A. J. Baran, S. Havemann, “Rapid computation of the optical properties of hexagonal columns using complex angular momentum theory,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 499–519 (1999).

[CrossRef]

W. Sun, Q. Fu, Z. Chen, “Finite-difference time-domain solution of light scattering by dielectric particles with a perfectly matched layer absorbing boundary condition,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3141–3151 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, W. B. Sun, P. Yang, “Modeling of scattering and absorption by nonspherical cirrus ice particles at thermal infrared wavelengths,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2937–2947 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, S. G. Warren, “Representation of a nonspherical ice particle by a collection of independent spheres for scattering and absorption of radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31697–31709 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Kokhanovsky, A. Macke, “The dependence of the radiative characteristics of optically thick media on the shape of particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 393–407 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, P. Yang, W. B. Sun, “An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models,” J. Climate 11, 2223–2237 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, “Generalization of the separation of variables method for nonspherical scattering on dielectric objects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 335–353 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, P. Seifert, P. Schlussel, “Radiative effects of cirrus clouds in Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager channels,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 23217–23230 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Capabilities and limitations of a current fortran implementation of the T-matrix method for randomly oriented rotationally symmetric scatterers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 309–324 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6568–6584 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. L. Mitchell, A. Macke, Y. G. Liu, “Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2967–2988 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Macke, M. I. Mishchenko, K. Muinonen, B. E. Carlson, “Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray-tracing approximation versus T-matrix method,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1934–1936 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Light scattering by hexagonal ice crystals: comparison of finite-difference time domain and geometric optics models,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 162–176 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, W. P. Arnott, “A model predicting the evolution of ice particle size spectra and radiative properties of cirrus clouds. Part II: Dependence of absorption and extinction on ice crystal morphology,” J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 817–832 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, “Solar radiation transfer in cirrus clouds. Part 1: Single-scattering and optical properties of hexagonal ice crystals,” J. Atmos. Sci. 46, 3–19 (1989).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, “Uniform approximation in scattering by spheres,” J. Phys. A 21, 81–109 (1988).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1493 (1980).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space. Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, W. P. Arnott, “A model predicting the evolution of ice particle size spectra and radiative properties of cirrus clouds. Part II: Dependence of absorption and extinction on ice crystal morphology,” J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 817–832 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Baran, S. Havemann, “Rapid computation of the optical properties of hexagonal columns using complex angular momentum theory,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 499–519 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, W. B. Sun, P. Yang, “Modeling of scattering and absorption by nonspherical cirrus ice particles at thermal infrared wavelengths,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2937–2947 (1999).

[CrossRef]

W. Sun, Q. Fu, Z. Chen, “Finite-difference time-domain solution of light scattering by dielectric particles with a perfectly matched layer absorbing boundary condition,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3141–3151 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, P. Yang, W. B. Sun, “An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models,” J. Climate 11, 2223–2237 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, S. G. Warren, “Representation of a nonspherical ice particle by a collection of independent spheres for scattering and absorption of radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31697–31709 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space. Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Baran, S. Havemann, “Rapid computation of the optical properties of hexagonal columns using complex angular momentum theory,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 499–519 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, S. Havemann, K. Schmidt, “Scattering of plane waves on finite cylinders with non-circular cross-sections,” in Progress in Electromagnetics Research, J. A. Kong, ed. (EMV Publishing, Cambridge, Mass., 1999), pp. 79–105.

[CrossRef]

S. Havemann, “Modelling of atmospheric, non-spherical scatterers and its application in radiative transfer studies,” Ph.D dissertation (University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 2000).

A. Kokhanovsky, A. Macke, “The dependence of the radiative characteristics of optically thick media on the shape of particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 393–407 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6568–6584 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Light scattering by hexagonal ice crystals: comparison of finite-difference time domain and geometric optics models,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 162–176 (1995).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, “Solar radiation transfer in cirrus clouds. Part 1: Single-scattering and optical properties of hexagonal ice crystals,” J. Atmos. Sci. 46, 3–19 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, A. Macke, Y. G. Liu, “Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2967–2988 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Kokhanovsky, A. Macke, “The dependence of the radiative characteristics of optically thick media on the shape of particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 393–407 (1999).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, A. Macke, Y. G. Liu, “Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2967–2988 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Macke, M. I. Mishchenko, K. Muinonen, B. E. Carlson, “Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray-tracing approximation versus T-matrix method,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1934–1936 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Capabilities and limitations of a current fortran implementation of the T-matrix method for randomly oriented rotationally symmetric scatterers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 309–324 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Macke, M. I. Mishchenko, K. Muinonen, B. E. Carlson, “Scattering of light by large nonspherical particles: ray-tracing approximation versus T-matrix method,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1934–1936 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, A. Macke, Y. G. Liu, “Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2967–2988 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, W. P. Arnott, “A model predicting the evolution of ice particle size spectra and radiative properties of cirrus clouds. Part II: Dependence of absorption and extinction on ice crystal morphology,” J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 817–832 (1994).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, “Uniform approximation in scattering by spheres,” J. Phys. A 21, 81–109 (1988).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1493 (1980).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, “Generalization of the separation of variables method for nonspherical scattering on dielectric objects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 335–353 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, S. Havemann, K. Schmidt, “Scattering of plane waves on finite cylinders with non-circular cross-sections,” in Progress in Electromagnetics Research, J. A. Kong, ed. (EMV Publishing, Cambridge, Mass., 1999), pp. 79–105.

