Abstract

We discuss the optical recording and relaxation of low spatial frequency gratings and negative microlenses by a dyed polyacrylamide gel. An analysis of the grating diffraction efficiency and the focal distance of microlenses is shown. A study of the evolution of the surface modulation of both types of elements with an interference microscope is also included.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).
  3. M. C. Rogermann, V. P. Lukai, V. E. Zuev, “Adaptive optics: introduction to the feature issue,” in Feature on Adaptive Optics, V. P. Luken, V. E. Zuev, M. Roggeman, eds., Appl. Opt.37, 4523–4524 (1998).
  4. Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).
  5. J. Lewandowski, B. Mongenau, M. Cormier, J. Lapierre, “Infrared holographic interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3291–3296 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. F. Borra, “The liquid-mirror telescope as a viable astronomical tool,” J. R. Astron. Soc. Can. 7b, 245–256 (1986).
  7. T. Tanaka, “Collapse of gels and the critical endpoint,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 820–823 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. A. Mauro, ed., Optical Engineering Handbook (General Electric Company, Scranton, Pa., 1963), Sec. 6, pp. 15–18.
  9. G. Da Costa, J. Calatroni, “Transient deformation of liquid surfaces by laser-induced thermocapillarity,” Appl. Opt. 18, 233–235 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988), Chap. 7.
  11. S. Calixto, M. S. Scholl, “Relief optical microelements fabricated with dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2101–2106 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).

1997 (2)

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Calixto, M. S. Scholl, “Relief optical microelements fabricated with dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2101–2106 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

J. Lewandowski, B. Mongenau, M. Cormier, J. Lapierre, “Infrared holographic interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3291–3296 (1986).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Borra, “The liquid-mirror telescope as a viable astronomical tool,” J. R. Astron. Soc. Can. 7b, 245–256 (1986).

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

T. Tanaka, “Collapse of gels and the critical endpoint,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 820–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Babadjian, L.

G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).

Borra, E. F.

E. F. Borra, “The liquid-mirror telescope as a viable astronomical tool,” J. R. Astron. Soc. Can. 7b, 245–256 (1986).

Calatroni, J.

Calixto, S.

Cormier, M.

Coville, A.

G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).

Da Costa, G.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988), Chap. 7.

Jiang, W.

Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).

Lapierre, J.

Lewandowski, J.

Ling, N.

Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).

Lukai, V. P.

M. C. Rogermann, V. P. Lukai, V. E. Zuev, “Adaptive optics: introduction to the feature issue,” in Feature on Adaptive Optics, V. P. Luken, V. E. Zuev, M. Roggeman, eds., Appl. Opt.37, 4523–4524 (1998).

Middelhoek, S.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mongenau, B.

Robert, G.

G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).

Rogermann, M. C.

M. C. Rogermann, V. P. Lukai, V. E. Zuev, “Adaptive optics: introduction to the feature issue,” in Feature on Adaptive Optics, V. P. Luken, V. E. Zuev, M. Roggeman, eds., Appl. Opt.37, 4523–4524 (1998).

Sarro, P. M.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scholl, M. S.

Spirkovitch, S.

G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka, “Collapse of gels and the critical endpoint,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 820–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, G.

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).

Zuev, V. E.

M. C. Rogermann, V. P. Lukai, V. E. Zuev, “Adaptive optics: introduction to the feature issue,” in Feature on Adaptive Optics, V. P. Luken, V. E. Zuev, M. Roggeman, eds., Appl. Opt.37, 4523–4524 (1998).

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

Z. Zeng, N. Ling, W. Jiang, “The investigation of controlling laser focal profile by deformable mirror and wave-front sensor,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 341–348 (1999).

J. R. Astron. Soc. Can. (1)

E. F. Borra, “The liquid-mirror telescope as a viable astronomical tool,” J. R. Astron. Soc. Can. 7b, 245–256 (1986).

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. Vdovin, S. Middelhoek, P. M. Sarro, “Technology and applications of micromachined silicon adaptive mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 36, 1382–1390 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Tanaka, “Collapse of gels and the critical endpoint,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 820–823 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. A. Mauro, ed., Optical Engineering Handbook (General Electric Company, Scranton, Pa., 1963), Sec. 6, pp. 15–18.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988), Chap. 7.

G. Robert, A. Coville, L. Babadjian, S. Spirkovitch, “Active micromirror: a new adaptive optical microcomponent,” in 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, A. J. Glass, J. W. Goodman, M. Chang, A. H. Guenther, T. Asakura, S. Hokkaido, eds., Proc. SPIE3749, 54–55 (1999).

M. C. Rogermann, V. P. Lukai, V. E. Zuev, “Adaptive optics: introduction to the feature issue,” in Feature on Adaptive Optics, V. P. Luken, V. E. Zuev, M. Roggeman, eds., Appl. Opt.37, 4523–4524 (1998).

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