Abstract

The changes in the nonlinear absorption of meso-tetrakis (p-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin (TPPS4) caused by its binding to bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated in aqueous solutions. The nonlinear absorption depended on the excitation wavelength and pH. It is noteworthy that, for excitation at 640 nm, saturated absorption was observed in a TPPS4 solution (pH 4.0), whereas reverse saturated absorption occurred for all pH values from 4.0 to 7.0 when BSA was added to TPPS4. The presence of BSA also initiates an increase in the saturation intensity and a reduction of the nonlinear absorption coefficient. The interpretation of the results based on the binding of TPPS4 to BSA is corroborated by linear absorption, fluorescence, light scattering, and flash-photolysis data.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1999

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, C. C. Schmitt, “Photophysical studies on the interaction of two water-soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. Effects upon the porphyrin triplet state characteristics,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 114, 201–207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, S. C. M. Gandini, “Photophysical studies of excited state characteristics of meso-tetrakis(4-N-methyl-pyridiniumyl) porphyrin bound to DNA,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 43/2, 112–120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, H. S. Rawat, M. Laghate, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 147, 328–332 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Ochsner, “Photochemical and photobiological processes in the photodynamic therapy of tumours,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 39, 1–18 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

G. L. Wood, M. J. Miller, A. G. Mott, “Investigation of tetrabenzoporphyrin by the Z-scan technique,” Opt. Lett. 20, 973–975 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonnett, “Photosensitizers of the porphyrin and phtalocyanine series for photodynamic therapy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 24, 19–33 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

1985

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Aranda, F. J.

Blau, W.

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bonnett, R.

R. Bonnett, “Photosensitizers of the porphyrin and phtalocyanine series for photodynamic therapy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 24, 19–33 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Borissevitch, I. E.

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, C. C. Schmitt, “Photophysical studies on the interaction of two water-soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. Effects upon the porphyrin triplet state characteristics,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 114, 201–207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, S. C. M. Gandini, “Photophysical studies of excited state characteristics of meso-tetrakis(4-N-methyl-pyridiniumyl) porphyrin bound to DNA,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 43/2, 112–120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C. C.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, H.

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, W. M.

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dou, K.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gandini, S. C. M.

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, S. C. M. Gandini, “Photophysical studies of excited state characteristics of meso-tetrakis(4-N-methyl-pyridiniumyl) porphyrin bound to DNA,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 43/2, 112–120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gray, G. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

Guo, Y.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imasato, H.

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandasamy, K.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kang, K.

Kelly, J. M.

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Knobbe, E. T.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laghate, M.

S. R. Mishra, H. S. Rawat, M. Laghate, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 147, 328–332 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, C. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McKerns, M. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. J.

Mishra, S. R.

S. R. Mishra, H. S. Rawat, M. Laghate, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 147, 328–332 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Monte, S. C.

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mott, A. G.

Ochsner, M.

M. Ochsner, “Photochemical and photobiological processes in the photodynamic therapy of tumours,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 39, 1–18 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parkhill, R.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perussi, J. R.

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Porter, P.

Puntambekar, P. N.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. V. G. L. N.

Rawat, H. S.

S. R. Mishra, H. S. Rawat, M. Laghate, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 147, 328–332 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Remy, D. E.

Roach, J. F.

Schmitt, C. C.

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, C. C. Schmitt, “Photophysical studies on the interaction of two water-soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. Effects upon the porphyrin triplet state characteristics,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 114, 201–207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shetty, S. J.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Singh, B. P.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, T. S.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tabak, M.

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tominaga, T. T.

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, C. C. Schmitt, “Photophysical studies on the interaction of two water-soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. Effects upon the porphyrin triplet state characteristics,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 114, 201–207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

Yushmanov, V. E.

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Resonance light scattering study of aggregation of two water soluble porphyrins due to their interaction with bovine serum albumin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 343, 281–286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, D. Wang, “Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazodentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1167–1169 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev.

R. Bonnett, “Photosensitizers of the porphyrin and phtalocyanine series for photodynamic therapy,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 24, 19–33 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Inorg. Biochem.

V. E. Yushmanov, H. Imasato, T. T. Tominaga, M. Tabak, “1H NMR and electronic absorption spectroscopy of paramagnetic water-soluble meso-tetraarylsubstituted cationic and anionic metalloporphyrins,” J. Inorg. Biochem. 61, 233–241 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin.

S. C. Monte, I. E. Borissevitch, J. R. Perussi, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Aggregation of meso-tetrakis (4-N-methyl-pyridinimil) porphyrin in its free base, Fe(III) and Mn(III) forms due to the interaction with DNA in aqueous solution,” J. Lumin. 78, 53–61 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, H. Imasato, M. Tabak, “Fluorescence and optical absorption study of interaction of two water soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. The role of albumin and porphyrin aggregation,” J. Lumin. 69, 65–76 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater.

K. Kandasamy, P. N. Puntambekar, B. P. Singh, S. J. Shetty, T. S. Srivastava, “Resonant nonlinear optical studies on porphyrin derivatives,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 361–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A

I. E. Borissevitch, T. T. Tominaga, C. C. Schmitt, “Photophysical studies on the interaction of two water-soluble porphyrins with bovine serum albumin. Effects upon the porphyrin triplet state characteristics,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 114, 201–207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. B

I. E. Borissevitch, S. C. M. Gandini, “Photophysical studies of excited state characteristics of meso-tetrakis(4-N-methyl-pyridiniumyl) porphyrin bound to DNA,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 43/2, 112–120 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Ochsner, “Photochemical and photobiological processes in the photodynamic therapy of tumours,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 39, 1–18 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langmuir

S. C. M. Gandini, V. E. Yushmanov, I. E. Borissevitch, M. Tabak, “Interaction of the tetra (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin with ionic surfactants: aggregation and location in micelles,” Langmuir 15, 6233–6243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. Blau, H. Byrne, W. M. Dennis, J. M. Kelly, “Reverse saturable absorption in tetraphenyl porphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 56, 25–29 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mishra, H. S. Rawat, M. Laghate, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in metalloporphyrins,” Opt. Commun. 147, 328–332 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Solid State Commun.

K. Dou, X. Sun, X. Wang, R. Parkhill, Y. Guo, E. T. Knobbe, “Optical limiting and upconverted luminescence in metalloporphyrin-doped sol-gels,” Solid State Commun. 107, 101–106 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. Dolphin, ed., The Porphyrins (Academic, New York, 1978), Vols. I–V.

G. G. Hammer, ed., Investigation of Rates and Mechanisms of Reactions (Wiley, New York, 1974).

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