Abstract

We have tested an autoradiographic photostimulable phosphor image storage plate as a medium for recording spectra in the wavelength region from 50 to 550 Å and have compared the results with spectra obtained with conventional photographic emulsions. The image plate shows sensitivity comparable with the photographic plates but has a linear intensity response over a much wider dynamic range. Resolution of current image-plate systems is limited by the scanner that reads the stored image from the phosphor plate, but this limitation is not fundamental. These initial results suggest that optimized image plates with an improved scanner would provide a favorable alternative to photographic plates in this spectral region.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, Inc., New York, 1967).
  2. O. H. W. Siegmund, “Amplifying and position sensitive detectors,” in Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, J. A. Samson, D. L. Ederer, eds. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1998), Vol. 32, pp. 139–175.
  3. J. Miyahara, “The imaging plate: a new radiation image sensor,” Chem. Today, 223(October1989), pp. 29–36.
  4. B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Commercial products are identified in this paper for adequate specification of the experimental procedure. This identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST.
  9. T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. Miyahara, “The imaging plate: a new radiation image sensor,” Chem. Today, 223(October1989), pp. 29–36.

1987 (1)

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

1967 (1)

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Canfield, L. R.

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L.

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Decker, G.

B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ekberg, J. O.

Epstein, G. L.

Feldman, U.

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Furst, M. L.

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Graves, R. M.

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gurvich, A. M.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hall, C.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, K.

M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, K.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kamenskikh, I. A.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Katsube, Y.

M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailin, V. V.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyahara, J.

J. Miyahara, “The imaging plate: a new radiation image sensor,” Chem. Today, 223(October1989), pp. 29–36.

Mori, K.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Munro, I. H.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, Y.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nensel, B.

B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, K.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, Inc., New York, 1967).

Sato, M.

M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shirai, T.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Siegmund, O. H. W.

O. H. W. Siegmund, “Amplifying and position sensitive detectors,” in Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, J. A. Samson, D. L. Ederer, eds. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1998), Vol. 32, pp. 139–175.

Sugar, J.

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Swartz, M.

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Thielemann, P.

B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vest, R. E.

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Worgan, J. S.

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Today (1)

J. Miyahara, “The imaging plate: a new radiation image sensor,” Chem. Today, 223(October1989), pp. 29–36.

J. Appl. Cryst. (1)

M. Sato, Y. Katsube, K. Hayashi, “A new blue-colored imaging plate: properties for x-ray recording in macromolecular crystallography,” J. Appl. Cryst. 26, 733–735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Nensel, P. Thielemann, G. Decker, “Are storage phosphors a useful tool for soft x-ray imaging diagnostics? Spectral sensitivity and spatial resolution in the 0.07 to 14 nm range,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2276–2281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

T. Shirai, Y. Nakai, K. Ozawa, K. Ishii, J. Sugar, K. Mori, “Spectral data for molybdenum ions, Mo VI-Mo XLII,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 16, 327–377 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. X-ray Sci. Technol. (1)

A. M. Gurvich, C. Hall, I. A. Kamenskikh, I. H. Munro, V. V. Mikhailin, J. S. Worgan, “Phosphors for luminescent image plates,” J. X-ray Sci. Technol. 6, 48–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

U. Feldman, M. Swartz, L. Cohen, “Vacuum ultraviolet source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 1372–1373 (1967).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Furst, R. M. Graves, L. R. Canfield, R. E. Vest, “Radiometry at the NIST SURF II storage ring facility,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2257–2259 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Commercial products are identified in this paper for adequate specification of the experimental procedure. This identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, Inc., New York, 1967).

O. H. W. Siegmund, “Amplifying and position sensitive detectors,” in Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences, J. A. Samson, D. L. Ederer, eds. (Academic Press, San Diego, 1998), Vol. 32, pp. 139–175.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gray-scale image of the spectrum of a Mo sliding spark recorded with an image plate. Wavelengths of indicated lines (Å) taken from Ref. 10 and from A. Kancervicius, et al., Lith. Phys. J. 31, 143–149 (1991).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of Mo sliding spark in the spectral region around 240 Å. (a) Image-plate scan with vertical scale set to view the full intensity of the strongest lines. (b) Image-plate scan magnified by a factor of 6 to bring up weaker lines, strong lines off scale. (c) Image-plate scan with magnification increased by an additional factor of 5 to view still weaker lines. (d) Microphotometer tracing of photographic plate in the same region.

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