Abstract

A new dynamic model for gain-clamped fiber amplifiers is presented. The model can simulate the transient behavior of a gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier as a function of its controlling parameters. Results show the detailed dependence of the amplifier gain dynamics on launched pump power and reveal the pump-power penalty incurred in implementing gain control with minimal transients to power disturbances. The effect on the transients of varying the laser cavity feedback coupling is also presented. Model accuracy is verified by the excellent quantitative agreement with dynamic measurements over a range of operating conditions. Results show how an increase in pump power can effectively suppress both the dynamic and the steady-state signal power transients in wavelength-division multiplexing channel add–drop operations.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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