Abstract

The autocorrelation function of the intensity scattered from cylindrical rough surfaces is analytically obtained with the Kirchhoff scalar diffraction theory. It is shown that, in contrast to the case in which planar rough surfaces scatter radiation, this function, related to the speckle size, depends on the statistical parameters that characterize the surface and on the scattering direction. This result suggests a new, to our knowledge, optical method that can be applied to the characterization of cylindrical rough surfaces, such as in on-line quality assessment, in manufacturing processes. The calculated theoretical expression was tested, showing good agreement with experiments.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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