Abstract

Measurements of the absorption of pure water have been described [Appl. Opt. 38, 1216 (1999)]. This comment on that paper disputes the claims that (1) their list of references on pure water absorption is complete, (2) their result “… provides reliable data in the 320–420-nm region … ,” and (3) their data agree well with existing data in the literature. The clearest demonstration of these points is made by plotting their data and its associated error bars together with plots of other data in the literature that should be considered significantly more reliable. Finally, for practical applications that require absorption data, a suggestion is made for the best choice of absorption coefficients in the range of 196 nm ≤ λ ≤ 700 nm.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. J. Litjens, T. I. Quickenden, C. G. Freeman, “Visible and near-ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1216–1223 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. M. Pope, E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8710–8723 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. M. Sogandares, E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (340–640 nm) of pure water. I. Photothermal measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8699–8709 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” in Ocean Optics XII, J. S. Jaffe, ed., Proc. SPIE2258, 174–183 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. M. Pope, “Optical absorption of pure water and sea water using the integrating cavity absorption meter,” Ph.D. dissertation (Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1993).
  6. F. M. Sogandares, “The spectral absorption of pure water,” Ph.D. dissertation (Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1991).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200–800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20, 177–184 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. V. Kopelevich, “Optical properties of water in the 250–600 nm range,” Opt. Spectrosc. 41, 391–392 (1976).
  14. M. R. Querry, D. M. Wieliczka, D. J. Segelstein, “Water (H2O),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), pp. 1059–1077.
  15. P. B. Price, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. (personal communication, 1998).
  16. AMANDA Collaboration, “Optical properties of deep ice at the South Pole: absorption,” Appl. Opt. 36, 4168–4180 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. M. Hobbs, N. J. McCormick, “Design of an integrating cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 38, 456–461 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. S. Fry, G. W. Kattawar, R. M. Pope, “Integrating cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 31, 2055–2065 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. I. Quickenden, J. A. Irvin, “The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4416–4428 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1999

1997

1992

1984

1982

J. Cariou, J. Lotrain, “Etude de la transmission d’un faisceau laser pulsé dans l’eau de mer. Détermination des coefficients d’atténuation dans le domain spectrale 415-660 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 1873–1880 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

1980

T. I. Quickenden, J. A. Irvin, “The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4416–4428 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, “Optical absorption coefficients of water,” Nature (London) 280, 302–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977

A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

O. V. Kopelevich, “Optical properties of water in the 250–600 nm range,” Opt. Spectrosc. 41, 391–392 (1976).

Baker, K. S.

Bohren, C. F.

Buiteveld, H.

H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” in Ocean Optics XII, J. S. Jaffe, ed., Proc. SPIE2258, 174–183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cariou, J.

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Cariou, J. Lotrain, “Etude de la transmission d’un faisceau laser pulsé dans l’eau de mer. Détermination des coefficients d’atténuation dans le domain spectrale 415-660 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 1873–1880 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Donze, M.

H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” in Ocean Optics XII, J. S. Jaffe, ed., Proc. SPIE2258, 174–183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, C. G.

Fry, E. S.

Gaillard, F.

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hakvoort, J. H. M.

H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” in Ocean Optics XII, J. S. Jaffe, ed., Proc. SPIE2258, 174–183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hobbs, D. M.

Irvin, J. A.

T. I. Quickenden, J. A. Irvin, “The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4416–4428 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kattawar, G. W.

Kopelevich, O. V.

O. V. Kopelevich, “Optical properties of water in the 250–600 nm range,” Opt. Spectrosc. 41, 391–392 (1976).

Litjens, R. A. J.

Lotrain, J.

J. Cariou, J. Lotrain, “Etude de la transmission d’un faisceau laser pulsé dans l’eau de mer. Détermination des coefficients d’atténuation dans le domain spectrale 415-660 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 1873–1880 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lotrian, J.

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, N. J.

Mercier, H.

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Patel, C. K. N.

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, “Optical absorption coefficients of water,” Nature (London) 280, 302–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pope, R. M.

Price, P. B.

P. B. Price, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. (personal communication, 1998).

Prieur, L.

A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Querry, M. R.

M. R. Querry, D. M. Wieliczka, D. J. Segelstein, “Water (H2O),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), pp. 1059–1077.

Quickenden, T. I.

R. A. J. Litjens, T. I. Quickenden, C. G. Freeman, “Visible and near-ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1216–1223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Quickenden, J. A. Irvin, “The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4416–4428 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Segelstein, D. J.

M. R. Querry, D. M. Wieliczka, D. J. Segelstein, “Water (H2O),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), pp. 1059–1077.

Smith, R. C.

Sogandares, F. M.

F. M. Sogandares, E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (340–640 nm) of pure water. I. Photothermal measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8699–8709 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Sogandares, “The spectral absorption of pure water,” Ph.D. dissertation (Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1991).

Tam, A. C.

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, “Optical absorption coefficients of water,” Nature (London) 280, 302–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wieliczka, D. M.

M. R. Querry, D. M. Wieliczka, D. J. Segelstein, “Water (H2O),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), pp. 1059–1077.

Appl. Opt.

J. Chem. Phys.

T. I. Quickenden, J. A. Irvin, “The ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4416–4428 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D

J. Cariou, J. Lotrain, “Etude de la transmission d’un faisceau laser pulsé dans l’eau de mer. Détermination des coefficients d’atténuation dans le domain spectrale 415-660 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 1873–1880 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Mercier, F. Gaillard, J. Cariou, J. Lotrian, “Montage d’absorption à double faisceau laser pour la mesure de coefficients d’atténuation des liquides: application à l’eau pure dans le domain de 414 à 662 nm,” J. Phys. D 15, 563–569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr.

A. Morel, L. Prieur, “Analysis of variations in ocean color,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 22, 709–722 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, “Optical absorption coefficients of water,” Nature (London) 280, 302–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc.

O. V. Kopelevich, “Optical properties of water in the 250–600 nm range,” Opt. Spectrosc. 41, 391–392 (1976).

Other

M. R. Querry, D. M. Wieliczka, D. J. Segelstein, “Water (H2O),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids II, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), pp. 1059–1077.

P. B. Price, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. (personal communication, 1998).

H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” in Ocean Optics XII, J. S. Jaffe, ed., Proc. SPIE2258, 174–183 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Pope, “Optical absorption of pure water and sea water using the integrating cavity absorption meter,” Ph.D. dissertation (Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1993).

F. M. Sogandares, “The spectral absorption of pure water,” Ph.D. dissertation (Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1991).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measurements of the absorption coefficient of pure water as a function of wavelength. In each case, error bars are those quoted by the respective authors.

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