Abstract

The dependence of fluorescence intensity distributions within droplets on added dye concentration has been calculated by extension of the geometrical-optics approximation and verified by experimental observations. With rising dye concentration, surface plots of the equatorial fluorescence pattern show decreasing relevance of intensity enhancement at focusing points of internal light rays and increasing effects of linear absorption on the characteristic features of the distribution. For comparison with experimentally obtained images of the fluorescence intensity distribution within droplets, a method for calculating volume-integrated intensity distributions was developed in which image distortion at the fluid–air interface is included. A comparison of the calculated and the experimentally determined fluorescence intensity distributions within a droplet confirmed the accuracy of the geometrical-optics approach at high dye concentrations. However, discrepancies from experimental results are visible at low dye concentrations owing to nonlinear optical effects.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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