Abstract

Pixelated, multicolor polarizing filters—of potential use in full-color displays—were produced by what we believe to be a novel method, i.e., masked evaporation of silver and gold onto glass substrates partially covered with separated sub-micrometer-wide strips of oriented poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE), prepared by friction deposition. The evaporated metal films preferentially nucleated at the glass surface and, consequently, formed parallel arrays in between the PTFE strips. The structures thus produced feature a strong angle-dependent absorption of polarized visible light, allowing for optical switching between red and blue and between green and yellow.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Ambronn, Über Pleochroismus pflanzlicher und thierischer Fasern, die mit Silber- und Goldsalzen gefärbt sind,” Kgl. Sächs. Ges. Wiss. 8, 613–628 (1896).
  2. H. Ambronn, R. Zsigmondy, Über Pleochroismus doppelbrechender Gelatine nach Färbung mit Gold- und Silberlösungen,” Ber. Sächs. Ges. Wiss.51, 13–15 (1899).
  3. A. Frey-Wyssling, “Röntgenometrische Vermessung der submikroskopischen Räume in Gerüstsubstanzen,” Protoplasma 27, 372–411 (1937).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. H. Land, “Some aspects of the development of sheet polarizers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 957–963 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).
  6. A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Quinten, U. Kreibig, “Optical properties of aggregates of small metal particles,” Surf. Sci. 172, 557–577 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. E. Slocum, “Evaporative thin metal films as polarizers,” in Polarizers and Applications, G. B. Trapani, ed., Proc. SPIE307, 25–30 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Suzuki, Y. Taga, “Anisotropy in the optical-absorption of Ag-SiO2 thin-films with oblique columnar structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2848–2854 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Highly oriented thin-films of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a substrate for oriented growth of materials,” Nature (London) 352, 414–417 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (3)

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Suzuki, Y. Taga, “Anisotropy in the optical-absorption of Ag-SiO2 thin-films with oblique columnar structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2848–2854 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Highly oriented thin-films of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a substrate for oriented growth of materials,” Nature (London) 352, 414–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Quinten, U. Kreibig, “Optical properties of aggregates of small metal particles,” Surf. Sci. 172, 557–577 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

1937 (1)

A. Frey-Wyssling, “Röntgenometrische Vermessung der submikroskopischen Räume in Gerüstsubstanzen,” Protoplasma 27, 372–411 (1937).
[CrossRef]

1896 (1)

H. Ambronn, Über Pleochroismus pflanzlicher und thierischer Fasern, die mit Silber- und Goldsalzen gefärbt sind,” Kgl. Sächs. Ges. Wiss. 8, 613–628 (1896).

Al-Rawashdeh, N. A. F.

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ambronn, H.

H. Ambronn, Über Pleochroismus pflanzlicher und thierischer Fasern, die mit Silber- und Goldsalzen gefärbt sind,” Kgl. Sächs. Ges. Wiss. 8, 613–628 (1896).

H. Ambronn, R. Zsigmondy, Über Pleochroismus doppelbrechender Gelatine nach Färbung mit Gold- und Silberlösungen,” Ber. Sächs. Ges. Wiss.51, 13–15 (1899).

Baba, K.

K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bastiaansen, C.

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Bloemer, M. J.

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Buncick, M. C.

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Caseri, W.

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Darribère, C.

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Dirix, Y.

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fenwick, D.

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferrell, T. L.

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Foss, C. A.

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frey-Wyssling, A.

A. Frey-Wyssling, “Röntgenometrische Vermessung der submikroskopischen Räume in Gerüstsubstanzen,” Protoplasma 27, 372–411 (1937).
[CrossRef]

Friedrich, J.

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Heffels, W.

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Ihn, K. J.

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Interewicz, K.

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Kessinger, A. M.

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

M. Quinten, U. Kreibig, “Optical properties of aggregates of small metal particles,” Surf. Sci. 172, 557–577 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Land, E. H.

Lu, A. H.

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G. H.

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miyagi, M.

K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, F.

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Quinten, M.

M. Quinten, U. Kreibig, “Optical properties of aggregates of small metal particles,” Surf. Sci. 172, 557–577 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, M. L.

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Seugling, C. J.

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slocum, R. E.

R. E. Slocum, “Evaporative thin metal films as polarizers,” in Polarizers and Applications, G. B. Trapani, ed., Proc. SPIE307, 25–30 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P.

Y. Dirix, C. Darribère, W. Heffels, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Optically anisotropic polyethylene–gold nanocomposites,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6581–6586 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Highly oriented thin-films of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a substrate for oriented growth of materials,” Nature (London) 352, 414–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, Y. Taga, “Anisotropy in the optical-absorption of Ag-SiO2 thin-films with oblique columnar structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2848–2854 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Taga, Y.

