Abstract

The implementation of a 10-channel parallel optical interconnect consisting of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers, a 1.35-m fiber image guide, and a metal–semiconductor–metal receiver array is described. Transmission rates of 250 Mbits/s per channel are demonstrated with an optical cross talk of less than -27 dB and a loss of -3 dB. Coupling issues associated with image guides are analyzed and discussed.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. D. Montgomery, S. Montgomery, “Parallel optical links fill integrated-circuit niches,” Laser Focus World 35(4), 57–59 (1999).
  2. W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide–based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kawai, Y. Li, T. Wang, “Skew-free optical interconnections using VCSEL-based fiber image-guides,” in The Sixth Microoptics Conference and the Fourteenth Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Optical Systems, MOC/GRIN Technical Digest (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 78–80.
  7. Y. Li, T. Wang, S. Kawai, “Distributed crossbar interconnects with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser–angle multiplexing and fiber image guides,” Appl. Opt. 37, 254–263 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Tatah, D. Filkins, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Performance measurements of fiber imaging guides and fiber bundles on optical interconnect applications,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 115–117.
  9. D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.
  10. T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.
  11. K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.
  12. B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “4 × 4 vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. D. Montgomery, S. Montgomery, “Parallel optical links fill integrated-circuit niches,” Laser Focus World 35(4), 57–59 (1999).

1998 (2)

Y. Li, T. Wang, S. Kawai, “Distributed crossbar interconnects with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser–angle multiplexing and fiber image guides,” Appl. Opt. 37, 254–263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ahadian, J.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Aispain, H. A.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anthony, P. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ayliffe, M. H.

Bates, R. J. S.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bertilsson, K.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boisset, G. C.

Booth, B. L.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brandner, J. L.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buchholz, D. B.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiarulli, D. M.

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.

Choquette, K. D.

K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.

Chui, H. C.

K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.

Coldren, L. A.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Craig, R.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Crow, J. D.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Derr, P.

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.

Ebeling, K. J.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Facht, M. W.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Faudskar, C. C.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Filkins, D.

K. Tatah, D. Filkins, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Performance measurements of fiber imaging guides and fiber bundles on optical interconnect applications,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 115–117.

Fishteyn, M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fonstad, C.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Gates, J. V.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Geib, K. M.

K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.

Glogovsky, K. G.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gowda, S. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grabherr, M.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, B.

K. Tatah, D. Filkins, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Performance measurements of fiber imaging guides and fiber bundles on optical interconnect applications,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 115–117.

Guth, G. D.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, K. H.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, H. S.

Hsiao, W.

Ireland, T. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ishak, W. S.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, R.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kabal, D.

Kajita, M.

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasada, H.

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, K.

Kawai, S.

Y. Li, T. Wang, S. Kawai, “Distributed crossbar interconnects with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser–angle multiplexing and fiber image guides,” Appl. Opt. 37, 254–263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide–based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kawai, Y. Li, T. Wang, “Skew-free optical interconnections using VCSEL-based fiber image-guides,” in The Sixth Microoptics Conference and the Fourteenth Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Optical Systems, MOC/GRIN Technical Digest (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 78–80.

Kim, N. H.

Kirk, A.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Kosaka, H.

Kuchta, D. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kwark, Y. H.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.

Leibenguth, R. E.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A. A. J.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levitan, S. P.

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.

Lewis, D. H.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, D. K.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, T. Wang, S. Kawai, “Distributed crossbar interconnects with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser–angle multiplexing and fiber image guides,” Appl. Opt. 37, 254–263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide–based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kawai, Y. Li, T. Wang, “Skew-free optical interconnections using VCSEL-based fiber image-guides,” in The Sixth Microoptics Conference and the Fourteenth Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Optical Systems, MOC/GRIN Technical Digest (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 78–80.

Liu, Y. S.

Louderback, D. A.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maj, T.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Menon, R.

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.

Michalzik, R.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, J. D.

