Abstract

We demonstrate a fiber-optic sensor scheme, capable of the simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber Bragg grating written in an erbium:ytterbium-doped fiber. This compact fiber-grating-based sensor scheme, believed to be novel, can be used for synchronous measurement of strain and temperature over ranges of 1100 µε and 50–180 °C with rms errors of 55.8 µε and 3 °C, respectively. The simple and low-cost sensor approach has a considerable potential, particularly for wide-range strain-sensing applications in which high resolution is not required.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Simultaneous strain and temperature sensing with photogenerated in-fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 333–335 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. V. Bhatia, D. Campbell, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with long-period gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 648–650 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Jung, H. Nam, J. H. Lee, N. Park, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single-fiber Bragg grating and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2749–2751 (1999).
    [Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (3)

V. Bhatia, D. Campbell, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with long-period gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 648–650 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

Archambault, J. L.

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bhatia, V.

Campbell, D.

Choi, S. S.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Claus, R. O.

Dakin, J. P.

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dockney, M. L.

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Handerek, V. A.

James, S. W.

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

Kanellopoulos, S. E.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

J. Jung, H. Nam, J. H. Lee, N. Park, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single-fiber Bragg grating and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2749–2751 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

Lee, S. B.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nam, H.

Park, N.

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Reekie, L.

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

Rogers, A. J.

Song, M.

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tatam, R. P.

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

V. Bhatia, D. Campbell, R. O. Claus, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement with long-period gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 648–650 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xu, M. G.

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. G. Xu, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, J. P. Dakin, “Discrimination between strain and temperature effects using dual-wavelength fiber grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1085–1087 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. W. James, M. L. Dockney, R. P. Tatam, “Simultaneous independent temperature and strain measurement using in-fiber Bragg grating sensors,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1133–1134 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersey, J. R. Pedrazzani, A. M. Vengsarkar, “Hybrid fiber Bragg grating/long period fiber grating sensor for strain/temperature discrimination,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1223–1225 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, “Fiber grating sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442–1463 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Song, S. B. Lee, S. S. Choi, B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using two fiber Bragg gratings embedded in a glass tube,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 194–196 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single FBG written in EYDF. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Comparison between measured and applied strain, (b) comparison between measured and applied temperature. Here we measured strain and temperature simultaneously by measuring transmitted power and wavelength shift as the FBG written in EYDF was heated up to 180 °C while the strain was randomly applied to the FBG during heating.

Equations (2)

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ΔPΔλB=A BC DεΔT
εΔT=A BC D-1ΔPΔλB

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