Abstract

A simple method of nulling broadband light is presented. A mirror-symmetric pair of right-angle periscopes is first used to introduce a geometric field flip between two incident light beams, after which the light is combined by means of one of a number of constructive two-beam interferometers. A reciprocal pair of beam-splitter passages provides for complete symmetry. Such an approach greatly eases beam-splitter design requirements and should find use both in initial ground-based nulling experiments and ultimately in space-borne interferometers targeted at direct extrasolar planet detection.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. A. Beichman, N. J. Woolf, C. A. Lindensmith, “The terrestrial planet finder (TPF): a NASA origins program to search for habitable planets,” (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tpf.jpl.nasa.gov .
  2. K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Baudoz, J. Gay, Y. Rabbia, “Interfero-coronagraphy: a tool for detection of faint companions,” in Vol. 134 of the ASP Conference Series, Brown Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets, R. Rebelo, E. L. Martin, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, eds. (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1998), pp. 254–261.
  4. R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, N. Woolf, “Nulling interferometric beam combiner utilizing dielectric plates: experimental results in the visible broadband,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Lena, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 340–348 (2000).
  5. P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, New York, 1988), Sect. 5.3.
  6. Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, New York, 1976), Sect. 6.1.
  7. E. Serabyn, J. K. Wallace, G. J. Hardy, E. G. H. Schmidtlin, H. T. Nguyen, “Deep nulling of visible laser light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7128–7132 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1984).
  9. D. Mozurkewich, “A hybrid design for a six way beam combiner,” in Amplitude and Intensity Spatial Interferometry II, J. B. Breckinridge, ed., Proc. SPIE2200, 76–80 (1994).

2000 (1)

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Baudoz, P.

P. Baudoz, J. Gay, Y. Rabbia, “Interfero-coronagraphy: a tool for detection of faint companions,” in Vol. 134 of the ASP Conference Series, Brown Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets, R. Rebelo, E. L. Martin, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, eds. (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1998), pp. 254–261.

Beichman, C. A.

C. A. Beichman, N. J. Woolf, C. A. Lindensmith, “The terrestrial planet finder (TPF): a NASA origins program to search for habitable planets,” (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tpf.jpl.nasa.gov .

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1984).

Burge, J.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, N. Woolf, “Nulling interferometric beam combiner utilizing dielectric plates: experimental results in the visible broadband,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Lena, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 340–348 (2000).

Gay, J.

P. Baudoz, J. Gay, Y. Rabbia, “Interfero-coronagraphy: a tool for detection of faint companions,” in Vol. 134 of the ASP Conference Series, Brown Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets, R. Rebelo, E. L. Martin, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, eds. (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1998), pp. 254–261.

Hardy, G.

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hardy, G. J.

Knittl, Z.

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, New York, 1976), Sect. 6.1.

Lindensmith, C. A.

C. A. Beichman, N. J. Woolf, C. A. Lindensmith, “The terrestrial planet finder (TPF): a NASA origins program to search for habitable planets,” (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tpf.jpl.nasa.gov .

Morgan, R. M.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, N. Woolf, “Nulling interferometric beam combiner utilizing dielectric plates: experimental results in the visible broadband,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Lena, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 340–348 (2000).

Mozurkewich, D.

D. Mozurkewich, “A hybrid design for a six way beam combiner,” in Amplitude and Intensity Spatial Interferometry II, J. B. Breckinridge, ed., Proc. SPIE2200, 76–80 (1994).

Nguyen, H. T.

Rabbia, Y.

P. Baudoz, J. Gay, Y. Rabbia, “Interfero-coronagraphy: a tool for detection of faint companions,” in Vol. 134 of the ASP Conference Series, Brown Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets, R. Rebelo, E. L. Martin, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, eds. (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1998), pp. 254–261.

Schmidtlin, E. G. H.

Serabyn, E.

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Serabyn, J. K. Wallace, G. J. Hardy, E. G. H. Schmidtlin, H. T. Nguyen, “Deep nulling of visible laser light,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7128–7132 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, J. K.

Wallace, K.

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1984).

Woolf, N.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, N. Woolf, “Nulling interferometric beam combiner utilizing dielectric plates: experimental results in the visible broadband,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Lena, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 340–348 (2000).

Woolf, N. J.

C. A. Beichman, N. J. Woolf, C. A. Lindensmith, “The terrestrial planet finder (TPF): a NASA origins program to search for habitable planets,” (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tpf.jpl.nasa.gov .

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, New York, 1988), Sect. 5.3.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Nature (1)

K. Wallace, G. Hardy, E. Serabyn, “Deep and stable interferometric nulling of broadband light with implications for observing planets around nearby stars,” Nature 406, 700–702 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (7)

P. Baudoz, J. Gay, Y. Rabbia, “Interfero-coronagraphy: a tool for detection of faint companions,” in Vol. 134 of the ASP Conference Series, Brown Dwarfs and Extrasolar Planets, R. Rebelo, E. L. Martin, M. R. Zapatero Osorio, eds. (Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco, Calif., 1998), pp. 254–261.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, N. Woolf, “Nulling interferometric beam combiner utilizing dielectric plates: experimental results in the visible broadband,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Lena, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 340–348 (2000).

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, New York, 1988), Sect. 5.3.

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, New York, 1976), Sect. 6.1.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1984).

D. Mozurkewich, “A hybrid design for a six way beam combiner,” in Amplitude and Intensity Spatial Interferometry II, J. B. Breckinridge, ed., Proc. SPIE2200, 76–80 (1994).

C. A. Beichman, N. J. Woolf, C. A. Lindensmith, “The terrestrial planet finder (TPF): a NASA origins program to search for habitable planets,” (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1999); http://tpf.jpl.nasa.gov .

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