Abstract

Efficient operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser on low-gain 1378- and 1385-nm transitions is reported for the first time, to our knowledge. A three-mirror folded cavity with a prism yielded a cw laser output power of 800 mW for an absorbed pump power of 11 W. The laser beam was TEM00. We managed to eliminate the instabilities in the output power by purging the cavity of water vapor with nitrogen.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4996–5005 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. Hanson, “Laser-diode side-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser at 1.08 and 1.34 µm,” Opt. Lett. 14, 674–676 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Scarl, R. Burnham, S. R. Bowman, Barry J. Feldman, “Diode-pumped 1.34-µm Nd3+:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5005–5008 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. Scarl, “Absolute wavelength standard for tunable 1341-nm Nd3+:YAlO3 laser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 112.
  7. L. S. Lingway, G. J. Dixon, N. Djeu, “Tunable single-frequency 1.3-µm Nd:YAlO microlaser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 115.
  8. H. M. Kretschmann, F. Heine, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, “High-power diode-pumped continuous-wave Nd3+ lasers at wavelengths near 1.44 µm,” Opt. Lett. 22, 466–468 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.
  10. H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Kellner, F. Heine, G. Huber, C. Hönninger, B. Braun, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locked Nd:YAlO3 laser at 930 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1663–1666 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, J. Bösenberg, “Efficient operation of a diode-bar-pumped Nd:YAG laser on the low-gain 1123-nm line,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5761–5764 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Resonator design considerations for high-power TEM00 operation of a Nd:YAG laser at 1.3 µm end pumped by a diode bar,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 479.

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

F. Hanson, “Laser-diode side-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser at 1.08 and 1.34 µm,” Opt. Lett. 14, 674–676 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

1971 (2)

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4996–5005 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971).
[Crossref]

Bösenberg, J.

Bowman, S. R.

Braun, B.

Burnham, R.

Clarkson, W. A.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, J. Bösenberg, “Efficient operation of a diode-bar-pumped Nd:YAG laser on the low-gain 1123-nm line,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5761–5764 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Resonator design considerations for high-power TEM00 operation of a Nd:YAG laser at 1.3 µm end pumped by a diode bar,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 479.

Dixon, G. J.

L. S. Lingway, G. J. Dixon, N. Djeu, “Tunable single-frequency 1.3-µm Nd:YAlO microlaser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 115.

Djeu, N.

L. S. Lingway, G. J. Dixon, N. Djeu, “Tunable single-frequency 1.3-µm Nd:YAlO microlaser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 115.

Feldman, Barry J.

Gavrilovic, P.

J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, J. Bösenberg, “Efficient operation of a diode-bar-pumped Nd:YAG laser on the low-gain 1123-nm line,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5761–5764 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Resonator design considerations for high-power TEM00 operation of a Nd:YAG laser at 1.3 µm end pumped by a diode bar,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 479.

Hanson, F.

Heine, F.

T. Kellner, F. Heine, G. Huber, C. Hönninger, B. Braun, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locked Nd:YAlO3 laser at 930 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1663–1666 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. M. Kretschmann, F. Heine, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, “High-power diode-pumped continuous-wave Nd3+ lasers at wavelengths near 1.44 µm,” Opt. Lett. 22, 466–468 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.

Hönninger, C.

Huang, C.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

T. Kellner, F. Heine, G. Huber, C. Hönninger, B. Braun, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locked Nd:YAlO3 laser at 930 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1663–1666 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. M. Kretschmann, F. Heine, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, “High-power diode-pumped continuous-wave Nd3+ lasers at wavelengths near 1.44 µm,” Opt. Lett. 22, 466–468 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.

Keller, U.

Kellner, T.

T. Kellner, F. Heine, G. Huber, C. Hönninger, B. Braun, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Soliton mode-locked Nd:YAlO3 laser at 930 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1663–1666 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.

Kern, M. A.

M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Resonator design considerations for high-power TEM00 operation of a Nd:YAG laser at 1.3 µm end pumped by a diode bar,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 479.

Kretschmann, H.

F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.

Kretschmann, H. M.

Lehmann, S.

Lian, T.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

Liao, H.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Lingway, L. S.

L. S. Lingway, G. J. Dixon, N. Djeu, “Tunable single-frequency 1.3-µm Nd:YAlO microlaser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 115.

Massey, G. A.

G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971).
[Crossref]

Moore, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Ostroumov, V. G.

Scarl, D.

D. Scarl, R. Burnham, S. R. Bowman, Barry J. Feldman, “Diode-pumped 1.34-µm Nd3+:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5005–5008 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Scarl, “Absolute wavelength standard for tunable 1341-nm Nd3+:YAlO3 laser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 112.

Shen, H.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Singh, S.

J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Varitimos, T. E.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4996–5005 (1971).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4996–5005 (1971).
[Crossref]

Yarborough, J. M.

G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971).
[Crossref]

Ye, Q.

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yu, G.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zarrabi, J. H.

J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zeng, R.

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zheng, R.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. H. Zarrabi, P. Gavrilovic, S. Singh, “Intracavity, frequency-doubled, miniaturized Nd:YAlO3 blue laser at 465 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2439–2441 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. A. Massey, J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Shen, T. Lian, R. Zheng, Y. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Huang, H. Liao, Z. Zheng, “Measurement of the stimulated emission cross section for the 4F3/2–4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ in YAlO3 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 144–146 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4996–5005 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

H. Shen, Y. Zhou, R. Zeng, G. Yu, Q. Ye, C. Huang, X. Huang, H. Liao, “High-power 1.3414-µm Nd:YAP cw laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 18, 193–197 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

F. Heine, H. Kretschmann, T. Kellner, G. Huber, “Diode-pumped, cw Nd lasers with 4.9-Watt output in the eye-safe region,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock, W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 162.

D. Scarl, “Absolute wavelength standard for tunable 1341-nm Nd3+:YAlO3 laser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 112.

L. S. Lingway, G. J. Dixon, N. Djeu, “Tunable single-frequency 1.3-µm Nd:YAlO microlaser,” in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), p. 115.

M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Resonator design considerations for high-power TEM00 operation of a Nd:YAG laser at 1.3 µm end pumped by a diode bar,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 479.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diode-pumped Nd:YAlO3 laser operating on the 1378- and 1385-nm lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output signals for a Nd:YAlO3 laser on the 1378- and 1385-nm lines operating in the air (thin curve) and in an atmosphere purged of water vapor (thick curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus absorbed pump power for a Nd:YAlO3 laser: comparison between the 1378- and 1385-nm lines (circles) and the 1430-nm line (squares).

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