Abstract

A four-element photomixer receiver has been tested in a 10-µm heterodyne Doppler lidar. It addresses a reduction of the variance of the power scattered off distributed aerosols targets at ranges as long as 8 km. An improvement in performance is expected when the four independent signals recorded on every single shot are combined. Two summation techniques of the four signals have been implemented: a coherent summation of signal amplitude and an incoherent summation of intensities. A phasing technique for the four signals is proposed. It is based on a more suitable correlation time with discernible self-consistent packets (SCP’s). The SCP technique has been successfully tested, and the results obtained with a coherent summation of the four signals, i.e., variance reduction, carrier-to-noise ratio improvement, and velocity accuracy improvement, are in agreement with theory.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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