Abstract

A method for optical encryption of three-dimensional (3D) information by use of digital holography is presented. A phase-shifting interferometer records the phase and amplitude information generated by a 3D object at a plane located in the Fresnel diffraction region with an intensity-recording device. Encryption is performed optically by use of the Fresnel diffraction pattern of a random phase code. Images of the 3D object with different perspectives and focused at different planes can be generated digital or optically after decryption with the proper key. Experimental results are presented.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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2000 (3)

1999 (4)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

U. Schnars, W. P. O. Jüptner, “Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 33, 179–181 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Javidi, J. L. Horner, “Optical pattern recognition for validation and security verification,” Opt. Eng. 33, 1752–1756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H. Lee, S. K. Jin, “Experimental study of volume holographic interconnects using random patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2191–2193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Li, Y. Qiao, D. Psaltis, “Optical network for real-time face recognition,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5026–5035 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1974 (1)

1965 (1)

J. W. Cooley, J. W. Tukey, “An algorithm for the machine calculation of complex Fourier series,” Math. Comput. 19, 297–301 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bashaw, M. C.

Bevilacqua, F.

Brangaccio, D. J.

Bruning, J. H.

Cooley, J. W.

J. W. Cooley, J. W. Tukey, “An algorithm for the machine calculation of complex Fourier series,” Math. Comput. 19, 297–301 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Cuche, E.

Denz, C.

C. Denz, K. O. Mueller, F. Visinka, T. T. Tschudi, “Digital volume holographic data storage using phase-coded multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE. 3802, 142–147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Depeursinge, C.

Fainman, Y.

Ford, J. E.

Gallagher, J. E.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

Heanue, J. F.

Herriott, D. R.

Hesselink, L.

Horner, J. L.

B. Javidi, J. L. Horner, “Optical pattern recognition for validation and security verification,” Opt. Eng. 33, 1752–1756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Javidi, B.

Jin, S. K.

H. Lee, S. K. Jin, “Experimental study of volume holographic interconnects using random patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2191–2193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jüptner, W. P. O.

Kawai, H.

Lee, H.

H. Lee, S. K. Jin, “Experimental study of volume holographic interconnects using random patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2191–2193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

Li, H.-Y.

Matoba, O.

Mueller, K. O.

C. Denz, K. O. Mueller, F. Visinka, T. T. Tschudi, “Digital volume holographic data storage using phase-coded multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE. 3802, 142–147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, T.

Ohzu, H.

Ouyang, Y.

C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, Y. Ouyang, “Diffraction selectivity of holograms with random phase encoding,” Opt. Commun. 175, 67–74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paek, E. G.

C. L. Wilson, C. I. Watson, E. G. Paek, “Combined optical and neural network fingerprint matching,” in Optical Pattern Recognition VIII, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3073, 373–382 (1997).

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Qiao, Y.

Réfrégier, Ph.

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rosenfeld, D. P.

Schnars, U.

Schwider, J.

J. Schwider, “Advanced evaluation techniques in interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. XXVIII, pp. 271–359.

Su, W. C.

C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, Y. Ouyang, “Diffraction selectivity of holograms with random phase encoding,” Opt. Commun. 175, 67–74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. C.

C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, Y. Ouyang, “Diffraction selectivity of holograms with random phase encoding,” Opt. Commun. 175, 67–74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tajahuerce, E.

Takaki, Y.

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T. T.

C. Denz, K. O. Mueller, F. Visinka, T. T. Tschudi, “Digital volume holographic data storage using phase-coded multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE. 3802, 142–147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tukey, J. W.

J. W. Cooley, J. W. Tukey, “An algorithm for the machine calculation of complex Fourier series,” Math. Comput. 19, 297–301 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Verrall, S. C.

Visinka, F.

C. Denz, K. O. Mueller, F. Visinka, T. T. Tschudi, “Digital volume holographic data storage using phase-coded multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE. 3802, 142–147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, Y. Ouyang, “Diffraction selectivity of holograms with random phase encoding,” Opt. Commun. 175, 67–74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watson, C. I.

C. L. Wilson, C. I. Watson, E. G. Paek, “Combined optical and neural network fingerprint matching,” in Optical Pattern Recognition VIII, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3073, 373–382 (1997).

White, A. D.

Wilson, C. L.

C. L. Wilson, C. I. Watson, E. G. Paek, “Combined optical and neural network fingerprint matching,” in Optical Pattern Recognition VIII, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3073, 373–382 (1997).

Yamaguchi, I.

Yatagai, T.

Yoshikawa, N.

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Lee, S. K. Jin, “Experimental study of volume holographic interconnects using random patterns,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2191–2193 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Math. Comput. (1)

J. W. Cooley, J. W. Tukey, “An algorithm for the machine calculation of complex Fourier series,” Math. Comput. 19, 297–301 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. C. Sun, W. C. Su, B. Wang, Y. Ouyang, “Diffraction selectivity of holograms with random phase encoding,” Opt. Commun. 175, 67–74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

B. Javidi, J. L. Horner, “Optical pattern recognition for validation and security verification,” Opt. Eng. 33, 1752–1756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. SPIE. (1)

C. Denz, K. O. Mueller, F. Visinka, T. T. Tschudi, “Digital volume holographic data storage using phase-coded multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE. 3802, 142–147 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

C. L. Wilson, C. I. Watson, E. G. Paek, “Combined optical and neural network fingerprint matching,” in Optical Pattern Recognition VIII, D. P. Casasent, T. Chao, eds., Proc. SPIE3073, 373–382 (1997).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).

J. Schwider, “Advanced evaluation techniques in interferometry,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), Vol. XXVIII, pp. 271–359.

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