Abstract

Light absorption by fine and coarse aerosols derived from Hawaiian black sand was determined by light transmission. The real part of the refractive index of this material was measured directly, and the imaginary part was estimated. The measured light absorption coefficients (B ap) were adjusted for multiple scattering artifacts by use of absorption-to-extinction ratios estimated with Mie theory. The best agreement between calculated and measured fine and coarse B ap was achieved with a value of 0.014 for the imaginary part of the refractive index. The corresponding absorption efficiencies for the fine and coarse black sand aerosols were 0.22 and 0.09 m2/g, respectively.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

1999 (4)

J. M. Prospero, “Long-term measurements of the transport of African mineral dust to the southeastern United States: implications for regional air quality,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,917–15,927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, “Objectives and design of Central California’s 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study of the California Regional PM10/PM2.5 Air Quality Study,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 49, PM199–PM215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Fuller, W. C. Malm, S. M. Kreidenweis, “Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,941–15,954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Horvath, “Experimental calibration for aerosol light absorption measurements using the integrating plate method: summary of the data,” Aerosol Sci. 28, 1149–1161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (8)

A. Clarke, J. Ogren, R. Charlson, “Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 221–224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, T. Cahill, “Response to ‘Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill’ by Anthony Clarke, John Ogren, and Robert Charlson,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 225–229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. H. McMurry, X. Zhang, C.-T. Lee, “Issues in aerosol measurement for optics assessments,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,189–19,197 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Huffman, “Comparison of the light absorption coefficient and carbon measures for remote aerosols: an independent analysis of data from the IMPROVE network,” I. Atmos. Environ. 30, 73–83 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by non-spherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, S. Copeland, T. Cahill, “Measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using the integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 22, 287–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

C. S. Sloane, “Effect of composition on aerosol light scattering efficiencies,” Atmos. Environ. 20, 1025–1037 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

E. M. Patterson, D. A. Gillette, B. H. Stockton, “Complex index of refraction between 300 and 700 nm for Saharan aerosols,” J. Geophy. Res. 82, 3153–3160 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

J. B. Pollack, O. B. Toon, B. N. Khare, “Optical properties of some terrestrial rocks and glasses,” Icarus 19, 372–389 (1973).
[CrossRef]

C.-I. Lin, M. Baker, R. J. Charlson, “Absorption coefficient of atmospheric aerosol: a method for measurement,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1356–1363 (1973).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Mie, “Beitrage zur Optik trüber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallösungen,” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Alcorn, S. H.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, S. R.

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

Andronova, A. V.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arnott, W. P.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baker, M.

Ball, B. M.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Becker, J. F.

Belan, B. D.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Blifford, I. H.

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, T.

D. Campbell, T. Cahill, “Response to ‘Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill’ by Anthony Clarke, John Ogren, and Robert Charlson,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 225–229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, S. Copeland, T. Cahill, “Measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using the integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 22, 287–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, T. A.

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, D.

D. Campbell, T. Cahill, “Response to ‘Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill’ by Anthony Clarke, John Ogren, and Robert Charlson,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 225–229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, S. Copeland, T. Cahill, “Measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using the integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 22, 287–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, B. E.

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Charlson, R.

A. Clarke, J. Ogren, R. Charlson, “Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 221–224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Charlson, R. J.

Chow, J. C.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

Clarke, A.

A. Clarke, J. Ogren, R. Charlson, “Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 221–224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Copeland, S.

D. Campbell, S. Copeland, T. Cahill, “Measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using the integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 22, 287–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Couture, T.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, D. L.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

Duce, R. A.

R. A. Duce, “Sources, distributions, and fluxes of mineral aerosols and their relationship to climate,” in Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R. J. Charleson, J. Heintzenberg, eds. (Wiley, Chichester, UK, 1995), pp. 43–72.

Dutcher, D. D.

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Egami, R. T.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Egan, W. G.

Eldred, R. A.

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Faxvog, F. R.

Frazier, C. A.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K. A.

K. A. Fuller, W. C. Malm, S. M. Kreidenweis, “Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,941–15,954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gill, T. E.

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gillette, D. A.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Patterson, D. A. Gillette, B. H. Stockton, “Complex index of refraction between 300 and 700 nm for Saharan aerosols,” J. Geophy. Res. 82, 3153–3160 (1977).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Grams, G. W.

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Horvath, H.

H. Horvath, “Experimental calibration for aerosol light absorption measurements using the integrating plate method: summary of the data,” Aerosol Sci. 28, 1149–1161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Houck, J. E.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

Huffman, H. D.

H. D. Huffman, “Comparison of the light absorption coefficient and carbon measures for remote aerosols: an independent analysis of data from the IMPROVE network,” I. Atmos. Environ. 30, 73–83 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Isakov, A. A.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Khare, B. N.

