Abstract

The design of a fiber-optic local area network (LAN) demonstration system is described. A complete LAN system would consist of an array of 16 personal computers (PC’s), where each PC has a network interface card (NIC) with a parallel fiber-optic datalink to a centralized optoelectronic switch core. The centralized core switches the data generated by 16 NIC’s, up to 128 Gbit/s of bandwidth. The demonstrator is designed to scale to terabits of bandwidth by use of an emerging optoelectronic technology, i.e., integrated complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) substrates with vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and photodetector optical input and output. A subset of the complete system was constructed and is operational. A prototype NIC card, with Motorola Optobus VCSEL transceivers for the optical datalinks, was constructed and is described. A prototype high-speed bipolar switch core, with statically configurable electrical positive-emitter coupled-logic 16 × 16 crossbar switches, CMOS field-programmable gate arrays, and Motorola Optobus transceivers, was constructed and is described. We successfully demonstrated the transmission of high-speed packetized data from one NIC card, through 10 m of parallel fiber ribbon and the centralized switch core, and back to the NIC. We summarize our experiences on the design and testing of our first demonstration system and our development toward a terabit switch core.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. E. Anderson, D. E. Culler, D. A. Patterson, “A case for NOW (networks of workstations),” IEEE Micro.16, 54–64 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.
  3. T. H. Szymanski, A. Au, M. Lafrenière-Roula, V. Tyan, B. Supmonchai, J. Wong, B. Zerrouk, S. T. Obenaus, “Terabit optical local area networks for multiprocessing systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 264–275 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. H. Szymanski, “Parallel computing with intelligent optical networks,” in Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections, K. Li, Y. Pan, S. Q. Zheng, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1998), pp. 24–46 (see http://www.mcs.newpaltz.edu/~li/pcuoi.html ).
  5. A. Au, B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “A fiber optic local area network demonstrator,” in Proceedings of Hot Interconnects 7 (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 241–245.
  6. B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “High speed VLSI concentrators for terabit intelligent optical backplanes,” in Optics in Computing ’98P. H. Chavel, D. A. Miller, H. Theinpoint, eds., Proc. SPIE3490, 306–310 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Supmonchai, A. Au, T. H. Szymanski, “An optoelectronic CMOS switch core for a terabit optical local area network,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Parallel Interconnects (PI ’99) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 35–42.
  8. T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.
  9. T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “Field-programmable logic devices with optical input–output,” Appl. Opt. 39, 721–732 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.
  12. J. D. Crow, A. F. Benner, “Intramachine communications,” in Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communications, C. DeCusatis, E. Maass, D. P. Clement, R. C. Lasky, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 331–384.
  13. A. A. Chien, M. D. Hill, S. S. Mukherjee, “Design challenges for high-performance network interfaces,” IEEE Comput. 31, 42–44 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Bertsekas, R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1992).
  15. Altera FPGA Data Book 1996 (Altera Corporation, San Jose, Calif. 95134, 1996).
  16. C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).
  17. H. W. Johnson, M. Graham, High-Speed Digital Design: A Handbook of Black Magic (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).
  18. High Performance ECL Data (DL140/D) (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1996).
  19. C. Petty, T. Pearson, “Designing with PECL (ECL at + 5.0 V),” (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1992).
  20. TQ8017—1.2 Gigabit/sec 16 × 16 Digital PECL Crosspoint Switch (TriQuint Semiconductor, Millsboro, Oreg. 97124, 1999).
  21. J. E. Buchanan, Signal and Power Integrity in Digital Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), pp. 123–172.
  22. W. J. Dally, J. W. Poulton, Digital Systems Engineering (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1998), pp. 25–78.
    [CrossRef]
  23. CoreBuilder 9400 Gigabit Ethernet Switch (3Com Corp., P.O. Box 58145, 5400 Bayfront Plaza, Santa Clara, Calif. 95052-8145, 1999).
  24. Gigabit Etherlink Server Network Interface Card (3Com Corp., P.O. Box 58145, 5400 Bayfront Plaza, Santa Clara, Calif., 95052-8145, 1999).
  25. A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.
  26. T. H. Szymanski, “Design principles for practical self-routing non-blocking switching networks with O(N log N) bit complexity,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 46, 1057–1069 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

