Abstract

A flash-lamp-pumped Er:Cr:YSGG laser at 2.79-µm wavelength has been acousto-optically Q switched. The Q-switched pulse energy and duration depend on pump pulse level and relative Q-switching time. Limits of single-pulse operation with the given acousto-optic diffraction efficiency have been determined. Resonator length, position of the Q switch, and output mirror reflectivity have been varied to obtain high pulse energy and the shortest pulse duration in the TEM00 transverse laser mode. A maximum single-pulse energy of 27 mJ and a minimum pulse duration of 120 ns were obtained with an output mirror reflectivity of approximately 25%. The highest Q-switched single-pulse energy amounted to 52% of the free-running, fundamental mode output pulse energy.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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