[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, P. Seifert, P. Schlussel, “Radiative effects of cirrus clouds in Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager channels,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 23217–23230 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, S. Havemann, K. Schmidt, “Scattering of plane waves on finite cylinders with non-circular cross-sections,” in Progress in Electromagnetics Research, J. A. Kong, ed. (EMV Publishing, Cambridge, Mass., 1999), pp. 79–105.

[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, P. Seifert, P. Schlussel, “Radiative effects of cirrus clouds in Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager channels,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 23217–23230 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, W. B. Sun, P. Yang, “Modeling of scattering and absorption by nonspherical cirrus ice particles at thermal infrared wavelengths,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2937–2947 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, P. Yang, W. B. Sun, “An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models,” J. Climate 11, 2223–2237 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, “Solar radiation transfer in cirrus clouds. Part 1: Single-scattering and optical properties of hexagonal ice crystals,” J. Atmos. Sci. 46, 3–19 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Capabilities and limitations of a current fortran implementation of the T-matrix method for randomly oriented rotationally symmetric scatterers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 309–324 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space. Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, S. G. Warren, “Representation of a nonspherical ice particle by a collection of independent spheres for scattering and absorption of radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31697–31709 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, P. Seifert, P. Schlussel, “Radiative effects of cirrus clouds in Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager channels,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 23217–23230 (1998).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1493 (1980).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, W. B. Sun, P. Yang, “Modeling of scattering and absorption by nonspherical cirrus ice particles at thermal infrared wavelengths,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2937–2947 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, P. Yang, W. B. Sun, “An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models,” J. Climate 11, 2223–2237 (1998).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6568–6584 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Light scattering by hexagonal ice crystals: comparison of finite-difference time domain and geometric optics models,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 162–176 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Geometric-optics-integral-equation method for light scattering by nonspherical ice crystals,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6568–6584 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Sun, Q. Fu, Z. Chen, “Finite-difference time-domain solution of light scattering by dielectric particles with a perfectly matched layer absorbing boundary condition,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3141–3151 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Warren, “Optical constants of ice from the ultraviolet to the microwave,” Appl. Opt. 23, 1206–1225 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. L. Mitchell, A. Macke, Y. G. Liu, “Modeling cirrus clouds. Part II: Treatment of radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 53, 2967–2988 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, W. P. Arnott, “A model predicting the evolution of ice particle size spectra and radiative properties of cirrus clouds. Part II: Dependence of absorption and extinction on ice crystal morphology,” J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 817–832 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, W. B. Sun, P. Yang, “Modeling of scattering and absorption by nonspherical cirrus ice particles at thermal infrared wavelengths,” J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2937–2947 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, “Solar radiation transfer in cirrus clouds. Part 1: Single-scattering and optical properties of hexagonal ice crystals,” J. Atmos. Sci. 46, 3–19 (1989).

[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, P. Yang, W. B. Sun, “An accurate parameterization of the infrared radiative properties of cirrus clouds for climate models,” J. Climate 11, 2223–2237 (1998).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

M. Wiegner, P. Seifert, P. Schlussel, “Radiative effects of cirrus clouds in Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager channels,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 23217–23230 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. C. Grenfell, S. G. Warren, “Representation of a nonspherical ice particle by a collection of independent spheres for scattering and absorption of radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 31697–31709 (1999).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, “Uniform approximation in scattering by spheres,” J. Phys. A 21, 81–109 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Kokhanovsky, A. Macke, “The dependence of the radiative characteristics of optically thick media on the shape of particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 393–407 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, “Generalization of the separation of variables method for nonspherical scattering on dielectric objects,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 335–353 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Capabilities and limitations of a current fortran implementation of the T-matrix method for randomly oriented rotationally symmetric scatterers,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 60, 309–324 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Baran, S. Havemann, “Rapid computation of the optical properties of hexagonal columns using complex angular momentum theory,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 63, 499–519 (1999).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1493 (1980).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space. Sci. Rev. 16, 527–610 (1974).

[CrossRef]

T. Rother, S. Havemann, K. Schmidt, “Scattering of plane waves on finite cylinders with non-circular cross-sections,” in Progress in Electromagnetics Research, J. A. Kong, ed. (EMV Publishing, Cambridge, Mass., 1999), pp. 79–105.

[CrossRef]

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

S. Havemann, “Modelling of atmospheric, non-spherical scatterers and its application in radiative transfer studies,” Ph.D dissertation (University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 2000).