T. H. Szymanski, “Design principles for practical self-routing non-blocking switching networks with O(N log N) bit complexity,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 46, 1057–1069 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Au, A.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “Field-programmable logic devices with optical input–output,” Appl. Opt. 39, 721–732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, A. Au, M. Lafrenière-Roula, V. Tyan, B. Supmonchai, J. Wong, B. Zerrouk, S. T. Obenaus, “Terabit optical local area networks for multiprocessing systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 264–275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Au, B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “A fiber optic local area network demonstrator,” in Proceedings of Hot Interconnects 7 (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 241–245.

B. Supmonchai, A. Au, T. H. Szymanski, “An optoelectronic CMOS switch core for a terabit optical local area network,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Parallel Interconnects (PI ’99) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 35–42.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.

Bacon, D. D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Benner, A.

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

Benner, A. F.

J. D. Crow, A. F. Benner, “Intramachine communications,” in Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communications, C. DeCusatis, E. Maass, D. P. Clement, R. C. Lasky, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 331–384.

Bertsekas, D.

D. Bertsekas, R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1992).

Buchanan, J. E.

J. E. Buchanan, Signal and Power Integrity in Digital Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), pp. 123–172.

Buchholz, D. B.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Carney, F.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Chien, A. A.

A. A. Chien, M. D. Hill, S. S. Mukherjee, “Design challenges for high-performance network interfaces,” IEEE Comput. 31, 42–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Choi, N.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Chun, C. K. Y.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Crow, J. D.

J. D. Crow, A. F. Benner, “Intramachine communications,” in Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communications, C. DeCusatis, E. Maass, D. P. Clement, R. C. Lasky, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 331–384.

Cunningham, J. E.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

D’Asaro, L. A.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Dahringer, D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Dally, W. J.

W. J. Dally, J. W. Poulton, Digital Systems Engineering (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1998), pp. 25–78.
[CrossRef]

Denton, R. K.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Diaz, D.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Gallager, R.

D. Bertsekas, R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1992).

Goossen, K. W.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Graham, M.

H. W. Johnson, M. Graham, High-Speed Digital Design: A Handbook of Black Magic (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

Hill, M. D.

A. A. Chien, M. D. Hill, S. S. Mukherjee, “Design challenges for high-performance network interfaces,” IEEE Comput. 31, 42–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, W. S.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hui, S. P.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Jan, W. Y.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Johnson, H. W.

H. W. Johnson, M. Graham, High-Speed Digital Design: A Handbook of Black Magic (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

Knapp, J.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Kossives, D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, J. M.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Lafrenière-Roula, M.

Lai, B. W. H.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Leibengath, R. E.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Lentine, A. L.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Livescu, G.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Lopata, J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McFarland, W. J.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Meyering, M.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Morrison, R. L.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Mukherjee, S. S.

A. A. Chien, M. D. Hill, S. S. Mukherjee, “Design challenges for high-performance network interfaces,” IEEE Comput. 31, 42–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, C.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Norton, L. J.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Novotny, R. A.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Obenaus, S. T.

Pearson, T.

C. Petty, T. Pearson, “Designing with PECL (ECL at + 5.0 V),” (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1992).

Petruno, P. T.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Petty, C.

C. Petty, T. Pearson, “Designing with PECL (ECL at + 5.0 V),” (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1992).

Planer, S.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Poulton, J. W.

W. J. Dally, J. W. Poulton, Digital Systems Engineering (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1998), pp. 25–78.
[CrossRef]

Raskin, G.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Reyes, E.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Rudolph, L.

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

Saint-Laurent, M.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “Field-programmable logic devices with optical input–output,” Appl. Opt. 39, 721–732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.

Sauvageau, J.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Schenfeld, E.

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

Schwartz, D. B.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Shook, S. G.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Sterling, T.

