Abstract

Compact disc-recordable (CD-R) and digital versatile disc-recordable (DVD-R) discs were fabricated with a polycarbonate substrate, metallic thin film, organic buffer layer, reflective layer, and protective layer. Recording characteristics of a CD-R disc at various recording speeds, from 1x to 8x, were evaluated, and the deformation shapes of each layer after recording were investigated and compared with the DVD-R disc. The relationship between deformation and recording characteristics was studied and interpreted by numerical calculation. The modulated amplitude of recorded signals is increased as the recording speed increases, owing to the increase in decomposition of the buffer layer, which resulted from the localization of heat on the metallic thin film. On the basis of these results, a DVD-R disc with metallic thin film is expected to have better recording characteristics at a higher recording speed.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Hamada, Y. Shin, T. Ishiguro, “CD-compatible write-once disk with high reflectivity,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., SPIE Proc.1078, 80–89 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Bartholomeusz, “Recent advances in optical media manufacturing technology,” in Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ISOM/ODS 1999, S. Kubota, R. Katayama, D. G. Stinson, eds., Proc. SPIE3864, 320–322 (1999).
  3. Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Yokota, T. Sasakawa, H. Hyakutake, “Phthalocyanine CD-R for high-speed recording,” in Optical Data Storage, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., SPIE Proc.2514, 249–257 (1995).
  5. K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Orange Book, Part II, Ver. 2.0 (Philips Consumer Electronics B. V., Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1994).
  8. A. H. M. Holtslag, “Calculations on temperature profiles in optical recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1530–1543 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. H. M. Holtslag, “Calculations on temperature profiles in optical recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1530–1543 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bartholomeusz, B. J.

B. J. Bartholomeusz, “Recent advances in optical media manufacturing technology,” in Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ISOM/ODS 1999, S. Kubota, R. Katayama, D. G. Stinson, eds., Proc. SPIE3864, 320–322 (1999).

Dubbledam, G.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hamada, E.

E. Hamada, Y. Shin, T. Ishiguro, “CD-compatible write-once disk with high reflectivity,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., SPIE Proc.1078, 80–89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Holstlag, A. E. M.

A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Holtslag, A. H. M.

A. H. M. Holtslag, “Calculations on temperature profiles in optical recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1530–1543 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huh, Y. J.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hyakutake, H.

C. Yokota, T. Sasakawa, H. Hyakutake, “Phthalocyanine CD-R for high-speed recording,” in Optical Data Storage, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., SPIE Proc.2514, 249–257 (1995).

Ishiguro, T.

E. Hamada, Y. Shin, T. Ishiguro, “CD-compatible write-once disk with high reflectivity,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., SPIE Proc.1078, 80–89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. C.

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maaskant, N.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McCord, E. F.

A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Min, K. S.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nam, T. Y.

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sasakawa, T.

C. Yokota, T. Sasakawa, H. Hyakutake, “Phthalocyanine CD-R for high-speed recording,” in Optical Data Storage, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., SPIE Proc.2514, 249–257 (1995).

Shim, H. K.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shin, Y.

E. Hamada, Y. Shin, T. Ishiguro, “CD-compatible write-once disk with high reflectivity,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., SPIE Proc.1078, 80–89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Werumeus Buniung, G. H.

A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wijk, R. J.

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, C.

C. Yokota, T. Sasakawa, H. Hyakutake, “Phthalocyanine CD-R for high-speed recording,” in Optical Data Storage, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., SPIE Proc.2514, 249–257 (1995).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. H. M. Holtslag, “Calculations on temperature profiles in optical recording,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1530–1543 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (4)

A. E. M. Holstlag, E. F. McCord, G. H. Werumeus Buniung, “Recording mechanism of overcoated metallized dye layer on polycarbonate substrates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 484–493 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, S. H. Kim, R. J. Wijk, G. Dubbledam, N. Maaskant, “New recordable optical discs with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 2089–2093 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Min, Y. J. Huh, H. K. Shim, “New digital versatile disc recordable (DVD-R) with metal thin film and organic film on polycarbonate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1675–1678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huh, J. S. Kim, T. Y. Nam, S. C. Kim, “Deformation effects and recording characteristics of compact disc-recordables,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 403–409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. Yokota, T. Sasakawa, H. Hyakutake, “Phthalocyanine CD-R for high-speed recording,” in Optical Data Storage, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., SPIE Proc.2514, 249–257 (1995).

E. Hamada, Y. Shin, T. Ishiguro, “CD-compatible write-once disk with high reflectivity,” in Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, G. R. Knight, C. N. Kurtz, eds., SPIE Proc.1078, 80–89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Bartholomeusz, “Recent advances in optical media manufacturing technology,” in Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ISOM/ODS 1999, S. Kubota, R. Katayama, D. G. Stinson, eds., Proc. SPIE3864, 320–322 (1999).

Orange Book, Part II, Ver. 2.0 (Philips Consumer Electronics B. V., Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1994).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AFM images of a recorded MPD CD-R disc at 1x and 8x speeds (dashed line, line-analyzed area at Fig. 2).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Line analysis of a recorded MPD CD-R disc by AFM. (a) Substrate across a groove, (b) the buffer layer along the recorded groove, and (c) the reflective layer along the recorded groove.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerically calculated temperature distribution. (a) A MPD CD-R disc, and (b) a MPD CD-R disc and a disc without Ta with 8-mW recording power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Three-dimensional AFM images and line analysis of a deformed buffer layer after recording. (a) A MPD DVD-R disc and (b) a DVD-R disc without Ta (dashed line, line-analyzed area).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical and Physical Properties of Materials Used in Experiment

Tables Icon

Table 2 Recording Characteristics of a MPD CD-R Disc Recorded by a Plextor CD Recorder

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Table 3 Recording Characteristics of a MPD DVD-R Disc Recorded by a DVD-R Recorder

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