Abstract

We report on the experimental measurement of the saturated gain of Yb3+:Sr5(PO4)3F at the 1047-nm laser line as a function of pump fluence and probe energy. The emission line was accurately modeled as a single homogeneous extraction, yielding values of 6.2 × 10–20 cm2 for the emission cross section and 3.3 J/cm2 for the saturation fluence.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Pierce, R. D. Mead, “Yb:S-FAP laser performance,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 19–28 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).
  5. L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.
  9. H. W. Etzel, H. W. Gandy, R. J. Ginther, “Stimulated emission of infrared radiation from ytterbium activated silicate glass,” Appl. Opt. 1, 534–536 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. F. Krupke, L. L. Chase, “Ground state depleted (GSD) solid state lasers: principles, characteristics, and scaling,” in High Power and Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1040, 68–83 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, T. Y. Fan, “Room-temperature diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1089–1091 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 49–55.
  17. S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1155–1163 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1981–1992 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).

1996 (3)

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1981–1992 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1982 (1)

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1155–1163 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

Bayramian, A.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Bayramian, A. J.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Beach, R. J.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1981–1992 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Brown, R. M.

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, L. L. Chase, “Ground state depleted (GSD) solid state lasers: principles, characteristics, and scaling,” in High Power and Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1040, 68–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

Cormont, P.

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cox, A. M.

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, M. R.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Emanuel, M.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Emanuel, M. A.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Etzel, H. W.

Fan, T. Y.

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Fulkerson, S.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Gandy, H. W.

Geusic, J. E.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ginther, R. J.

Gloster, L. A. W.

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Holton, W. C.

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Hopps, N. W.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 49–55.

Krupke, B.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Krupke, W. F.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, L. L. Chase, “Ground state depleted (GSD) solid state lasers: principles, characteristics, and scaling,” in High Power and Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1040, 68–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

Lawson, J.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Marshall, C.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Marshall, C. D.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mead, R. D.

J. W. Pierce, R. D. Mead, “Yb:S-FAP laser performance,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 19–28 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1155–1163 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nodvik, J. S.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Orth, C.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Orth, C. D.

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Payne, S. A.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1981–1992 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petty, C.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Pierce, J. W.

J. W. Pierce, R. D. Mead, “Yb:S-FAP laser performance,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 19–28 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Powell, H. T.

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1981–1992 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Reinberg, A. R.

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Riseberg, L. A.

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Schaffers, K. I.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shuangchen, R.

L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).

Skidmore, J.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Smith, L.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Smith, L. K.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Telford, S.

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

Van Uitert, L. G.

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wacker, R. W.

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

Xiao, L.

L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).

Yarema, S. M.

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1155–1163 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yhu-Ping, T.

L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).

Acta Photonica Sin. (China) (1)

L. Xiao, R. Shuangchen, T. Yhu-Ping, “Mode-locked Yb:S-FAP laser,” Acta Photonica Sin. (China) 26, 1007–1014 (1997).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. F. Johnson, J. E. Geusic, L. G. Van Uitert, “Coherent oscillations from Tm3+, Ho3+, Yb3+, and Er3+ ions in yttrium aluminum garnet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 127–129 (1965).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Reinberg, L. A. Riseberg, R. M. Brown, R. W. Wacker, W. C. Holton, “Ga As:Si LED pumped Yb-doped YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 11–13 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. A. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-xBax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 35, 665–674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. M. Yarema, D. Milam, “Gain saturation in phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1155–1163 (1982).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, H. T. Powell, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, “1.047-µm Yb:Sr5(PO4)3F energy storage optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 67–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvik, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nucl. Fusion (1)

C. D. Orth, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “A diode pumped solid state laser driver for inertial fusion energy,” Nucl. Fusion 36, 75–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. A. W. Gloster, P. Cormont, A. M. Cox, T. A. King, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Yb:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 146, 177–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

C. Marshall, C. Bibeau, A. Bayramian, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, B. Freitas, S. Fulkerson, E. Honea, B. Krupke, J. Lawson, C. Orth, S. Payne, C. Petty, H. Powell, K. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, L. Smith, S. Sutton, S. Telford, “Next-generation laser for inertial confinement fusion,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 19 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 318–325.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 49–55.

J. W. Pierce, R. D. Mead, “Yb:S-FAP laser performance,” in Solid State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE2986, 19–28 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, L. L. Chase, “Ground state depleted (GSD) solid state lasers: principles, characteristics, and scaling,” in High Power and Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1040, 68–83 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level structure of Yb:S-FAP.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Saturated gain experiment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain versus pump fluence and probe energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain versus probe energy at peak pump fluence, 18 J/cm2, with error analysis.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison Spectroscopic Properties of Yb3+- and Nd3+-Doped Laser Materials

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Fsat=hνσem kFout, τ,
dNgndz, tdt=- dNexz, tdt=-σabsωpNgndz, tIpz, tωp+Nexz, tτ,
dIpz, tdz=-σabsωpNgndz, tIpz, t,
G0=expNexσemωLl-NgrσabsωLl,
G=FoutFin=FsatFin ln1+G0expFinFsat-1,

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