A coordinate-transform technique is proposed that enables the Fourier-transform method to analyze an interferogram that includes a closed-fringe pattern. First, the closed-fringe pattern is converted to an open-fringe pattern by transformation of the Cartesian coordinate system to a polar coordinate system. Then the phase distribution for the open-fringe interferogram is determined by the conventional Fourier-transform method. The phase distribution for the original closed-fringe pattern is obtained by inverse coordinate transformation from the polar coordinate system back to the Cartesian coordinate system. Computer simulation and experiments were performed for a closed-fringe pattern generated by interference of a spherical wave with a reference plane wave, and results are presented that demonstrate the validity of the proposed technique.
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