J. B. Pollack, O. B. Toon, B. N. Khare, “Optical properties of some terrestrial rocks and glasses,” Icarus 19, 372–389 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kolomiets, S. M.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kreidenweis, S. M.

K. A. Fuller, W. C. Malm, S. M. Kreidenweis, “Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,941–15,954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-T.

P. H. McMurry, X. Zhang, C.-T. Lee, “Issues in aerosol measurement for optics assessments,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,189–19,197 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-I.

Lowenthal, D.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lowenthal, D. H.

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Macke, A.

Mackowski, D. W.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by non-spherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Magliano, K. L.

P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, “Objectives and design of Central California’s 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study of the California Regional PM10/PM2.5 Air Quality Study,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 49, PM199–PM215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Malm, W. C.

K. A. Fuller, W. C. Malm, S. M. Kreidenweis, “Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,941–15,954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maring, H.

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McDade, C.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McMurry, P. H.

P. H. McMurry, X. Zhang, C.-T. Lee, “Issues in aerosol measurement for optics assessments,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,189–19,197 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mie, G.

G. Mie, “Beitrage zur Optik trüber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallösungen,” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M. I.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by non-spherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Molenar, J. V.

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moosmüller, H.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ogren, J.

A. Clarke, J. Ogren, R. Charlson, “Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 221–224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pachenko, M. V.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, E. M.

E. M. Patterson, D. A. Gillette, B. H. Stockton, “Complex index of refraction between 300 and 700 nm for Saharan aerosols,” J. Geophy. Res. 82, 3153–3160 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Perry, K. D.

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pollack, J. B.

J. B. Pollack, O. B. Toon, B. N. Khare, “Optical properties of some terrestrial rocks and glasses,” Icarus 19, 372–389 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Pritchett, L. C.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prospero, J. M.

J. M. Prospero, “Long-term measurements of the transport of African mineral dust to the southeastern United States: implications for regional air quality,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,917–15,927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richards, L. W.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

Roessler, D. M.

Rogers, C. F.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. B.

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Savoie, D.

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Saxena, P.

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sherman, L. E.

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sisler, J. F.

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sloane, C. S.

C. S. Sloane, “Effect of composition on aerosol light scattering efficiencies,” Atmos. Environ. 20, 1025–1037 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. V.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sokolik, I. N.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, P. A.

P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, “Objectives and design of Central California’s 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study of the California Regional PM10/PM2.5 Air Quality Study,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 49, PM199–PM215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stockton, B. H.

E. M. Patterson, D. A. Gillette, B. H. Stockton, “Complex index of refraction between 300 and 700 nm for Saharan aerosols,” J. Geophy. Res. 82, 3153–3160 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sviridenkov, M. A.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Toon, O. B.

J. B. Pollack, O. B. Toon, B. N. Khare, “Optical properties of some terrestrial rocks and glasses,” Icarus 19, 372–389 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Travis, L. D.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by non-spherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, A. Macke, “Scattering of light by polydisperse, randomly oriented, finite circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4927–4940 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Voss, K.

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wahlstrom, E.

E. Wahlstrom, Optical Crystallography (Wiley, New York, 1974).

Watson, J. G.

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

White, W. H.

W. H. White, “Contributions to light scattering,” in Acidic Deposition: State of Science and Technology, P. M. Irving, ed., , National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 85–102.

Zhang, X.

P. H. McMurry, X. Zhang, C.-T. Lee, “Issues in aerosol measurement for optics assessments,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,189–19,197 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhukov, V. M.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhukovsky, D. A.

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ziman, S. D.

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aerosol Sci. (1)

H. Horvath, “Experimental calibration for aerosol light absorption measurements using the integrating plate method: summary of the data,” Aerosol Sci. 28, 1149–1161 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aerosol Sci. Technol. (3)

A. Clarke, J. Ogren, R. Charlson, “Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 221–224 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, T. Cahill, “Response to ‘Comment on measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques by D. Campbell, S. Copeland, and T. Cahill’ by Anthony Clarke, John Ogren, and Robert Charlson,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 24, 225–229 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Campbell, S. Copeland, T. Cahill, “Measurement of aerosol absorption coefficient from Teflon filters using the integrating plate and integrating sphere techniques,” Aerosol Sci. Technol. 22, 287–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

G. Mie, “Beitrage zur Optik trüber Medien, speziell kolloidaler Metallösungen,” Ann. Phys. 25, 377–445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atmos. Environ. (4)

