Abstract

Various lines of atomic fluorine laser have been studied over a wide pressure range for determination of the relative intensity of each pressure-dependent line. In this investigation, the most probable laser pumping mechanisms have been verified.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. A. Kovacs, C. J. Ultee, “Visible laser action in fluorine. I,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 39–40 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Q. Jeffers, C. E. Wiswall, “Laser action in atomic fluorine based on collisional dissociation of HF*,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 444–447 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. O. Hocker, T. B. Phi, “Pressure dependence of the atomic fluorine laser transition intensities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 493–494 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. H. Miller, H. Morgner, “A unified treatment of Penning ionization and excitation transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4923–4930 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Schaefer, H. Kirkici, “On the excitation mechanism of the cw atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2344–2349 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. O. Hocker, “High-resolution study of the helium-fluorine laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 262–265 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, “The atomic fluorine laser: spectral pressure dependence,” Opt. Commun. 21, 255–257 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. Schaefer, H. Kirkici, “On the excitation mechanism of the cw atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2344–2349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1977 (2)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, “The atomic fluorine laser: spectral pressure dependence,” Opt. Commun. 21, 255–257 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Miller, H. Morgner, “A unified treatment of Penning ionization and excitation transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4923–4930 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

L. O. Hocker, T. B. Phi, “Pressure dependence of the atomic fluorine laser transition intensities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 493–494 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

M. A. Kovacs, C. J. Ultee, “Visible laser action in fluorine. I,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 39–40 (1970).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Jeffers, C. E. Wiswall, “Laser action in atomic fluorine based on collisional dissociation of HF*,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 444–447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, L. W.

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, J. M.

C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Collins, C. B.

C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Collins, G. J.

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fitzsimmons, W. A.

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, T.

S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hocker, L. O.

L. O. Hocker, “High-resolution study of the helium-fluorine laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 262–265 (1978).
[CrossRef]

L. O. Hocker, T. B. Phi, “Pressure dependence of the atomic fluorine laser transition intensities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 493–494 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jeffers, W. Q.

W. Q. Jeffers, C. E. Wiswall, “Laser action in atomic fluorine based on collisional dissociation of HF*,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 444–447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kirkici, H.

G. Schaefer, H. Kirkici, “On the excitation mechanism of the cw atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2344–2349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kovacs, M. A.

M. A. Kovacs, C. J. Ultee, “Visible laser action in fluorine. I,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 39–40 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lawler, J. E.

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lee, F. W.

C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Loree, T. R.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, “The atomic fluorine laser: spectral pressure dependence,” Opt. Commun. 21, 255–257 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, J. D.

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Miller, W. H.

W. H. Miller, H. Morgner, “A unified treatment of Penning ionization and excitation transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4923–4930 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, H.

W. H. Miller, H. Morgner, “A unified treatment of Penning ionization and excitation transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4923–4930 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. W.

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Parvin, P.

M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phi, T. B.

L. O. Hocker, T. B. Phi, “Pressure dependence of the atomic fluorine laser transition intensities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 493–494 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pihlstrom, B. G.

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sadighi, R.

M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schaefer, G.

G. Schaefer, H. Kirkici, “On the excitation mechanism of the cw atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2344–2349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, S.

S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sze, R. C.

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, “The atomic fluorine laser: spectral pressure dependence,” Opt. Commun. 21, 255–257 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ultee, C. J.

M. A. Kovacs, C. J. Ultee, “Visible laser action in fluorine. I,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 39–40 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wiswall, C. E.

W. Q. Jeffers, C. E. Wiswall, “Laser action in atomic fluorine based on collisional dissociation of HF*,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 444–447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Zaeferani, M. S.

M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. A. Kovacs, C. J. Ultee, “Visible laser action in fluorine. I,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 39–40 (1970).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Jeffers, C. E. Wiswall, “Laser action in atomic fluorine based on collisional dissociation of HF*,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 444–447 (1970).
[CrossRef]

L. O. Hocker, T. B. Phi, “Pressure dependence of the atomic fluorine laser transition intensities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 493–494 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Collins, F. W. Lee, J. M. Carroll, “An atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+ at high pressures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 857–859 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. J. Rocca, J. D. Meyer, B. G. Pihlstrom, G. J. Collins, “cw laser action in atomic fluorine,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 625–628 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. Schaefer, H. Kirkici, “On the excitation mechanism of the cw atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2344–2349 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. E. Lawler, J. W. Parker, L. W. Anderson, W. A. Fitzsimmons, “Experimental investigation of the atomic fluorine laser,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 609–613 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Sumida, M. Obara, T. Fujioka, “Novel neutral atomic fluorine laser lines in a high-pressure mixture of F2 and He,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3884–3887 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

W. H. Miller, H. Morgner, “A unified treatment of Penning ionization and excitation transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4923–4930 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. R. Loree, R. C. Sze, “The atomic fluorine laser: spectral pressure dependence,” Opt. Commun. 21, 255–257 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

M. S. Zaeferani, P. Parvin, R. Sadighi, “Pressure dependence of the spectral lines of a high-power, high pressure atomic fluorine laser pumped by charge transfer from He2+,” Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 203–205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Flow chart of the kinetic process relevant to pumping mechanism (6).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Flow chart of the kinetic process relevant to pumping mechanism (7).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy diagram for excited fluorine and helium, He+ and He2+ species.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing transitions observed in this study.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical pulse of an atomic-fluorine laser: P = 1.5 atm; V = 14 kV; 5 V per division; 10 ns per division.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral variation of the atomic-fluorine laser at various subatmospheric pressures.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectral variation of the atomic-fluorine laser at various atmospheric pressures.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Intensity variation of the atomic-fluorine laser lines versus subatmospheric pressures. (b) Intensity variation of the atomic-fluorine laser lines versus total pressures from 2 psia to 5.5 atm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Relative Variation of Intensity of F Laser Lines in Various Pressure Intervals and Corresponding Dominant Pumping Speciesa

Equations (8)

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XF+H2HF1Σ+, ν=0+H+X,
HF1Σ+, ν=0+He2s1 SHe1s2 1S+H1s 2S+F*3p+ΔE,
He*+NF3He+NF2+F*3p.
He++NF3He+NF2+F*3p.
HeF*He1s2 1S+F*3p.
He*+XFHe+X+F*, He23S+F2F*3p+F+He1S +ΔE=3.7 eV
He++F-He+F*3p,
He2+ + F-  2He + F*3p,

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