Abstract

We demonstrate a compact cw diode-pumped Nd:YAlO laser that can produce 100 W of power at 1079 nm and 18.3 W at 1341 nm. Lasing and nonlasing thermal lensing data are presented.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Huber, F. Heine, K. Petermann, “Diode pumped solid-state lasers for visual displays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 520–521.
  2. H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 404–412.
  4. S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4998–5005 (1971).
  6. H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, pp. 663–697.
  8. A. A. Kaminski, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980).
  9. T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. J. Ramponi, J. A. Caird, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency and and optical heating efficiency in laser crystals and glasses by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 23, 5476–5484 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, “Measurements of heating and energy energy storage in flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG and Nd-doped phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 574–580 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
    [Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ramponi, J. A. Caird, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency and and optical heating efficiency in laser crystals and glasses by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 23, 5476–5484 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, “Measurements of heating and energy energy storage in flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG and Nd-doped phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 574–580 (1986).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4998–5005 (1971).

Anderson, V. L.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bonner, C. L.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bowers, M. S.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

Caird, J. A.

A. J. Ramponi, J. A. Caird, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency and and optical heating efficiency in laser crystals and glasses by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 23, 5476–5484 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. S.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[Crossref]

Cousins, A. K.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Guy, S.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Haase, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Heine, F.

G. Huber, F. Heine, K. Petermann, “Diode pumped solid-state lasers for visual displays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 520–521.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

G. Huber, F. Heine, K. Petermann, “Diode pumped solid-state lasers for visual displays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 520–521.

Jia, S. Q.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jiang, A. D.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kahan, O.

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kaminski, A. A.

A. A. Kaminski, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980).

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 404–412.

Lin, W. X.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mangir, M. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, “Measurements of heating and energy energy storage in flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG and Nd-doped phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 574–580 (1986).
[Crossref]

Menzel, R.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

G. Huber, F. Heine, K. Petermann, “Diode pumped solid-state lasers for visual displays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 520–521.

Ramponi, A. J.

A. J. Ramponi, J. A. Caird, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency and and optical heating efficiency in laser crystals and glasses by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 23, 5476–5484 (1988).
[Crossref]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, “Measurements of heating and energy energy storage in flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG and Nd-doped phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 574–580 (1986).
[Crossref]

Seamans, J. F.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Z.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, pp. 663–697.

Sumida, D. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tidwell, S. C.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

Varitimos, T. E.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4998–5005 (1971).

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4998–5005 (1971).

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (8)

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YAlO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel, “100-Watt average output power 1.2 diffraction limited beam from pulsed neodymium single-rod amplifier with SBS phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1265–1269 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, “Measurements of heating and energy energy storage in flashlamp pumped Nd:YAG and Nd-doped phosphate laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 574–580 (1986).
[Crossref]

D. S. Sumida, D. A. Rockwell, M. S. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988).
[Crossref]

T. S. Chen, V. L. Anderson, O. Kahan, “Measurement of heating and energy storage in diode-pumped Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 6–8 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, B. Ferrand, “High inversion densities in Nd:YAG: Upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. J. Ramponi, J. A. Caird, “Fluorescence quantum efficiency and and optical heating efficiency in laser crystals and glasses by laser calorimetry,” J. Appl. Phys. 23, 5476–5484 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. J. Weber, T. E. Varitimos, “Optical spectra and intensities of Nd3+ in YAlO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 4998–5005 (1971).

Other (4)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996), pp. 404–412.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 17, pp. 663–697.

A. A. Kaminski, Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980).

G. Huber, F. Heine, K. Petermann, “Diode pumped solid-state lasers for visual displays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 520–521.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the diode-pumped Nd:YAlO laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

1079-nm laser output power versus diode-pump power with an R = 85% output coupler. LD, laser diode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurement of M 2 for the 100-W 1079-nm laser output by focusing the beam with an f = 10-cm lens. The second-moment beam diameters in the vertical and horizontal axes (parallel to the a and c axes of the Nd:YAlO crystal) are measured, and the best M 2 fit shown. A three-dimensional beam profile of the laser is shown in the inset.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured thermal lens of the Nd:YAlO laser rod in lasing and nonlasing configurations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

1341-nm laser output power versus diode-pump power.

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