Abstract

Dye-doped solgel silica lasers with distributed feedback were demonstrated. Solgel silica slabs doped with Rhodamine 6G or Coumarin 460 dyes were fabricated. Periodic gain modulation in dye-doped solgel silica slabs were created by the interference pattern of the pumped laser beams diffracted by a holographic grating. Laser pulse trains with subnanosecond spikes were induced. Laser emission wavelengths were centered at 480 and 585 nm for Rhodamine 6G and Coumarin 460, respectively. It was possible for us to tune approximately 20 nm around the emission centers by varying the intersection angle. The laser linewidth was of the order of 60 pm.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

S. K. Lam, X.-L. Zhu, D. Lo, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of coumarin-doped sol-gel silica laser,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1151–1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Mandl, A. Zavrizev, D. E. Klimek, “Energy scaling and beam quality studies of a zig-zag solid state plastic dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1723–1726 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1984

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Excimer laser pumped ps-dye laser,” Appl. Phys. B 33, 95–98 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979

Z. Bor, “A novel pumping arrangement for tunable pico-second pulse generation with a N2 laser pumped distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 29, 103–108 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed-feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–397 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Allik, T. H.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed-feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–397 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Boilet, J. P.

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor, “A novel pumping arrangement for tunable pico-second pulse generation with a N2 laser pumped distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 29, 103–108 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brum, A.

Canva, M.

Chandra, S.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chaput, F.

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, “Solid state dispersive dye laser oscillator: very compact design,” Opt. Commun. 117, 480–484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Efendiev, T. Sh.

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Hermes, R. E.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hutchison, J. A.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, K.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Katarkevich, V. M.

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klimek, D. E.

A. Mandl, A. Zavrizev, D. E. Klimek, “Energy scaling and beam quality studies of a zig-zag solid state plastic dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1723–1726 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed-feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–397 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lam, K. S.

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lam, D. Lo, K. H. Wong, “Sol-gel silica laser tunable in the blue,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3380–3383 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lam, S. K.

S. K. Lam, X.-L. Zhu, D. Lo, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of coumarin-doped sol-gel silica laser,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1151–1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lawless, J. L.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lo, D.

S. K. Lam, X.-L. Zhu, D. Lo, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of coumarin-doped sol-gel silica laser,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1151–1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lam, D. Lo, K. H. Wong, “Sol-gel silica laser tunable in the blue,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3380–3383 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mandl, A.

A. Mandl, A. Zavrizev, D. E. Klimek, “Energy scaling and beam quality studies of a zig-zag solid state plastic dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1723–1726 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oki, Y.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Parris, J. E.

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perelgritz, J. F.

Rubinov, A. N.

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ryzhechkin, S. A.

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, F. P.

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Excimer laser pumped ps-dye laser,” Appl. Phys. B 33, 95–98 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed-feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–397 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Szatmári, S.

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Excimer laser pumped ps-dye laser,” Appl. Phys. B 33, 95–98 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. H.

Ye, C.

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zavrizev, A.

A. Mandl, A. Zavrizev, D. E. Klimek, “Energy scaling and beam quality studies of a zig-zag solid state plastic dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1723–1726 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.-L.

S. K. Lam, X.-L. Zhu, D. Lo, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of coumarin-doped sol-gel silica laser,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1151–1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

D. Lo, J. E. Parris, J. L. Lawless, “Laser and fluorescence properties of dye-doped sol-gel silica from 400 nm to 800 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 56, 385–390 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Lam, X.-L. Zhu, D. Lo, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of coumarin-doped sol-gel silica laser,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1151–1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Szatmári, F. P. Schäfer, “Excimer laser pumped ps-dye laser,” Appl. Phys. B 33, 95–98 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed-feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–397 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchison, “High-efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Maeda, Y. Oki, K. Imamura, “Ultrashort pulse generation from an integrated single-chip dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2146–2149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mandl, A. Zavrizev, D. E. Klimek, “Energy scaling and beam quality studies of a zig-zag solid state plastic dye laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1723–1726 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

F. J. Duarte, “Solid state dispersive dye laser oscillator: very compact design,” Opt. Commun. 117, 480–484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Lo, S. K. Lam, C. Ye, K. S. Lam, “Narrow linewidth operation of solid state dye lasers based on sol-gel silica,” Opt. Commun. 156, 316–320 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bor, “A novel pumping arrangement for tunable pico-second pulse generation with a N2 laser pumped distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 29, 103–108 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

V. M. Katarkevich, A. N. Rubinov, S. A. Ryzhechkin, T. Sh. Efendiev, “Compact holographic solid state distributed-feedback laser,” Quantum Electron. 24, 871–873 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental layout of the distributed-feedback solid-state dye-laser experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser emission spectrum from the solgel silica DFDL detected by the array detector–grating spectrograph system: (a) R6G-doped DFDL and (b) C 460-doped DFDL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning of the R6G-doped and C 460-doped solgel silica DFDL as a function of intersection angle θ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser waveforms of the R6G-doped solgel silica DFDL.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Solgel silica DFDL output energy as a function of pump laser energy. The points represent measurements; the solid line represents 4.5% slope efficiency.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 DFDL Performance of Dye-Doped Solgel Silica

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