Abstract

The asymmetry of the UV-induced refractive-index profile in photosensitive optical fibers causes a deformation of the modal fields, resulting in transition losses between UV-exposed and unexposed fiber sections up to 0.1 dB for UV-induced index changes of the order of ≤10-2. A numerical analysis of the transition losses is developed. It is verified experimentally that the loss is caused by coupling of power of the fundamental mode to cladding modes at such a transition.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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