C. S. Sloane, “Effect of composition on aerosol light scattering efficiencies,” Atmos. Environ. 20, 1025–1037 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Lowenthal, C. F. Rogers, P. Saxena, J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, “Sensitivity of estimated light extinction coefficients to model assumptions and measurement errors,” Atmos. Environ. 29, 751–766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, J. E. Houck, L. C. Pritchett, C. F. Rogers, C. A. Frazier, R. T. Egami, B. M. Ball, “A laboratory resuspension chamber to measure fugitive dust size distributions and chemical compositions,” Atmos. Environ. 28, 3463–3481 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. W. Richards, S. H. Alcorn, C. McDade, T. Couture, D. Lowenthal, J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, “Optical properties of the San Joaquin Valley aerosol collected during the 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study,” Atmos. Environ. 33, 4787–4795 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Environ. A (2)

M. A. Sviridenkov, D. A. Gillette, A. A. Isakov, I. N. Sokolik, V. V. Smirnov, B. D. Belan, M. V. Pachenko, A. V. Andronova, S. M. Kolomiets, V. M. Zhukov, D. A. Zhukovsky, “Size distributions of dust aerosols measured during the Soviet–American experiment in Tadzhikistan 1989,” Atmos. Environ. A 27, 2481–2486 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chow, J. G. Watson, D. H. Lowenthal, P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, S. D. Ziman, L. W. Richards, “PM10 source apportionment in California’s San Joaquin Valley,” Atmos. Environ. A 26, 3335–3354 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson, L. D. Travis, “Nonsphericity of dust-like tropospheric aerosols: implications for aerosol remote sensing and climate modeling,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 1077–1080 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Atmos. Environ. (1)

H. D. Huffman, “Comparison of the light absorption coefficient and carbon measures for remote aerosols: an independent analysis of data from the IMPROVE network,” I. Atmos. Environ. 30, 73–83 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Icarus (1)

J. B. Pollack, O. B. Toon, B. N. Khare, “Optical properties of some terrestrial rocks and glasses,” Icarus 19, 372–389 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. (1)

P. A. Solomon, K. L. Magliano, “Objectives and design of Central California’s 1995 Integrated Monitoring Study of the California Regional PM10/PM2.5 Air Quality Study,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 49, PM199–PM215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

G. W. Grams, I. H. Blifford, D. A. Gillette, P. B. Russell, “Complex index of refraction of airborne soil particles,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 459–471 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophy. Res. (1)

E. M. Patterson, D. A. Gillette, B. H. Stockton, “Complex index of refraction between 300 and 700 nm for Saharan aerosols,” J. Geophy. Res. 82, 3153–3160 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (6)

K. A. Fuller, W. C. Malm, S. M. Kreidenweis, “Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,941–15,954 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Perry, T. A. Cahill, R. A. Eldred, D. D. Dutcher, T. E. Gill, “Long-range transport of North African dust to the eastern United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11,225–11,238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Prospero, “Long-term measurements of the transport of African mineral dust to the southeastern United States: implications for regional air quality,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 15,917–15,927 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Malm, J. V. Molenar, R. A. Eldred, J. F. Sisler, “Examining the relationship among atmospheric aerosols and light scattering and extinction in the Grand Canyon area,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,251–19,265 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. H. McMurry, X. Zhang, C.-T. Lee, “Issues in aerosol measurement for optics assessments,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 19,189–19,197 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Moosmüller, W. P. Arnott, C. F. Rogers, J. C. Chow, C. A. Frazier, L. E. Sherman, D. L. Dietrich, “Photoacoustic and filter measurements related to aerosol light absorption during the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study (Colorado 1996/1997),” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 28,149–28,157 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by non-spherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

X. Li, H. Maring, D. Savoie, K. Voss, J. M. Prospero, “Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds,” Nature 380, 416–419 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

E. Wahlstrom, Optical Crystallography (Wiley, New York, 1974).

J. G. Watson, J. C. Chow, L. W. Richards, S. R. Anderson, J. E. Houck, D. L. Dietrich, “The 1987–1988 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Air Pollution Study,” Measurements, Vol. II of DRI Docu. 8810 1F2 prepared for the 1987–88 Metro Denver Brown Cloud Study, Inc. (Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nev., 1988).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison between filter B ap measured with the Desert Research Institute (DRI) densitometer and the U.C. Davis (also written UCD) LIPM: (a) Teflon filter samples from the 1988 Denver Brown Cloud study, (b) Teflon filter samples from IMPROVE sites near Lake Tahoe, Calif., and Saguaro National Monument, Ariz., in 1994.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

AAE and STD of the differences between the fine and coarse calculated and the corrected measured B ap.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of Mass and Absorption Measurements of Resuspended Black Sand Dust

Tables Icon

Table 2 Estimated Absorption as a Function of Particle Size Distribution (Refractive Index Nr = 1.606 and Ni = 0.005)

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