Abstract

A comparison of numerical analyses with experimental measurements suggests that both the ray-tracing and the Gaussian beam-propagation models overestimate the misalignment tolerances for on-axis beams and fail to predict the large longitudinal focal shift that occurs for off-axis beams propagating in free-space optical interconnects.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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1999

1998

1997

1996

F. A. P. Tooley, “Challenges in optically interconnecting electronics,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 3–13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Rolston, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, D. V. Plant, “Analysis of a microchannel interconnect based on the clustering of smart-pixel-device windows,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1220–1233 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987

1982

1981

Y. Li, E. Wolf, “Focal shifts in diffracted converging spherical waves,” Opt. Commun. 39, 211–215 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D.

S. De Nicola, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, “Focal shift effects in diffracted focused beams,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 1249–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Belland, P.

Bridgen, J. M.

Chiarulli, D. M.

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Crenn, J. P.

Cunningham, J. E.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D’Asaro, L. A.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dahringer, D.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

De Nicola, S.

S. De Nicola, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, “Focal shift effects in diffracted focused beams,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 1249–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, C.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chaps. 3 and 4.

Goosen, K. W.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, H. S.

Hui, S. P.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kanzaki, O.

Kossives, D.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurzweg, T. P.

Leibenguth, R. E.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lentine, A. L.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Levitan, S. P.

Li, Y.

Y. Li, E. Wolf, “Focal shifts in diffracted converging spherical waves,” Opt. Commun. 39, 211–215 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lisak, M.

S. De Nicola, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, “Focal shift effects in diffracted focused beams,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 1249–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Marchand, P. J.

Martinez, J. A.

McCarthy, A.

A. McCarthy, F. A. P. Tooley, B. Robertson, J. M. Miller, “Broken symmetry interconnects for microchannel relay systems,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 11–13.

McCormick, F. B.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Physical reasons for optical interconnections,” Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 155–168 (1997).

Miller, J. M.

A. McCarthy, F. A. P. Tooley, B. Robertson, J. M. Miller, “Broken symmetry interconnects for microchannel relay systems,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 11–13.

Nelson, D. T.

Plant, D. V.

Rempel, M. A.

Robertson, B.

Robertson, W. M.

Rolston, D. R.

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), Chap. 3.

Shannon, R. R.

R. R. Shannon, The Art and Science of Optical Design (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1997), Chap. 2.

Tanaka, K.

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), Chap. 3.

Tooley, F. A. P.

F. A. P. Tooley, “Challenges in optically interconnecting electronics,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 3–13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, F. A. P. Tooley, B. Robertson, J. M. Miller, “Broken symmetry interconnects for microchannel relay systems,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 11–13.

Tseng, B.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J. A.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

Y. Li, E. Wolf, “Focal shifts in diffracted converging spherical waves,” Opt. Commun. 39, 211–215 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, T. K.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron.

F. A. P. Tooley, “Challenges in optically interconnecting electronics,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 3–13 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two-beam transimpedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Optoelectron.

D. A. B. Miller, “Physical reasons for optical interconnections,” Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 155–168 (1997).

Opt. Commun.

Y. Li, E. Wolf, “Focal shifts in diffracted converging spherical waves,” Opt. Commun. 39, 211–215 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt.

S. De Nicola, D. Anderson, M. Lisak, “Focal shift effects in diffracted focused beams,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 1249–1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. R. Shannon, The Art and Science of Optical Design (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1997), Chap. 2.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chaps. 3 and 4.

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), Chap. 3.

A. McCarthy, F. A. P. Tooley, B. Robertson, J. M. Miller, “Broken symmetry interconnects for microchannel relay systems,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 11–13.

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