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

Stout, C.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Supmonchai, B.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “Field-programmable logic devices with optical input–output,” Appl. Opt. 39, 721–732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, A. Au, M. Lafrenière-Roula, V. Tyan, B. Supmonchai, J. Wong, B. Zerrouk, S. T. Obenaus, “Terabit optical local area networks for multiprocessing systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 264–275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Au, B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “A fiber optic local area network demonstrator,” in Proceedings of Hot Interconnects 7 (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 241–245.

B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “High speed VLSI concentrators for terabit intelligent optical backplanes,” in Optics in Computing ’98P. H. Chavel, D. A. Miller, H. Theinpoint, eds., Proc. SPIE3490, 306–310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Supmonchai, A. Au, T. H. Szymanski, “An optoelectronic CMOS switch core for a terabit optical local area network,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Parallel Interconnects (PI ’99) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 35–42.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.

Szymanski, T. H.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “Field-programmable logic devices with optical input–output,” Appl. Opt. 39, 721–732 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, A. Au, M. Lafrenière-Roula, V. Tyan, B. Supmonchai, J. Wong, B. Zerrouk, S. T. Obenaus, “Terabit optical local area networks for multiprocessing systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 264–275 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, “Design principles for practical self-routing non-blocking switching networks with O(N log N) bit complexity,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 46, 1057–1069 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “High speed VLSI concentrators for terabit intelligent optical backplanes,” in Optics in Computing ’98P. H. Chavel, D. A. Miller, H. Theinpoint, eds., Proc. SPIE3490, 306–310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Au, B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “A fiber optic local area network demonstrator,” in Proceedings of Hot Interconnects 7 (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 241–245.

T. H. Szymanski, “Parallel computing with intelligent optical networks,” in Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections, K. Li, Y. Pan, S. Q. Zheng, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1998), pp. 24–46 (see http://www.mcs.newpaltz.edu/~li/pcuoi.html ).

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

B. Supmonchai, A. Au, T. H. Szymanski, “An optoelectronic CMOS switch core for a terabit optical local area network,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Parallel Interconnects (PI ’99) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 35–42.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.

Tseng, B. J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, B. T.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Tyan, V.

Walker, J. A.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Walker, R. C.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Wen, Y.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Wong, J.

Wynn, J. D.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yen, C.-S.

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

Yoder, J.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

Zerrouk, B.

Zydzik, G. J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Hewlett-Packard J. (1)

C.-S. Yen, R. C. Walker, P. T. Petruno, C. Stout, B. W. H. Lai, W. J. McFarland, “G-Link: a chipset for gigabit-rate data communication,” Hewlett-Packard J. 43, 103–116 (1992).

IEEE Comput. (1)

A. A. Chien, M. D. Hill, S. S. Mukherjee, “Design challenges for high-performance network interfaces,” IEEE Comput. 31, 42–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, L. M. F. Chirovsky, W. S. Hobson, R. E. Leibengath, S. P. Hui, G. J. Zydzik, K. W. Goossen, J. D. Wynn, B. J. Tseng, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, L. A. D’Asaro, “Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers flip-chip bonded to gigabit-per-second CMOS circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 128–130 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

T. H. Szymanski, “Design principles for practical self-routing non-blocking switching networks with O(N log N) bit complexity,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 46, 1057–1069 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (20)

D. Bertsekas, R. Gallager, Data Networks, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1992).

Altera FPGA Data Book 1996 (Altera Corporation, San Jose, Calif. 95134, 1996).

T. E. Anderson, D. E. Culler, D. A. Patterson, “A case for NOW (networks of workstations),” IEEE Micro.16, 54–64 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Benner, L. Rudolph, E. Schenfeld, T. Sterling, T. H. Szymanski, “Design options for interconnecting a 100+ TFlop/sec parallel supercomputer in 2004,” Paper and Panel Discussion in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnects (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1998), pp. 168–173.

L. J. Norton, F. Carney, N. Choi, C. K. Y. Chun, R. K. Denton, D. Diaz, J. Knapp, M. Meyering, C. Ngo, S. Planer, G. Raskin, E. Reyes, J. Sauvageau, D. B. Schwartz, S. G. Shook, J. Yoder, Y. Wen, “OPTOBUS I: a production parallel fiber optical interconnect,” in Proceedings of the 47th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1997), pp. 204–209.