M. Suzuki, Y. Taga, “Anisotropy in the optical-absorption of Ag-SiO2 thin-films with oblique columnar structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2848–2854 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takakuwa, M.

K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Teisen, J.

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Warmack, R. J.

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, J.-C.

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Highly oriented thin-films of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a substrate for oriented growth of materials,” Nature (London) 352, 414–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamaki, K.

K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zsigmondy, R.

H. Ambronn, R. Zsigmondy, Über Pleochroismus doppelbrechender Gelatine nach Färbung mit Gold- und Silberlösungen,” Ber. Sächs. Ges. Wiss.51, 13–15 (1899).

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Oriented pearl-necklace arrays of metallic nanoparticles in polymers: a new route toward polarization-dependent color filters,” Adv. Mater. 11, 223–227 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Yamaki, K. Baba, M. Miyagi, “Submicrometre-thick optical polarising films for 800 nm using stretched silver island films,” Electron. Lett. 33, 979–980 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Suzuki, Y. Taga, “Anisotropy in the optical-absorption of Ag-SiO2 thin-films with oblique columnar structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2848–2854 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

D. Fenwick, K. J. Ihn, F. Motamedi, J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Characterization of friction-deposited polytetrafluoroethylene transfer films,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 50, 1151–1157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

Y. Dirix, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Preparation, structure and properties of uniaxially oriented polyethylene–silver nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Sci. 34, 3859–3866 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

A. H. Lu, G. H. Lu, A. M. Kessinger, C. A. Foss, “Dichroic thin layer films prepared from alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 9139–9142 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. A. F. Al-Rawashdeh, M. L. Sandrock, C. J. Seugling, C. A. Foss, “Visible region polarization spectroscopic studies of template-synthesized gold nanoparticles oriented in polyethylene,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 361–371 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kgl. Sächs. Ges. Wiss. (1)

H. Ambronn, Über Pleochroismus pflanzlicher und thierischer Fasern, die mit Silber- und Goldsalzen gefärbt sind,” Kgl. Sächs. Ges. Wiss. 8, 613–628 (1896).

Nature (London) (1)

J.-C. Wittmann, P. Smith, “Highly oriented thin-films of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) as a substrate for oriented growth of materials,” Nature (London) 352, 414–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev. (1)

K. Baba, M. Takakuwa, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication techniques and characteristics of ultra-thin optical polarizing films using gold island films,” Opt. Rev. 4, 411–416 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. J. Bloemer, T. L. Ferrell, M. C. Buncick, R. J. Warmack, “Optical properties of submicrometer-size silver needles,” Phys. Rev. B 37, 8015–8021 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Protoplasma (1)

A. Frey-Wyssling, “Röntgenometrische Vermessung der submikroskopischen Räume in Gerüstsubstanzen,” Protoplasma 27, 372–411 (1937).
[CrossRef]

Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. (1)

W. Heffels, J. Friedrich, C. Darribère, J. Teisen, K. Interewicz, C. Bastiaansen, W. Caseri, P. Smith, “Polymers and metals: nanocomposites and complex salts with metallic chain structure,” Recent Res. Devel. Macromol. Res. 2, 143–156 (1997).

Surf. Sci. (1)

M. Quinten, U. Kreibig, “Optical properties of aggregates of small metal particles,” Surf. Sci. 172, 557–577 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. E. Slocum, “Evaporative thin metal films as polarizers,” in Polarizers and Applications, G. B. Trapani, ed., Proc. SPIE307, 25–30 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Ambronn, R. Zsigmondy, Über Pleochroismus doppelbrechender Gelatine nach Färbung mit Gold- und Silberlösungen,” Ber. Sächs. Ges. Wiss.51, 13–15 (1899).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Atomic force microscopy image of a glass slide covered with oriented strips of PTFE prepared by friction deposition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM micrograph of a 7-nm silver layer thermally evaporated onto a PTFE friction-coated glass substrate; the sliding direction of the PTFE rod was horizontal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM micrograph of a 9-nm gold layer thermally evaporated onto a PTFE friction-coated glass substrate; the sliding direction of the PTFE rod was horizontal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarized UV–VIS spectra of oriented metal–PTFE structures coated with silver. ϕ indicates the angle between the polarization direction of light and the orientation direction of the PTFE layer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Polarized UV–VIS spectra of oriented metal–PTFE structures coated with gold. ϕ indicates the angle between the polarization direction of light and the orientation direction of the PTFE layer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic representation of the preparation of 250-µm-pixelated structures by sequential evaporation of metals through masks.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarized optical photograph of a color polarizing filter based on a pixelated oriented silver–gold–PTFE structure. Arrows indicate direction of polarizer.

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