J. D. Montgomery, S. Montgomery, “Parallel optical links fill integrated-circuit niches,” Laser Focus World 35(4), 57–59 (1999).

Montgomery, S.

J. D. Montgomery, S. Montgomery, “Parallel optical links fill integrated-circuit niches,” Laser Focus World 35(4), 57–59 (1999).

Morgan, R. A.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Muehler, D. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Muheller, C.

W. S. Ishak, K. H. Hahn, B. L. Booth, C. Muheller, A. A. J. Levi, R. Craig, “Optical interconnects: the POLO project,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects III, R. T. Chen, H. S. Hinton, eds., Proc. SPIE2400, 214–221 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mullally, T.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nati, S. F.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Otazo, M. R.

Parzygnat, W. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pavlasek, D.

Plant, D.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Plant, D. V.

Reiner, G.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, B.

Robertson, W. M.

Robinson, M.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

K. Tatah, D. Filkins, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Performance measurements of fiber imaging guides and fiber bundles on optical interconnect applications,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 115–117.

Rogers, D. L.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, K. Lear, R. P. Schneider, K. M. Geib, H. C. Chui, “Selectively oxidized vertical-cavity lasers,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting 1995 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1995), paper SC1 14.1, pp. 412–413.

Shang, A. Z.

Simons, J.

Smith, D. F.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, K.

Sowada, D.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strzelecka, E. M.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tatah, K.

K. Tatah, D. Filkins, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Performance measurements of fiber imaging guides and fiber bundles on optical interconnect applications,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 115–117.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Thibeault, B. J.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, D. A.

Thompson, G. B.

E. M. Strzelecka, D. A. Louderback, B. J. Thibeault, G. B. Thompson, K. Bertilsson, L. A. Coldren, “Parallel free-space optical interconnect based on arrays of vertical-cavity lasers and detectors with monolithic microlenses,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2911–2821 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trezza, J. A.

T. Maj, A. Kirk, D. Plant, J. Ahadian, C. Fonstad, K. Lear, K. Tatah, M. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a 2D VCSEL array to a receiver array via a fiber image guide,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), paper PDP3.

Tyrone, B. H.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S. F.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Y. Li, T. Wang, S. Kawai, “Distributed crossbar interconnects with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser–angle multiplexing and fiber image guides,” Appl. Opt. 37, 254–263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide–based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kawai, Y. Li, T. Wang, “Skew-free optical interconnections using VCSEL-based fiber image-guides,” in The Sixth Microoptics Conference and the Fourteenth Topical Meeting on Gradient Index Optical Systems, MOC/GRIN Technical Digest (The Japan Society of Applied Physics, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 78–80.

Wattanapongsakorn, N.

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Menon, N. Wattanapongsakorn, “Multichannel optical interconnections using imaging fiber bundles,” in Digest of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 112–114.

Weigl, B.

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wong, Y. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zilko, J. L.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehler, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Facht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. F. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of high density 32-channel 16 Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the Optoelectronics Technology Consortium (OETC),” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Weigl, M. Grabherr, C. Jung, R. Jäger, G. Reiner, R. Michalzik, D. Sowada, K. J. Ebeling, “High-performance oxide-confined GaAs VCSEL’s,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 409–415 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Kasada, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FIG interconnection system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitter module.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated spot sizes at the image-guide input face for selected VCSEL’s in the 8 × 8 array.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Receiver receptacle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FIG cross section.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Illustration of the impact of the spot size on the coupling uniformity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spot pattern at the image-guide input face.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spot pattern after transmission through the FIG.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Throughput variation with respect to the VCSEL–image-guide positions.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Coupling uniformity as a function of the spot size at the FIG’s input face.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Insertion-loss distribution.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Eye diagram for four adjacent channels with a 250-Mbit/s modulation. (The time axis represents 1 ns/division.)

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Cross talk into a 100-µm-diameter aperture as a function of the distance from the cross-talk source.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of the FIG Parameters

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