J. D. Crow, A. F. Benner, “Intramachine communications,” in Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communications, C. DeCusatis, E. Maass, D. P. Clement, R. C. Lasky, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 331–384.

T. H. Szymanski, “Parallel computing with intelligent optical networks,” in Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections, K. Li, Y. Pan, S. Q. Zheng, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1998), pp. 24–46 (see http://www.mcs.newpaltz.edu/~li/pcuoi.html ).

A. Au, B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “A fiber optic local area network demonstrator,” in Proceedings of Hot Interconnects 7 (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 241–245.

B. Supmonchai, T. H. Szymanski, “High speed VLSI concentrators for terabit intelligent optical backplanes,” in Optics in Computing ’98P. H. Chavel, D. A. Miller, H. Theinpoint, eds., Proc. SPIE3490, 306–310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Supmonchai, A. Au, T. H. Szymanski, “An optoelectronic CMOS switch core for a terabit optical local area network,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Parallel Interconnects (PI ’99) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1999), pp. 35–42.

T. H. Szymanski, M. Saint-Laurent, V. Tyan, A. Au, B. Supmonchai, “A field programmable gate array with optical I/O,” in Digest of the Technical Meeting on Optics in Computing (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 149–152.

H. W. Johnson, M. Graham, High-Speed Digital Design: A Handbook of Black Magic (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

High Performance ECL Data (DL140/D) (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1996).

C. Petty, T. Pearson, “Designing with PECL (ECL at + 5.0 V),” (Motorola Inc., Phoenix, Ariz. 85036, 1992).

TQ8017—1.2 Gigabit/sec 16 × 16 Digital PECL Crosspoint Switch (TriQuint Semiconductor, Millsboro, Oreg. 97124, 1999).

J. E. Buchanan, Signal and Power Integrity in Digital Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), pp. 123–172.

W. J. Dally, J. W. Poulton, Digital Systems Engineering (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1998), pp. 25–78.
[CrossRef]

CoreBuilder 9400 Gigabit Ethernet Switch (3Com Corp., P.O. Box 58145, 5400 Bayfront Plaza, Santa Clara, Calif. 95052-8145, 1999).

Gigabit Etherlink Server Network Interface Card (3Com Corp., P.O. Box 58145, 5400 Bayfront Plaza, Santa Clara, Calif., 95052-8145, 1999).

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 Optical I/O based on flip chip bonding of GaAs–AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 517–518.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fiber-optic LAN used in network of workstations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-chip terabit switch core. 2D, two dimensional.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Design of the NIC. TX, transmitter; RX, receiver.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) HDMP-1012 transmitter IC block diagram. (b) HDMP-1014 receiver IC block diagram.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optobus receiver subsystem CML output stage.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Prototype NIC. OTM, optical tranceiver module.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Split parallel termination.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Custom IC daughterboards mounting (a) the transmitter and receiver modules and (b) the PECL crossbar switch.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optoelectronic switch core packaging.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Stackup for the eight-layer switch core PCB. The thickness of all signal and power-ground layers is 0.0014 in. The total thickness of the PCB is 0.063 in.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Prototype switch core PCB in the demonstrator.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Custom software used to configure routing information onto the switch core PCB.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Key components of the fiber-optic LAN demonstrator.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Observed serial data at (a) 160 Mbit/s and (b) 240 Mbit/s. The upper waveform is the output from the transmitter (TX) module. The lower waveform is the input to the receiver (RX) module. Horizontal scale is 20 ns/division. Vertical scale is 1 V/division.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Optoelectronic CMOS IC designed through 1997/1998 ARPA/Lucent/COOP Workshop, which supports 200 optical I–O’s and 40 electrical I–O’s on a 2 mm × 2 mm substrate.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Scalable LAN arranged in a multistage topology. Other arbitrary topologies are also possible (WS, workstation; SW, switch core).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ZO=87r+1.41ln5.98h0.8w+t,when 0.1<wh<2.0,
ZO=30rln3.612h1+t2h2+t0.8w+t2,whenwh1+h2<0.35,  th1+h2<0.25,

Metrics